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Sommerfeld School

  • Michael Eckert

The development of scientific specialties is often related to scientific schools-from a historical perspective as much as from an epistemological vantage point. Quantum mechanics is not exceptional in this regard; its emergence was to a large extent a product of the scientific schools of Niels Bohr in Copenhagen, Max Born in Güttingen and Arnold Sommerfeld in Munich. A school is primarily a locally defined group under the influence of a charismatic teacher. Often this influence results in a common way of thinking, so that the school becomes also a thought collective in an epistemological sense. Not so, however, for Sommerfeld's school. From an epistemological perspective, Sommerfeld pupils like Peter Debye and Werner Heisenberg, for example, hardly belong to a common thought collective. Nevertheless, both are prominent representatives of Sommerfeld's school and contributed decisively to quantum theory.

Keywords

Zeeman Effect Advanced Student Epistemological Perspective Common Thought Attractive Center 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2009

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  • Michael Eckert

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