Improving Features Subset Selection Using Genetic Algorithms for Iris Recognition

  • Kaushik Roy
  • Prabir Bhattacharya
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 5064)

Abstract

In this paper, we propose an iris recognition method based on genetic algorithms (GA) to select the optimal features subset. The iris data usually contains huge number of textural features and a comparatively small number of samples per subject, which make the accurate iris patterns classification challenging. Feature selection scheme is used to identify the most important and irrelevant features from extracted features set of relatively high dimension based on some selection criterions. The traditional feature selection schemes require sufficient number of samples per subject to select the most representa-tive features sequence; however, it is not always practical to accumulate a large number of samples due to some security issues. In this paper, we propose GA to improve the feature subset selection by combining valuable outcomes from multiple feature selection methods. The main objective of GA is to achieve a balance among the recognition rate, the false accept rate, the false reject rate and the selected features subset size. This paper also motivates and introduces the use of Gaussian Mixture Model for iris pattern classification. The proposed technique is computationally effective with the recognition rates of 97.81 % and 96.23% on the ICE (Iris Challenge Evaluation) and the WVU (West Virginia University) iris datasets respectively.

Keywords

Biometrics Gaussian mixture model genetic algorithms collarette area localization 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kaushik Roy
    • 1
  • Prabir Bhattacharya
    • 1
  1. 1.Concordia Institute For Information Systems Engineering (CIISE)Concordia UniversityMontrealCanada

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