Extended Fuzzy C-Means Clustering in GIS Environment for Hot Spot Events
The Extended Fuzzy C-Means (EFCM) algorithm in a Geographic Information System (GIS) is used for identifying the volume clusters as Hot Spot areas, being the data events geo-referenced as points on the geographic map. We have implemented EFCM with the usage of the software tools ESRI/ARCGIS and ESRI/ARCVIEW 3.x and moreover we have made a comparison with the classical Fuzzy C-Means (FCM) algorithm. The application concerns a specific problem of maintenance, executed in the years 2001-2005, over the buildings constructed before 1960 in the city of Cava de’ Tirreni, located in the district of Salerno (Italy).
KeywordsFuzzy C-Means EFCM GIS Hot Spot Event Spatial Analysis
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