Advertisement

An Immune-Inspired Approach to Speckled Computing

  • Despina Davoudani
  • Emma Hart
  • Ben Paechter
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4628)

Abstract

Speckled Computing offers a radically new concept in information technology that has the potential to revolutionise the way we communicate and exchange information. Specks — minute, autonomous, semi-conductor grains that can sense and compute locally and communicate wirelessly — can be sprayed into the atmosphere, onto surfaces or onto people, and will collaborate as programmable computational networks called SpeckNets which will pave the way to the goal of truly ubiquitous computing. Such is the vision of the Speckled Computing Project — however, although the technology to build such devices is advancing at a rapid rate, the software that will enable such networks to self-organise and function lags somewhat behind. In this paper, we present a framework for a self-organising SpeckNet based on Cohen’s model of the immune system. We further suggest that the application of immune inspired technologies to the rapidly growing field of pervasive computation in general, offers a distinctive niche for immune-inspired computing which cannot be filled by another other known technology to date.

Keywords

Wireless Sensor Network IEEE Computer Society Ubiquitous Computing Natural Immune System Clonal Selection Principle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Akyildiz, I.F., Su, W., Sankarasubramaniam, Y., Cayirci, E.: Wireless sensor networks: a survey. Computer Networks (Elsevier) Journal 38(4), 393–422 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Andrews, P.S., Timmis, J.: Inspiration for the next generation of artificial immune systems. In: Proceedings of the 4rth International Conference on Artificial Immune Systems. Banff, Alberta, Canada, pp. 126–138 (2005)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    MacGregor, F.: A spray-on computer is way to do IT. Article in The Evening News, The Edinburgh Paper (August 14, 2003) (retrieved May 28, 2007), http://edinburghnews.scotsman.com/index.cfm?id=891382003
  4. 4.
    Cohen, I.R.: The cognitive principle challenges clonal selection. Immunology Today 13(11), 441–444 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Cohen, I.R.: The cognitive paradigm and the immunological homunculus. Immunology Today 13(12), 490–494 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Cohen, I.R.: Tending Adam’s garden: evolving the cognitive immune self. Elsevier Academic Press, Amsterdam (2000)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Crockett, L.H., MacEwen, N.C., Pfann, E., Stewart, R.W.: A low power, digital transceiver for wireless sensor networks. In: Proceeding of the 2nd IEE/Eurasip Conference on DSP Enabled Radio, London, UK, pp. 18/1–18/6 (2005)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Dasgupta, D.: Advances in artificial immune systems. IEEE Computational Intelligence Magazine 1(4), 40–49 (2006)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    de Castro, L.N., Timmis, J.: Artificial immune systems: a new computational intelligence approach, pp. 54–56. Springer, Heidelberg (2002)zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Dressler, F., Krüger, B., Fuchs, G., German, R.: Self-organization in sensor networks using bio-inspired mechanisms. In: Proceedings of 18th ACM/GI/ITG International Conference on Architecture of Computing Systems - System Aspects in Organic and Pervasive Computing: Workshop Self-Organization and Emergence, Innsbruck, Austria, pp. 139–144. ACM Press, New York (2005)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Dressler, F.: Benefits of bio-inspired technologies for networked embedded systems: an overview. Dagstuhl Seminar 06031 on Organic Computing - Controlled Emergence (2006)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Estrin, D., Girod, L., Pottie, G., Srivastava, M.: Instrumenting the world with wireless sensor networks. In: International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing, vol. 4, pp. 2033–2036 (2001)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Garrett, S.M.: How do we evaluate artificial immune systems? Evolutionary Computation 13(2), 145–177 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Hart, E., Timmis, J.: Application areas of AIS: the past, the present and the future. In: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Artificial Immune Systems, Banff, Alberta, Canada, pp. 483–497 (2005)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Heidemann, J., Govindan, R.: An overview of embedded sensor networks. Technical Report ISI-TR-2004-594, USC/Information Sciences Institute (2004)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    IEEE Standard for Information Technology: IEEE Std 802.15.4-2003 (retrieved May 28, 2007), http://standards.ieee.org/getieee802/802.15.html
  17. 17.
    Kim, S., Pakzad, S., Culler, D., Demmel, J., Fenves, G., Glaser, S., Turon, M.: Poster abstract: wireless sensor networks for structural health monitoring. In: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Embedded Networked Sensor Systems, pp. 427–428 (2006)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Levis, P., Culler, D.: Maté: a tiny virtual machine for sensor networks. In: Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Architectural Support for Programming Languages and Operating Systems, pp. 85–95 (2002)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Mainwaring, A., Polastre, J., Szewczyk, R., Culler, D., Anderson, J.: Wireless sensor networks for habitat monitoring. In: Proceedings of the 1st ACM International Workshop on Wireless Sensor Networks and Applications, pp. 88–97. ACM Press, New York (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Martinez, K., Ong, R., Hart, J.: Glacsweb: a sensor network for hostile environments. In: First Annual IEEE Communications Society Conference on Sensor and Ad Hoc Communications and Networks, pp. 81–87. IEEE Computer Society Press, Los Alamitos (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    McNally, R., Wong, K.J., Arvind, D.K.: A distributed algorithm for logical location estimation in Speckled Computing. In: Proceedings of the IEEE Wireless Communications & Networking Conference, USA, vol. 3, pp. 1854–1859. IEEE Computer Society Press, Los Alamitos (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Simon, G., Maróti, M., Lédeczi, Á., Balogh, G., Kusy, B., Nádas, A., Pap, G., Sallai, J., Frampton, K.: Sensor network-based countersniper system. In: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Embedded Networked Sensor Systems, pp. 1–12 (2004)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Speckled Computing Consortium (retrieved May 28, 2007), http://www.specknet.org
  24. 24.
    Wong, K.J., Arvind, D.K.: Speckled Computing: disruptive technology for networked information appliances. In: Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Consumer Electronics, pp. 219–223. IEEE Computer Society Press, Los Alamitos (2004)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Wong, K.J., Arvind, D.K., Sharwood-Smith, N., Smith, A.: Specknet-based Responsive Environments. In: Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Consumer Electronics, Macau, pp. 334–338. IEEE Computer Society Press, Los Alamitos (2005)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Whyte, G., Buchanan, N., Thayne, I.: An omnidirectional, low cost, low profile, 2.45 GHz microstrip fed rectaxial antenna for wireless sensor network applications. In: IEE and IEEE Loughborough Antennas and Propagation Conference, IEEE Computer Society Press, Los Alamitos (2006)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Young, A., Ling, M., Arvind, D.K.: Orient-2: A realtime wireless posture tracking system using local orientation estimation. In: Proceedings of the Fourth Workshop on Embedded Networked Sensors (to appear, 2007)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Zambonelli, F., Van Dyke Parunak, H.: Signs of a revolution in computer science and software engineering. In: Engineering Societies in the Agents World III: Third International Workshop, Madrid, Spain, pp. 13–28 (2002)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Despina Davoudani
    • 1
  • Emma Hart
    • 1
  • Ben Paechter
    • 1
  1. 1.Napier University, ScotlandUK

Personalised recommendations