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Perfect Block Ciphers with Small Blocks

  • Louis Granboulan
  • Thomas Pornin
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4593)

Abstract

Existing symmetric encryption algorithms target messages consisting of elementary binary blocks of at least 64 bits. Some applications need a block cipher which operates over smaller and possibly non-binary blocks, which can be viewed as a pseudo-random permutation of n elements. We present an algorithm for selecting such a random permutation of n elements and evaluating efficiently the permutation and its inverse over arbitrary inputs. We use an underlying deterministic RNG (random number generator). Each evaluation of the permutation uses O(logn) space and O((logn)3) RNG invocations. The selection process is “perfect”: the permutation is uniformly selected among the n! possibilities.

Keywords

Binary Tree Random Permutation Small Block Block Cipher Array Element 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Louis Granboulan
    • 1
  • Thomas Pornin
    • 2
  1. 1.École Normale Supérieure; EADS 
  2. 2.Cryptolog International, ParisFrance

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