Laparoscopic techniques for the removal of the gall bladder were first described in 1989, and laparoscopic cholecystectomy has now become the operation of choice in many centres for dealing with symptomatic gallstones. Initial concerns were raised about the number of common duct injuries with this technique (rates of up to 1% were reported), but improvements in training for this procedure have seen the prevalence of these injuries reduce to the same levels as seen in the open cholecystectomy era.
KeywordsCommon Bile Duct Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Gall Bladder Cystic Duct Biliary Tree
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