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Global Morphometric Maps of Mars, Venus, and the Moon

  • Igor V. Florinsky
Part of the Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography book series (LNGC)

Abstract

The paper examines capabilities of digital terrain modelling to analyse topography of Mars, Venus, and the Moon at the global scale. Digital elevation models with a resolution of 30 arc-minutes were used as initial data. Fifteen local, regional, and combined topographic variables were for the first time calculated and mapped for the entire surface of the celestial bodies. In terms of geomorphological and geological interpretation, the most useful were maps of horizontal and vertical curvatures as well as catchment and dispersive areas. On catchment area maps of Mars and Venus, it was possible to detect several helical structures encircling the planets from pole to pole. Their origin may be connected with palaeorotational planetary stresses. A map of topographic index may be used to study the spatial distribution of the water ice deposits in the Martian soil.

Keywords

digital terrain modelling surface geology planet 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Igor V. Florinsky
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Mathematical Problems of BiologyRussian Academy of SciencesPushchinoRussia

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