Practical Environment for Realizing Augmented Classroom with Wireless Digital Pens

  • Motoki Miura
  • Susumu Kunifuji
  • Yasuyuki Sakamoto
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4694)


We have developed AirTransNote, a student notes sharing system to facilitate collaborative and interactive learning in a regular lecture at conventional classrooms. Our former student system employed ultrasonic digital pens to capture student notes on a usual paper sheet. Although the paper-based approach is intuitive for learners, the ultrasonic pen with a PDA created some difficulties when used by senior high school students. In order to eliminate those difficulties, we have introduced anoto-based pens and a data gathering system called “digital pen gateway.” Owing to the improved student system, students could easily submit their answers with handling of multiple paper sheets. The teacher could refer the answers to choose students who need assistance during the lecture. Questionnaire results showed that the simpler student interface is quite acceptable, and the system can realize our augmented classroom concept in a practical way.


Ubiquitous Computing CSCL e-Learning 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Anderson, R.J., Hoyer, C., Wolfman, S.A., Anderson, R.: A Study of Digital Ink in Lecture Presentation. In: Proceedings of CHI 2004, pp. 567–574 (2004)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kam, M., Wang, J., Iles, A., Tse, E., Chiu, J., Glaser, D., Tarshish, O., Canny, J.: Livenotes: A System for Cooperative and Augmented Note-Taking in Lectures. In: Proceedings of CHI 2005, pp. 531–540 (2005)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ratto, M., Shapiro, R.B., Truong, T.M., Griswold, W.G.: The ActiveClass Project: Experiments in Encouraging Classroom Participation. In: Proceedings of CSCL 2003, pp. 477–486 (2003)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Yang, J.C., Chen, C.H.: Design of Inquiry Learning Activity Using Wireless and Mobile Technologies. In: Proceedings of ICALT 2006, pp. 398–402 (2006)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Yatani, K., Sugimoto, M., Kusunoki, F.: Musex: A System for Supporting Children’s Collaborative Learning in a Museum with PDAs. In: Proceedings of WMTE 2004, pp. 109–113 (2004)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Oviatt, S., Arthur, A., Cohen, J.: Quiet Interfaces that Help Students Think. In: Proceedings of UIST 2006, pp. 191–200 (2006)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Miura, M., Kunifuji, S., Shizuki, B., Tanaka, J.: Augmented Classroom: A Paper-Centric Approach for Collaborative Learning System. In: Murakami, H., Nakashima, H., Tokuda, H., Yasumura, M. (eds.) UCS 2004. LNCS, vol. 3598, pp. 104–116. Springer, Heidelberg (2005)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Miura, M., Kunifuji, S., Sakamoto, Y.: AirTransNote: An Instant Note Sharing and Reproducing System to Support Students Learning. In: Proceedings of ICALT 2007 (to appear)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Cooperstock, J.R.: The Classroom of the Future: Enhancing Education through Augmented Reality. In: Proceedings of HCI International 2001, pp. 688–692 (2001)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Shi, Y., Xie, W., Xu, G.: Smart Remote Classroom: Creating a Revolutionary Real-Time Interactive Distance Learning System. In: Fong, J., Cheung, C.T., Leong, H.V., Li, Q. (eds.) ICWL 2002. LNCS, vol. 2436, pp. 130–141. Springer, Heidelberg (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Vila, X., Riera, A., Sánchez, E., Lama, M., Moreno, D.: A PDA-based Interface for a Computer Supported Educational System. In: Proceedings of ICALT 2003, pp. 12–16 (2003)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Liu, C.C., Kao, L.C.: Handheld Devices with Large Shared Display Groupware: Tools to Facilitate Group Communication in One-to-One Collaborative Learning Activities. In: Proceedings of WMTE 2005, pp. 128–135 (2005)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Motoki Miura
    • 1
  • Susumu Kunifuji
    • 1
  • Yasuyuki Sakamoto
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Knowledge Science, Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology 
  2. 2.Senior High School at Sakado, University of Tsukuba 

Personalised recommendations