Being Together: User’s Subjective Experience of Social Presence in CMC Environments

  • Ha Sung Hwang
  • SungBok Park
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4550)


The concept of presence, or “being there,” has become a central issue for many researchers who study human-computer interaction. Although several dimensions of presence have been discussed in the literature, here we focus specifically on social presence as the feeling of “being together” in mediated communication environment by relating it to the three concepts: co-presence, mutual awareness and connectedness. We propose that this conceptualization is applicable to use in studying social interaction through various types of CMC technologies.


Social Presence Co-Presence Mutual Awareness Connectedness Computer-Mediated Communication 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ha Sung Hwang
    • 1
  • SungBok Park
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Journalism and Mass Communication, Hanyang University, 17 Haengdang-dong, Seongdong-gu, SeoulSouth Korea

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