Breast Density Segmentation: A Comparison of Clustering and Region Based Techniques
This paper presents a comparison of two clustering based algorithms and one region based algorithm for segmenting fatty and dense tissue in mammographic images. This is a crucial step in order to obtain a quantitative measure of the density of the breast. The first algorithm is a multiple thresholding algorithm based on the excess entropy, the second one is based on the Fuzzy C-Means clustering algorithm, and the third one is based on a statistical analysis of the breast. The performance of the algorithms is exhaustively evaluated using a database of full-field digital mammograms containing 150 CC and 150 MLO images and ROC analysis (ground-truth provided by an expert). Results demonstrate that the use of region information is useful to obtain homogeneous region segmentation, although clustering algorithms obtained better sensitivity.
KeywordsMammographic Density Breast Density Excess Entropy Mammographic Image Cluster Base Algorithm
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