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Vitiligo pp 13-24 | Cite as

Epidemiology, Definitions and Classification

  • Alain TaïebEmail author
  • Mauro Picardo
Chapter

Core Messages

  • › Vitiligo occurs worldwide with an estimated overall prevalence of less than 0.5% in population-based studies.

  • › Vitiligo vulgaris/NSV (non-segmental vitiligo) is an acquired chronic pigmentation disorder characterized by white patches, often symmetrical, which usually increase in size with time, corresponding to a substantial loss of functioning epidermal, and sometimes hair follicle melanocytes.

  • › Segmental vitiligo (SV) is defined descriptively as for NSV, except for a unilateral distribution (“asymmetric vitiligo”) that may totally or partially match a cutaneous segment such as a dermatome, but not necessarily.

  • › NSV and SV may coexist, and in this case SV lesions are usually more refractory to treatment.

Keywords

Atopic Dermatitis Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis Mycosis Fungoides Pityriasis Versicolor Oculocutaneous Albinism 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Istituto Dermatologico San GallicanoRomaItaly
  2. 2.Service de Dermatologie De Dermatologie PédiatriqueCentre de référence des maladies rares de la Peau Hôpital Saint-AndréBordeauxFrance

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