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Common Structured Patterns in Linear Graphs: Approximation and Combinatorics

  • Guillaume Fertin
  • Danny Hermelin
  • Romeo Rizzi
  • Stéphane Vialette
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4580)

Abstract

A linear graph is a graph whose vertices are linearly ordered. This linear ordering allows pairs of disjoint edges to be either preceding (<), nesting (\(\sqsubset\)) or crossing (\(\between\)). Given a family of linear graphs, and a non-empty subset \(\mathcal{R} \subseteq \{<,\sqsubset,\between\}\), we are interested in the PBMCSP problem: Find a maximum size edge-disjoint graph, with edge-pairs all comparable by one of the relations in \(\mathcal{R}\), that occurs as a subgraph in each of the linear graphs of the family. In this paper, we generalize the framework of Davydov and Batzoglou by considering patterns comparable by all possible subsets \(\mathcal{R} \subseteq \{<,\sqsubset,\between\}\). This is motivated by the fact that many biological applications require considering crossing structures, and by the fact that different combinations of the relations above give rise to different generalizations of natural combinatorial problems. Our results can be summarized as follows: We give tight hardness results for the PBMCSP problem for \(\{<,\between\}\)-structured patterns and \(\{\sqsubset,\between\}\)-structured patterns. Furthermore, we prove that the problem is approximable within ratios: (i) Open image in new window for \(\{<,\between\}\)-structured patterns, (ii) k 1/2 for \(\{\sqsubset, \between\}\)-structured patterns, and (iii) \(\mathcal{O}(\sqrt{k \lg k})\) for \(\{<,\sqsubset,\between\}\)-structured patterns, where k is the size of the optimal solution and Open image in new window is the k-th harmonic number.

Keywords

Structure Pattern Linear Graph Longe Common Subsequence Longe Common Subsequence Disjoint Edge 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Guillaume Fertin
    • 1
  • Danny Hermelin
    • 2
  • Romeo Rizzi
    • 3
  • Stéphane Vialette
    • 4
  1. 1.LINA, Univ. Nantes, 2 rue de la Houssinière, NantesFrance
  2. 2.Dpt. Computer Science, Univ. Haifa, Mount Carmel, HaifaIsrael
  3. 3.DIMI, Univ. Udine, UdineItaly
  4. 4.LRI, UMR 8623, Univ. Paris-Sud, OrsayFrance

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