Understanding the Complexity of Induced Subgraph Isomorphisms
We study left-hand side restrictions of the induced subgraph isomorphism problem: Fixing a class Open image in new window, for given graphs GOpen image in new window and arbitrary H we ask for induced subgraphs of H isomorphic to G.
For the homomorphism problem this kind of restriction has been studied by Grohe and Dalmau, Kolaitis and Vardi for the decision problem and by Dalmau and Jonsson for its counting variant.
We give a dichotomy result for both variants of the induced subgraph isomorphism problem. Under some assumption from parameterized complexity theory, these problems are solvable in polynomial time if and only if Open image in new window contains no arbitrarily large graphs.
All classifications are given by means of parameterized complexity. The results are presented for arbitrary structures of bounded arity which implies, for example, analogous results for directed graphs.
Furthermore, we show that no such dichotomy is possible in the sense of classical complexity. That is, if Open image in new window there are classes Open image in new window such that the induced subgraph isomorphism problem on Open image in new window is neither in Open image in new window nor Open image in new window-complete. This argument may be of independent interest, because it is applicable to various parameterized problems.
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