Automatic Extraction and Classification of Vegetation Areas from High Resolution Images in Urban Areas

  • Corina Iovan
  • Didier Boldo
  • Matthieu Cord
  • Mats Erikson
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 4522)


This paper presents a complete high resolution aerial-images processing workflow to detect and characterize vegetation structures in high density urban areas. We present a hierarchical strategy to extract, analyze and delineate vegetation areas according to their height. To detect urban vegetation areas, we develop two methods, one using spectral indices and the second one based on a Support Vector Machines (SVM) classifier. Once vegetation areas detected, we differentiate lawns from treed areas by computing a texture operator on the Digital Surface Model (DSM). A robust region growing method based on the DSM is proposed for an accurate delineation of tree crowns. Delineation results are compared to results obtained by a Random Walk region growing technique for tree crown delineation. We evaluate the accuracy of the tree crown delineation results to a reference manual delineation. Results obtained are discussed and the influential factors are put forward.


Support Vector Machine Spectral Index Tree Crown Seed Point Aerial Image 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Berlin Heidelberg 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Corina Iovan
    • 1
    • 2
  • Didier Boldo
    • 1
  • Matthieu Cord
    • 2
  • Mats Erikson
    • 3
  1. 1.Institut Géographique National, Laboratoire MATIS, 2/4 avenue Pasteur, 94165 Saint-Mandé CedexFrance
  2. 2.Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Laboratoire d’Informatique de Paris VI, 8 rue du Capitaine Scott, 75015 ParisFrance
  3. 3.ARIANA Research Group, CNRS/INRIA/UNSA, 2004, route des Lucioles - BP 93, 06902 Sophia Antipolis CedexFrance

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