The Model of State and Church Relations and Its Impact on the Protection of Freedom of Conscience and Religion: A Comparative Analysis and a Case Study of Israel

  • Shimon Shetreet
Part of the Beiträge zum ausländischen öffentlichen Recht und Völkerrecht book series (BEITRÄGE, volume 190)


The prevailing view in comparative international law, including that of this author, used to be that the establishment of religion and its recognition by the state or the separation of religion from the state did not, as such, violate religious freedom or constitute unlawful discrimination for religious reasons or breed religious intolerance. However, in recent years this view has changed, as it has become clear that the secularist approach has often led to less openness and a reduced sensitivity to religious freedom. This can be seen in religious statutes regulating use of religious symbols in public space and government facilities.


Religious Freedom Conscientious Objector Free Exercise Religious Norm Religious Liberty 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Max-Planck-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaften e.V., to be exercised by Max-Planck-Institut für ausländisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht, Heidelberg 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shimon Shetreet
    • 1
  1. 1.Sacher Institute of Legislative Research and Comparative Law at the Faculty of LawHebrew UniversityIsrael

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