Appositions Versus Double Subject Sentences – What Information the Speech Analysis Brings to a Grammar Debate

  • Horia-Nicolai Teodorescu
  • Diana Trandabăţ
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4629)


We propose a method based on spoken language analysis to deal with controversial syntactic issues; we apply the method to the problem of the double subject sentences in the Romanian language. The double subject construction is a controversial linguistic phenomenon in Romanian. While some researchers accept it as a language ‘curiosity’ (specific only to the Asian languages, but not to the European ones), others consider it apposition-type structure, in order to embody its behavior in the already existing theories. This paper brings a fresh gleam of light over the debate, by presenting what we believe to be the first study on the phonetic analysis of double-subject sentences in order to account for its difference vs. the appositional constructions.


Asian Language Romanian Language Vowel Duration Subject Sentence Emotional Prosody 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Barbu, V.: Double subject constructions in the Romanian language. A HPSG perspective (in Romanian), in Aspects of the Romanian language dynamics (in Romanian), Ed. Universităţii Bucharest, vol. II, pp. 73–79 (2003)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Cornilescu, A.: The Double Subject Construction in Romanian. Notes on the Syntax of the Subject, Revue Roumaine de Linguistique, (3-4), 1–45 (1997)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    GoldWave – Audio software,
  4. 4.
    KPE80 – A Klatt Synthesiser and Parameter Editor,
  5. 5.
    Kumashiro, Toshiyuki, Langacker, Ronald, W.: Double-subject and complex-predicate constructions. Cognitive Linguistics (14-1), 1–45 (2003)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Masahiro, O.: Analyzing Japanese double-subject construction having an adjective predicate. In: Proceedings of the 16th conference on Computational linguistics, Copenhagen, Denmark, vol. 2, pp. 865–870 (1996)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Praat: doing phonetics by computer,
  8. 8.
  9. 9.
    Teodorescu, H.-N., Feraru, M., Trandabăţ, D.: Studies on the Prosody of the Romanian Language: The Emotional Prosody and the Prosody of Double-Subject Sentences. In: Burileanu, Teodorescu (eds.) Advances in Spoken Language Technology, Romanian Academy Press, pp. 171–182 (2007)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Teodorescu, H.-N., Feraru, M.: A study on Speech with Manifest Emotions. In: Matoušek, V., Mautner, P. (eds.) Proc. TSD 2007. LNCS, vol. 4629, pp. 254–262. Springer, Heidelberg (2007)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    UCL Phonetics & Linguistics, WASP – Waveform Annotations Spectrograms and Pitch,

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Horia-Nicolai Teodorescu
    • 1
    • 2
  • Diana Trandabăţ
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute for Computes Science, Romanian Academy 
  2. 2.Faculty of Electronics and Telecommunications, Technical University “Gh. Asachi” of Iaşi 
  3. 3.Faculty of Computer Science, University “Al. I. Cuza” of Iaşi 

Personalised recommendations