An Embedded Platform with Duty-Cycled Radio and Processing Subsystems for Wireless Sensor Networks

  • Zhong-Yi Jin
  • Curt Schurgers
  • Rajesh Gupta
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4599)

Abstract

Wireless sensor nodes are increasingly being tasked with computation and communication intensive functions while still subject to constraints related to energy availability. On these embedded platforms, once all low power design techniques have been explored, duty-cycling the various subsystems remains the primary option to meet the energy and power constraints. This requires the ability to provide spurts of high MIPS and high bandwidth connections. However, due to the large overheads associated with duty-cycling the computation and communication subsystems, existing high performance sensor platforms are not efficient in supporting such an option. In this paper, we present the design and optimizations taken in a wireless gateway node (WGN) that bridges data from wireless sensor networks to Wi-Fi networks in an on-demand basis. We discuss our strategies to reduce duty-cycling related costs by partitioning the system and by reducing the amount of time required to activate or deactivate the high-powered components. We compare the design choices and performance parameters with those made in the Intel Stargate platform to show the effectiveness of duty-cycling on our platform. We have built a working prototype, and the experimental results with two different power management schemes show significant reductions in latency and average power consumption compared to the Stargate.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhong-Yi Jin
    • 1
  • Curt Schurgers
    • 2
  • Rajesh Gupta
    • 1
  1. 1.UCSD Dept. of Computer Science & Eng 
  2. 2.UCSD Dept. of Electrical & Computer Eng 

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