Off-Line Learning with Transductive Confidence Machines: An Empirical Evaluation

  • Stijn Vanderlooy
  • Laurens van der Maaten
  • Ida Sprinkhuizen-Kuyper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4571)


The recently introduced transductive confidence machines (TCMs) framework allows to extend classifiers such that they satisfy the calibration property. This means that the error rate can be set by the user prior to classification. An analytical proof of the calibration property was given for TCMs applied in the on-line learning setting. However, the nature of this learning setting restricts the applicability of TCMs. In this paper we provide strong empirical evidence that the calibration property also holds in the off-line learning setting. Our results extend the range of applications in which TCMs can be applied. We may conclude that TCMs are appropriate in virtually any application domain.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stijn Vanderlooy
    • 1
  • Laurens van der Maaten
    • 1
  • Ida Sprinkhuizen-Kuyper
    • 2
  1. 1.MICC-IKAT, Universiteit Maastricht, P.O. Box 616, 6200 MD MaastrichtThe Netherlands
  2. 2.NICI, Radboud University Nijmegen, P.O. Box 9104, 6500 HE NijmegenThe Netherlands

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