Neural Correlates of Anticipation in Cerebellum, Basal Ganglia, and Hippocampus
Animals anticipate the future in a variety of ways. For instance: (a) they make motor actions that are timed to a reference stimulus and motor actions that anticipate future movement dynamics; (b) they learn to make choices that will maximize reward they receive in the future; and (c) they form memories of behavioral episodes such that the animal’s future actions can be predicted by current neural activity associated with those memories. Although these effects are clearly observable at the behavioral level, research into the mechanisms of such anticipatory learning are still largely in the early stages. This review, intended for those who have a computational background and are less familiar with neuroscience, addresses neural mechanisms found in the mammalian cerebellum, basal ganglia, and the hippocampus that give rise to such adaptive anticipatory behavior.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.