Advertisement

Surgical Anatomy of the Nose

  • Natalie P. Steele
  • J. Regan Thomas

Abstract

■ Expert knowledge of nasal anatomy and function is the key to success in rhinoplasty surgery.

■ Facial analysis and facial aesthetic principles must always be a part of the initial patient evaluation.

■ Surgical manipulations of the nasal anatomy have functional and aesthetic impact.

■ A skilled rhinoplasty surgeon understands the interaction between anatomical units and takes care to preserve these functional relationships to avoid future complications.

Keywords

Nasal Bone Lateral Cartilage Lower Lateral Cartilage Open Rhinoplasty Medial Crura 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Ridley MB. Aesthetic facial proportions. In: Papel ID, Nachlas NE, eds. Facial plastic and reconstructive surgery. Philadelphia: Mosby Year Book, 1002:99–109.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Crumley RL, Lancer R. Quantitative analysis of nasal tip projection. Laryngoscope 1988;98:202–208.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Simons RL. Nasal tip projection, ptosis, and supratip thickening. ENT J 1982;61(8):452–455.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Papel ID. Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. 2nd Edition. Thieme. New York, NY 2002.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Toriumi DM, Mueller RA, Grosch T, Bhattacharyya TK, Larrabee WF Jr. Vascular anatomy of the nose and the external rhinoplasty approach. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1996;122(1):24–34.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lessard M, Daniel RK: Surgical anatomy of septorhinoplasty. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1985;111(1):25–29.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Tardy ME, Surgical Anatomy of the Nose, 1990, Raven Press, New York, NY.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Oneal RM, Beil RJ, Schlesinger J. Surgical Anatomy of the Nose. Otolaryngol Clin North Am, 32:1, 1999.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Griesman BL. The tip of the nose. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1952;31(10):551–553.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Letourneau A, Daniel RK. Superficial musculoaponeurotic system of the nose. Plast Reconstr Surg 1988;82(1):48–57.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Rohrich RJ, Gunter JP: Vascular basis for external approach to rhinoplasty. Surgical Forum 1990;13:240.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Zide BM: Nasal anatomy: The muscles and tip sensation. Aesthetic Plast Surg 1985;9(3):193–196.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Enlow DH: The Human Face: An Account of Post-Nasal Growth and Development of the Craniofacial Skeleton. New York, Hober, 1968.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Rees TD. Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, 1980 WB Saunders, Philadelphia PA.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Zingaro EA, Falces E: Aesthetic anatomy of the non-caucasian nose. Clin Plast Surg. 1987;14(4):749–765.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Converse JM: The cartilaginous structures of the nose. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 1955;64(1):220–229. PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Converse JM: Corrective surgery of nasal deviations. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1950;52(5):671–708. Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Toriumi DM, Johnson CM. Open structure rhinoplasty: featured technical points and long-term follow-up. Facial Plast Clin North Am 1993; 1:1–22.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Sheen JH, Sheen AP. Aesthetic rhinoplasty. St Louis: CV Mosby, 1987.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Toriumi DM. Structure approach in rhinoplasty. Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am. 2002 Feb;13(1):93–113.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Tebbets J. Personal approach to the nasal tip. Presented at the Seventh Annual Texas Rhinoplasty Symposium, Dallas, March 1990.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Natvig P, Sether LA, Gingrass RP, Gardner WD. Anatomical details of the osseous cartilaginous framework of the nose. Plast Reconstr Surg 1971;48(6):528–532.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Toriumi DM. New concepts in nasal tip contouring. Arch Facial Plast Surg. 2006;8(3):156–185.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Natalie P. Steele
    • 1
  • J. Regan Thomas
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck SurgeryUniversity of Illinois at ChicagoChicagoUSA

Personalised recommendations