Water. At least with dilute anions Zn2+ is [Zn(H2O)6]2+, although the ligancy falls from six to four with much HClO4; cf. Br− below in 12.1.3. Zinc nitrate (6 H2O), halides (fluoride excepted), and chlorate are deliquescent; the sulfate (7 H2O) is efflorescent. Zinc basic carbonate, cyanide, oxalate, phosphate, arsenate, sulfide, periodate, hexacyanoferrate(II and III), and hexacyanocobaltate(III) are insoluble in water; the sulfite is sparingly soluble. Pure water (free of air) does not oxidize zinc. Zinc(2+) is hydrolyzed to Zn2(μ-OH)3+, Zn4(OH)4 4+ etc.
KeywordsMercury Dibromide Cadmium Oxalate Mercury Mercury Mercury Diiodide Zinc Basic Carbonate
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