Bioinformatics Research and Development pp 466-478
Efficient Seeding Techniques for Protein Similarity Search
We apply the concept of subset seeds proposed in ? to similarity search in protein sequences. The main question studied is the design of efficient seed alphabets to construct seeds with optimal sensitivity/selectivity trade-offs. We propose several different design methods and use them to construct several alphabets. We then perform an analysis of seeds built over those alphabet and compare them with the standard Blastp seeding method [2,3], as well as with the family of vector seeds proposed in . While the formalism of subset seed is less expressive (but less costly to implement) than the accumulative principle used in Blastp and vector seeds, our seeds show a similar or even better performance than Blastp on Bernoulli models of proteins compatible with the common BLOSUM62 matrix.
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