Bowel Obstruction in Neonates and Children

  • Alain Couture
Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)

Abstract

Neonatal occlusion of the small intestine and colon is dominated by malformative etiologies.

References

  1. Agrons, GA, Corse WR, Markowitz RI, Suarez ES, Perry DR (1996) Gastrointestinal manifestations of cystic fibrosis: radiologic pathologic correlation. Radiographics 16:871–893PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Aharon M, Kleinhaus U, Lichtig C (1978) Neonatal intramural intestinal calcifications associated with bowel atresia. AJR Am J Roentgenol 130:999–1000PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Ahlberg G, Bergdahl S, Rutqvist J, Soderquist C, Frenckner B (1997) Mechanical small bowel obstruction after conventional appendicectomy in children. Eur J Pediatr Surg 7:13–15PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Ai VH, Lam WW, Chan FL (1999) CT appearance of midgut volvulus with malrotation in a young infant. Clin Radiol 54:687–689PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Akgur FM, Tanyel FC, Buyukpamukcu N, Hicsonmez A (1991) Adhesive small bowel obstruction in children: the place and predictors of success for conservative treatments. J Pediatr Surg 26:37–41PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Akgur FM, Tanyel FC, Buyukpamukcu N, Hicsonmez A (1992) Anomalous congenital bands causing intestinal obstruction in children. J Pediatr Surg 27:471–473PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Akgur FM, Tanyel C; Buyukpamukcu N, Hicsonmez A (1992) Adhesive small bowel obstruction in children: predictors of vascular compromise of the intestine. Pediatr Surg Int 7:113–115Google Scholar
  8. Alexander F, Babak D, Goske M (2002) Use of intraluminal stents in multiple intestinal atresia. J Pediatr Surg 37:1–3Google Scholar
  9. Al Rayess M, Ambler MW (1992) Axonal dystrophy presenting as the megacystis-microcolon-intestinal hypoperistalsis syndrome. Pediatr Pathol 12:743–750Google Scholar
  10. Amiel J, Lyonnet S (2001) Hirschsprung disease, associated syndromes, and genetics: a review. J Med Genet 38:729–739PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Amir-Jahed AK (1968) Classification of reversed intestinal rotation. Surgery 64:1071–1074PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Amodio J, Berdon W, Abramson S, Stolar C (1986) Microcolon of prematurity: a form of functional obstruction. AJR Am J Roentgenol 146:239–244PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Amrani A, Zerhouni H, Hachimi MH, Ettayebi F, Benhammou M (2002) Small left colon syndrome in two newborn infants. Arch Fr Pediatr 9:917–920Google Scholar
  14. Anderson S, Savader B, Barnes J, Savader S (1988) Enterolithiasis with imperforate anus. Report of two cases with sonographic demonstration and occurrence in a female. Pediatr Radiol 18:130–133PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Andersson RE (2001) Small bowel obstruction after appendicectomy. Br J Surg 88:1387–1391PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Applegate KE, Goske MJ, Pierce G, Murphy D (1999) Situs revisited: imaging of the heterotaxy syndrome. Radiographics 19:837–852PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Arliss J, Holgersen LO (1990) Neonatal appendiceal perforation and Hirschsprung disease. J Pediatr Surg 26:694–695Google Scholar
  18. Assalia A, Schein M (1994) Abdominal ultrasonography for the diagnosis of strangulation of small bowel obstruction. Br J Surg 81:421–424Google Scholar
  19. Ashley LM, Allen S; Teele RL(2001) A normal sonogram does not exclude malrotation. Pediatr Radiol 31:354–356PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Astley R (1977) Less common disease patterns in the gastrointestinal tract with a special note on meconium ileus. Current Concepts in Pediatric Radiology. pp 48–58Google Scholar
  21. Athow AC, Filipe I, Drake DP (1990) Problems and advantages of acetylcholinesterase histochemistry of rectal suction biopsies in the diagnosis of Hirschsprung’s disease. J Pediatr Surg 25:520–526PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Atwell JD, Klidjian AM (1982) Vertebral anomalies and duodenal atresia. J Pediatr Surg 17:237–240PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Avni EF, Rypens E, Cohen E, Pardou A (1991) Pericholecystic hyperechogenicities in necrotizing enterocolitis: a specific sonographic sign? Pediatr Radiol 21:179–181PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Azarow K, Connolly B, Babyn P, Shemie SD, Eins S, Pearl R (1998) Multidisciplinary evaluation of the distended abdomen in critically ill infants and children: the role of bedside sonography. Pediatr Surg Int 13:355–359PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Baeza-Herrera C, Sanjuan-Fabian H, Salinas-Montes J, Garcia-Cabello LM, Ortiz-Zuniga AI (2004) Congenital transmesenteric hernia. Cir Cir 72:189–192PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Baltogiannis N, Mauridis G, Soutis M, Keramidas D (2003) Currarino triad associated with Hirschsprung’s disease. J Pediatr Surg 38:1086–1089PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Balthazar EJ, Birnbaum BA, Megibow AJ, Gordon RB, Whelan CA, Hulnick DH (1992) Closed loop and strangulation intestinal obstruction: CT signs. Radiology 185:769–775PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Baoquan Q, Diez-Pardo JA, Tovar JA (1995) Intestinal rotation in experimental congenital diaphragmatic hernia. J Pediatr Surg 30:1457–1462PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Barkan H, Webster S, Ozeran S (1995) Factors predicting the recurrence of adhesive small bowel obstruction. Am J Surg 170:361–365PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Barnewolt CE (2004) Congenital abnormalities of the gastrointestinal tract. Semin Roentgenol 39:263–281PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Bass KD, Rothenberg SS, Chang JHT (1998) Laparoscopic Ladd’s procedure in infants with malrotation. J Pediatr Surg 33:279–281PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Basu R, Burge DM (2004) The effect of antenatal diagnosis on the management of small bowel atresia. Pediatr Surg Int 20:177–179PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Baudon JJ, Josset P, Audry G, Benlagha N, Fresco O (1997) Sténoses intestinales au cours des entérocolites ulcéronécrosantes. Arch Pediatr 4:305–310PubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. Beasley SW, De Campo JF (1987) Pitfalls in the radiological diagnosis of malrotation. Australas Radiol 31:376–386PubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Beck De (1997) The role of Seprafilm bioresorbable membrane in adhesion prevention. Eur J Surg 577:56–62Google Scholar
  36. Beek FJ, Rovekamp MH, Bax NM, Donckerwolcke AM, Feldberg MA, Kramer PP (1990) Ultrasound findings in post operative jejuno-jejunal intussuception. Pediatr Radiol 20:601PubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. Beiler HA, Schmidt KG, Von Herbay A, Löffler W, Daum R (2001) Ischemic small bowel strictures in a case of incomplete kawasaki disease. J Ped Surg 36:648–650Google Scholar
  38. Belin B, Corteville JE, Langer JC (1995) How curate is prenatal sonography for the diagnosis of imperforate anus and Hirschsprung disease? Pediatr Surg Int 10:30–32Google Scholar
  39. Bell MJ, Ternberg J, Fengin RR, Keating JP, Marshall R, Barton L, Brotherton T (1978) Neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis: therapeutic decisions based on clinical staging. Ann Surg 187:1–7PubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. Bellini C, Mazzella M, Arioni C, Fondelli MP, Serra G (2002) «Apple-peel» intestinal atresia, ocular anomalies, and microcephalic syndrome: brain magnetic resonance imaging study. Am J Med Genet 110:176–178PubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. Bello TO, Fadiora SO (2004) Microcolon associated with multiple ileal atresia in a newborn infant. Case report and literature review. West Afr J Med 23:186Google Scholar
  42. Ben Cheikh A, Gorincour G, Dugougeat-Pilleul F, Dupuis S, Basset T, Pracros JP (2004) Gastric trichobezoar in an adolescent presenting with anemia: ultrasound and MRI findings. J Radiol 85:411–413PubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. Benson JM, King PA (1999) Multiple atresias in a low birth weight twin. J Pediatr Surg 34:1040–1042PubMedGoogle Scholar
  44. Berdon WE, Baker DH, Santulli TV, Amoury RA, Blanc WA (1968) Microcolon in newborn infants with intestinal obstruction. Its correlation with level and time of onset of obstruction. Radiology 90:875–885Google Scholar
  45. Berdon WE, Baker DH, Bull S, Santulli TV (1970) Midgut malrotation and volvulus. Which film are most helpful? Radiology 96:375–383PubMedGoogle Scholar
  46. Berdon WE, Baker DH, Wigger HJ, Mitsudo SM, Williams H, Kaufmann HJ, Shapiro L (1975) Calcified intraluminal meconium in newborn males with imperforate anus. Enterolithiasis in the newborn. AJR Am J Roentgenol 125:449–455Google Scholar
  47. Berdon WE, Baker DH, Blanc WA, Gay B, Santulli TV, Donovan C (1976) Megacystis-microcolon-intestinal hypoperistalsis syndrome: a new cause of intestinal obstruction in the newborn. Report of radiologic findings in 5 newborn girls. AJR Am J Roentgenol 126:957–964PubMedGoogle Scholar
  48. Berdon WE, Slovis TL, Campbell JB, Baker DH, Haller JO (1977) Neonatal small left colon syndrome: its relationship to aganglionosis and meconium plug syndrome. Radiology 125:457–462PubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. Berrocal T, Lamas M, Gutierrez J, Torres I, Prieto C, Del Hoxo ML (1999) Congenital anomalies of the small intestine, colon and rectum. Radiographics 19:1219–1236PubMedGoogle Scholar
  50. Berrocal T, Torres I, Gutierrez J, Prieto C, Del Hoyo ML, Lamas M (1999) Congenital anomalies of the upper gastrointestinal tract. Radiographics 19:855–872PubMedGoogle Scholar
  51. Bhatt AB, Tank PD, Barmade KG, Damania KR (2002) Abnormal Doppler flow velocimetry in the growth restricted foetus as a predictor for necrotising enterocolitis. JPMG 48:182–185Google Scholar
  52. Bilodeau A, Prasil P, Cloutier R, Laframboise R, Meguerditchian AN, Roy G, Leclerc S, Peloquin J (2004) Hereditary multiple intestinal atresia: thirty years later. J Pediatr Surg 39:726–730PubMedGoogle Scholar
  53. Bisset WH, Watt JB, Rivers RP, Milla PJ (1988) Ontogeny of fasting small intestinal motor activity in the human infant. Gut 29:483–488PubMedGoogle Scholar
  54. Blachar A, Federle MP, Dodson SF (2001) Internal hernia: clinical and imaging findings in 17 patients with emphasis on CT criteria. Radiology 218:68–74PubMedGoogle Scholar
  55. Bodard E, Monheim P, Machiels F, Mortelmans L (1994) CT of midgut malrotation presenting in an adult. J Comput Assist Tomogr 18:501–502PubMedGoogle Scholar
  56. Bolande RP (1973) The neurocristopathies: a unifying concept of disease arising in neural crest maldevelopment. Hum Pathol 5:409–429Google Scholar
  57. Bomelburg T, Von Lengerke HJ (1992) Intrahepatic and portal venous gas detected by ultrasonography. Gastrointest Radiol 17:237–240PubMedGoogle Scholar
  58. Bomelburg T, Von Lengerke HJ (1992) Sonographic findings in infants with suspected necrotizing enterocolitis. Eur J Radiol 15:149–153PubMedGoogle Scholar
  59. Born M, Holgersen LO, Shahrivar F, Stanley-Brown E, Hilfer C (1985) Routine contrast enemas for diagnosing and managing strictures following nonoperative treatment of necrotizing enterocolitis. J Pediatr Surg 20:461–463PubMedGoogle Scholar
  60. Botto LD, Khoury MJ, Mastroiacovo P, Castilla EE, Moore et al. (1997) The spectrum of congenital anomalies of the VATER association: an international study. Am J Med Genet 71:8–15PubMedGoogle Scholar
  61. Boudiaf M, Soyer P, Terem C, Pelage JF, Maissiat E, Rymer R (2001) CT evaluation of small bowel obstruction. Radiographics 21:613–624PubMedGoogle Scholar
  62. Boureau M, Prot D (1974) Valeur diagnostique des calcifications intrapéritonéales au cours de la péritonite méconiale. J Parisiennes Pédiatrie 149–152Google Scholar
  63. Bowen A, Mazer J, Zarabi M, Fujioka M (1984) Cystic meconium peritonitis: ultrasonographic features. Pediatr Radiol 14:18–22PubMedGoogle Scholar
  64. Boyle MP, Orens JB (2003) Distal intestinal obstruction syndrome after surgery in cystic fibrosis. Chest 124:2408–2409PubMedGoogle Scholar
  65. Brik R, Litmanovitz D, Berkowitz D, Shamir R, Rosenthal E, Shinawi M, Gershoni-Baruch R (2001) Incidence of familial mediterranean fever (FMF) mutations among children of mediterranean extraction with functional abdominal pain. J Pediatr 138:759–762PubMedGoogle Scholar
  66. Buonomo C (1997) Neonatal gastrointestinal emergencies. Radiol Clin North Am 35:845–864PubMedGoogle Scholar
  67. Buonomo C (1999) The radiology of necrotizing enterocolitis. Radiol Clin North Am 37:1187–1198PubMedGoogle Scholar
  68. Burge D, Drewett M (2004) Meconium plug obstruction. Pediatr Surg Int 20:108–110PubMedGoogle Scholar
  69. Burke MS, Ragi JM, Karamanoukian HL, Kotter M, Brisseau GF, Borowitz DS, Ryan ME, Irish MS, Glick PL (2002) New strategies in non operative management of meconium ileus. J Pediatr Surg 37:760–764PubMedGoogle Scholar
  70. Calisti A, Perrelli A, Nanni L, Vallasciani S, D’Urzo C, Molle P, Briganti V, Assumma M, De Carolis MP, Maragliano G (2004) Surgical approach to neonatal intestinal perforation. An analysis of 85 cases (1991-2001). Minerva Pediatr 56:335–339PubMedGoogle Scholar
  71. Caniano DA, Beaver BL (1987) Meconium ileus: a fifteen year experience with forty two neonates. Surgery 102:699–703PubMedGoogle Scholar
  72. Caniano DA, Teitelbaum DH, Qualman SJ (1990) Management of Hirschsprung’s disease in children with trisomy 21. Am J Surg 159:402–404PubMedGoogle Scholar
  73. Caprini JA, Arcelus JA, Swanson J, oats R, Hoffman K, Brosnan JJ, Blattner S (1995) The ultrasonic localization of abdominal wall adhesions. Surg Endosc 9:283–285PubMedGoogle Scholar
  74. Careskey JM, Grosfield JL, Weber TR (1982) Giant cysticmeconium peritonitis: improved management based on clinical and laboratory observations. J Pediatr Surg 17:482–489PubMedGoogle Scholar
  75. Carnevale E, Graziani M, Fasanelli S (1994) Post-operative ileo-ileal intussuception: sonographic approach. Pediatr Radiol 24:161–163PubMedGoogle Scholar
  76. Carroll BA, Moskowitz PS (1981) Sonographic diagnosis of neonatal meconium cyst. AJR Am J Roentgenol 137:1262–1264PubMedGoogle Scholar
  77. Carson JA, Barnes PD, Tunell WP, Smith EI, Jolley SG (1984) Imperforate anus: the neurologic implication of sacral abnormality. J Pediatr Surg 19:838–841PubMedGoogle Scholar
  78. Casaccia G, Trucchi A, Nahon A, Aite L, Lucidi V, Giorlandino C, Bagolan P (2003) The impact of cystic fibrosis on neonatal intestinal obstruction: the need for prenatal/ neonatal screening. Pediatr Surg Int 19:75–78PubMedGoogle Scholar
  79. Cass DL, Brandt ML, Patel DL, Nuchtern JC, Minifee PK, Wesson DE (2000) Peritonial drainage as definitive treatment for neonates with isolated intestinal perforation. J Pediatr Surg 35:1531–1536PubMedGoogle Scholar
  80. Chao HC, Kong MS, Chen JY, Lin SJ, Lin JN (2004) Sonographic features related to volvulus in neonatal intestinal malrotation. J Ultrasound Med 23:1375–1377Google Scholar
  81. Chavhan GB, Masrani S, Thakkar H, Hanchate V, Lazar J, Wasnik A, Sunnapwar A (2004) Sonographic in the diagnosis of pediatric gastrointestinal obstruction. J Clin Ultrasound 32:190–199PubMedGoogle Scholar
  82. Cheikhelard A, De Lagausie P, Garel C, Maintenant J, Vuillard E, Blot P, Aigrain Y (2000) Situs inversus and bowel malrotation: contribution of prenatal diagnosis and laparoscopy. J Pediatr Surg 35:1217–1219PubMedGoogle Scholar
  83. Chevallier P, Denys A, Schmidt S, Novellas S, Schnyder P, Bruneton JN (2004) Valeur du scanner dans l’occlusion mécanique de l’intestin grêle. J Radiol 85:541–551PubMedGoogle Scholar
  84. Cho KC, Hoffman-Tretin JC, Alterman DD (1989) Closed loop obstruction of the small bowel: CT and sonographic appearance. JCAT 13:256–258Google Scholar
  85. Choi M, Borenstein SH, Hornberger L, Langer JC (2005) Heterotaxia syndrome: the role of screening for intestinal rotation abnormalities. Arch Dis Child 90:813–815PubMedGoogle Scholar
  86. Chou CK, Mak CW, Wu RH, Chang JM (2005) Combined transmesocolic-transomental internal hernia. AJR Am J Roentgenol 184:1532–1534PubMedGoogle Scholar
  87. Ciftci AO, Tanyel FC, Buyukpamukcu N, Hicsonmez A (1995) Adhesive small bowel obstruction caused by familial mediterranean fever: the incidence and outcome. J Pediatr Surg 30:577–579PubMedGoogle Scholar
  88. Clark P, Ruess L (2005) Counterclockwise barberpole sign on CT: SMA/SMV variance without midgut malrotation. Pediatr Radiol 35:1125–1123PubMedGoogle Scholar
  89. Cohen HL, Haller JO, Mestel AL, Coren C, Schechter S, Eaton DH (1987) Neonatal duodenum: fluid aided US examination. Radiology 164:805–809PubMedGoogle Scholar
  90. Cohen MM (2003) Infants of diabetic mothers and neonatal small left colon. Am J Med Genet 122A:301–302Google Scholar
  91. Cooney DR, Rosevear W, Grosfeld JL (1976) Maternal and postnatal hypermagnesemia and the meconium plug syndrome. J Pediatr Surg 11:167–172PubMedGoogle Scholar
  92. Coren ME, Madden NP, Haddad M, Lissauer TJ (2001) Incarcerated inguinal hernia in premature babies: a report of two cases. Acta Paediatr 90:453–454PubMedGoogle Scholar
  93. Corsois L, Boman F, Sfeir R, Mention K, Michaud L, Poddevin F, Mestdagh P, Gottrand F (2004) Maladie de Hirschsprung à forme iléocolique associée à une malrotation intestinale. Arch Pediatr 11:1205–1208PubMedGoogle Scholar
  94. Costin B, Singleton E (1978) Bowel stenosis as a late complication of acute necrotizing enterocolitis. Radiology 128:435–438PubMedGoogle Scholar
  95. Couture A, Baud C, Ferran JL, Veyrac C (1996) Ischémies digestives de l’enfant: Doppler puisé et Doppler couleur. JEMU 17:271–279Google Scholar
  96. Cozza S, Ferrari FS, Stefani P, Saporetti N, Fagioli A, Lenucci U, Isolani G (1996) Ileal occlusion with strangulation: importance of ultrasonography findings of the dilated loop with intraluminal fluid resulting from sedimentation. Radiol Med 92:394–397Google Scholar
  97. Cox MR, Gunn IF, Eastman MC, Hunt RF, Heinz AW (1993) The safety and duration of non operative treatment for adhesive small bowel obstruction. Aust N Z J Surg 63:367–371PubMedGoogle Scholar
  98. Cowles RA, Berdon WE, Holt PD, Buanomo L, Stolar CJ (2006) Neonatal intestinal obstruction simulating meconium ileus in infants with long segment intestinal aganglionosis: radiographic findings that prompt the need for rectal biopsy. Pediatr Radiol 3:1–5Google Scholar
  99. Cremin BJ, Solomon DJ (1987) Ultrasonic diagnosis of duodenal diaphragm. Pediatr Radiol 17:489–490PubMedGoogle Scholar
  100. Crisera CA, Ginsburg HB, Gittes GK (1999) Fetal midgut volvulus presenting at term. J Pediatr Surg 34:1280–1281PubMedGoogle Scholar
  101. Czechowski J (1996) Conventional radiography and ultrasonography in the diagnosis of small bowel obstruction and strangulation. Acta Radiol 37:186–189PubMedGoogle Scholar
  102. Dahreddine M, Fremond B, Babut JM (1995) Digestive stenoses following ulceronecrotizing enterocolitis. Ann Chir 10:950–953Google Scholar
  103. Daneman A, Woodward S, De Silva M (1978) The radiology of neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis: a review of 47 cases and the literature. Pediatr Radiol 7:70–77PubMedGoogle Scholar
  104. Das K, Alladi A, Kini U, Babu MK, D’Cruz AJ (2001) Hirschsprung’s disease: associated rare congenital anomalies. Indian J Pediatr 68:835–837PubMedGoogle Scholar
  105. Dasgupta R, Langer JC (2004) Hirschsprung disease. Curr Probl Surg 41:942–988PubMedGoogle Scholar
  106. Das Narla L, Hingsbergen EA (2000) Total colonic aganglionosis-long segment Hirschsprung disease. Radiology 215:391–394PubMedGoogle Scholar
  107. Daudet M, Dodat H, Chappuis JP (1979) Functional intestinal obstructions in six newborn infants simulating Hirschsprung’s disease. Pediatrie 34:635–647PubMedGoogle Scholar
  108. David A, Roze JC, Remonds S, Branger B, Heloury Y (1992) Hypoglossia-hypodactylia syndrome with jejunal atresia in an infant of a diabetic mother. Am J Med Genet 43:882–884PubMedGoogle Scholar
  109. Davis WS, Parker AR, Favara BE, Slovis TL (1974) Neonatal small left colon syndrome. AJR Am J Roentgenol 120:322–329Google Scholar
  110. De Almeida PS, Penna FJ (2000) Chronic intestinal pseudo obstruction in children. Report of seven cases. J Pediatr 76:453–457Google Scholar
  111. De Baker AI, De Schepper AM, Deprettere A, Van Reempts P, Vaneerdeweg W (1999) Radiographic manifestations of intestinal obstruction in the newborn. JBR-BTR 82:159–166Google Scholar
  112. De Campo JF, Mayne V, Boldt D, De Campo M (1984) Radiological findings in total aganglionosis Coli. Pediatr Radiol 14:205–209PubMedGoogle Scholar
  113. Deeg KH, Rupprecht T, Schmid E (1993) Doppler sonography detection of increased flow velocity in the celiac trunk and superior mesenteric artery in infants with necrotizing enterocolitis. Pediatr Radiol 23:578–582PubMedGoogle Scholar
  114. Delabrousse E, Baulard R, Sarlievre P, Michalakis D, Rodiere E, Kastler B (2005) Le “feces sign”: valeur d’un signe TDM dans l’occlusion du grêle sur bride ou adhérences péritonéales. J Radiol 86:393–398PubMedGoogle Scholar
  115. De Lagausie P, Belharbi N, Aigrain Y (2001) Radiographic case of the month. Intermittent volvulus with intestinal malrotation diagnosed prenatally. Arch Pediatr 8:861–863PubMedGoogle Scholar
  116. De Lorijn FD, Voskuijl WP, Omari TI, Kok JH, Tarniniau JA, Benninga MA (2005) Assessment of the rectoanal inhibitory reflex in preterm infants with delayed meconium passage. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 40:434–437PubMedGoogle Scholar
  117. De Vries S, Sleeboom C, Aronson DC (1999) Postoperative intussusception in children. Br J Surg 86:81–83PubMedGoogle Scholar
  118. Diallo O, Le Dosseur P, Avni F, Dacher JN (2003) Imagerie de l’occlusion digestive chez l’enfant. Feuillets de Radiologie 43:241–254Google Scholar
  119. Diamond MP, Freeman ML (2001) Clinical implications of postsurgical adhesions. Hum Reprod Update 7:567–576PubMedGoogle Scholar
  120. Dijkstra FR, Nieuwenhuijzen M, Reijnen MM, Van Goor H (2000) Recent clinical developments in pathophysiology, epidemiology, diagnosis and treatment of intraabdominal adhesions. Scand J Gastroenterol Suppl 232:52–59PubMedGoogle Scholar
  121. Dilley AV, Pereira J, Shi EC, Adams S, Kern I, Currie B, Henry GM (2000) The radiologist says malrotation: does the surgeon operate? Pediatr Surg Inter 16:45–49Google Scholar
  122. Dimmitt RA, Moss RL (2000) Meconium diseases in infants with very low birth weight. Semin Pediatr Surg 9:79–83PubMedGoogle Scholar
  123. Ditchfield MR, Hutson JM (1998) Intestinal rotational abnormalities in polysplenia and asplenia syndromes. Pediatr Radiol 28:303–306PubMedGoogle Scholar
  124. Docherty JG, Zaki A, Coutts JA, Evans TJ, Carachi R (1992) Meconium ileus: a review. Pediatr J Surg 79:571–573Google Scholar
  125. Dodat H, Chappuis JP, Daudet M, Bertrix L, Eulry ML, Dalery F (1979) Les péritonites méconiales: commentaires à propos de 6 observations. Valeur diagnostique et pronostique des calcifications. Conséquences thérapeutiques. Chir Pediatr 20:21PubMedGoogle Scholar
  126. Donaldson JS, Black CT, Reynolds M, Sherman JO, Shkolnik A (1989) Ultrasound of the distal pouch in infants with imperforate anus. J Pediatr Surg 24:465–468PubMedGoogle Scholar
  127. Donnelly LE, Rencken IO, De Lorimer AA, Gooding CA (1996) Left paraduodenal hernia leading to ileal obstruction. Pediatr Radiol 26:534–536PubMedGoogle Scholar
  128. Doray B, Becheur F, Girard-lemaitre F, Schult C, Flori E (2002) Eosophageal and duodenal atresia in a girl with a 12q24.3-qter deletion. Clin Genet 61:468–471PubMedGoogle Scholar
  129. Downing GJ, Horner SR, Kibride HW (1991) Characteristics of prenatal cocaïne exposed infants with necrotizing enterocolitis. Am J Dis Child 145:26–27PubMedGoogle Scholar
  130. Dufour D, Delaet MH, Dassonville M, Cadranel S, Perlmutter N (1992) Midgut malrotation, the reliability of sonographic diagnosis. Pediatr Radiol 22:21–23PubMedGoogle Scholar
  131. Duncan A (2001) Quiz case. Eur J Radiol 37:120–122PubMedGoogle Scholar
  132. Duron JJ (2004) Brides et adhérences intraperitonales postoperatoires. Realités actuelles et futures. Ann Chir 129:487–488PubMedGoogle Scholar
  133. Eckoldt F, Heling KS, Woderich R, Kraft S, Bollmann R, Mau H (2003) Meconium peritonitis and pseudo cyst formation: prenatal diagnosis and postnatal course. Prenat Diagn 23:904–908PubMedGoogle Scholar
  134. Eggermont E (1996) Gastrointestinal manifestations in cystic fibrosis. Eur J Gastroenterol Hematol 8:731–738Google Scholar
  135. Ein SH, Shandling B, Reilly BJ, Stephens CA (1987) Bowel perforations with nonoperative treatment of meconium ileus. J Pediatr Surg 22:146–147PubMedGoogle Scholar
  136. Elhalaby EA, Coran AL, Blane CE, Hinschl RB, Teitelbaum DH (1995) Enterocolitis associated with Hirschsprung’s disease: a clinical histopathological correlative study. J Pediatr Surg 30:1023–1027PubMedGoogle Scholar
  137. Eliyahu S, Yanai N, Blondheim O, Reich D, Siplovich L, Shalev E (1994) Sonographicpresentation of Hirschsprung’disease. A case of an entirely aganglionic colon and ileum. Prenat Diagn 14:1170–1172PubMedGoogle Scholar
  138. Ellerbroek C, Smith WL (1986) Neonatal small left colon in an infant with cystic fibrosis. Pediatr Radiol 16:162–163PubMedGoogle Scholar
  139. Emil S, Nguyen T, Sills J, Padilla G (2004) Meconium obstruction in extremely low birth weight neonates: guidelines for diagnosis and management. J Pediatr Surg 39:731–737PubMedGoogle Scholar
  140. Emir H, Akman M, Sarimurat N, Kilic N, Erdogan E, Soylet Y (1999) Anorectal manometry during the neonatal period: its specificity in the diagnosis of Hirschsprung disease. Eur J Pediatr Surg 9:101–103PubMedGoogle Scholar
  141. Endo M, Hayashi A, Ishihara M, Maie M, Nagasaki A, Nishi T, Saeki M (1999) Analysis of 1992 patients with anorectal malformations over the past two decades in Japan. J Pediatr Surg 34:435–441PubMedGoogle Scholar
  142. Ermenc B (1999) A case of unexpected death of a 4 year old boy with paraduodenal hernia. J Forensic Sci Int 103:561–566Google Scholar
  143. Faingold R, Daneman A, Tomlinson G, Babyn PS, Manson DE, Mohanta A, Moore AM, Hellmann J, Smith C, Gerstle T, Kim H (2005) Necrotizing enterocolitis: assessment of bowel viability with color Doppler US. Radiology 235:587–594PubMedGoogle Scholar
  144. Faraci M, Dallorso S, Morreale G, Dini G, Castagnola E, Miano M, Canepa M, Rizzo A, Mattioli G, Gandullia P, Flore P, Marino C, Manfredini L, Lanino E (2004) Surgery for acute graft-versus-host disease of the bowel: description of a pediatric case. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol 26:441–443PubMedGoogle Scholar
  145. Farrugia MK, Morgan AS, McHugh K, Kiely EM (2003) Neonatal gastrointestinal perforation. Arch Dis Child. Fetal and neonatal Edition 88:F75Google Scholar
  146. Federici S, Domenichelli V, Antonellini C, Domini R (2003) Multiple intestinal atresia with Apple Peel syndrome: successful treatment by five end-to-end anastomoses, jejunostomy and transanastomotic silicone stent. J Pediatr Surg 38:1250–1252PubMedGoogle Scholar
  147. Ferre P, Bakchine H, Charitat JL, Fournet JP, Kleinchnecht D (1989) Volvulus du grêle sur malrotation chez un enfant de dix ans. Ann Pediatr 36:326–329Google Scholar
  148. Festen S, Brevoord JC, Goldhoorn GA, Festen C, Hazebroek FW, Van Heurn L, De Langer ZJ, Van Der Zee DC, Aronson DC (2002) Excellent long term outcome for survivors of Apple Peel atresia. J Pediatr Surg 37:61–65PubMedGoogle Scholar
  149. Fevang BT, Fevang J, Lie SA, Soreide O, Svanes KT, Viste A (2004) Long term prognosis after operation for adhesive small bowel obstruction. Ann Surg 240:193–201PubMedGoogle Scholar
  150. Fevang BT, Jensen D, Svanes K, Viste A (2002) Early operation or conservative management of patients with small bowel obstruction? Eur J Surg 168:475–481PubMedGoogle Scholar
  151. Filston HC, Kirks DR (1981) Malrotation. The ubiquitous anomaly. J Pediatr Surg 16:614–620PubMedGoogle Scholar
  152. Finkel LI, Slovis TL (1982) Meconium peritonitis. Intraperitonial calcifications and cystic fibrosis. Pediatr Radiol 12:92–93PubMedGoogle Scholar
  153. Fletcher BD, Ullish BS (1978) Intraluminal calcifications in the small bowel of newborn infants with total colonic aganglionosis. Radiology 126:451–455PubMedGoogle Scholar
  154. Fong KW, Ohlsson A, Hannah ME, Grisaru S, Kingdom J, Cohen H, Ryan M, Windrim R, Foster G, Amankwah K (1999) Prediction of perinatal outcome in fetuses suspected to have intrauterine growth restriction: Doppler US study of fetal cerebral, renal and umbilical arteries. Radiology 213:681–689PubMedGoogle Scholar
  155. Forster RE (1968) Physiologic basis of gas exchange in the gut. Ann N Y Acad Sci 150:4PubMedGoogle Scholar
  156. Fourcade L, Shima H, Miyazaki E, Puri P (2001) Multiple gastrointestinal atresias result from disturbed morphogenesis. Pediatr Surg Int 17:361–364PubMedGoogle Scholar
  157. Frager DH, Baer JW, Rothpearl A, Bossart PA (1995) Distinction between postoperative ileus and mechanical small bowel obstruction: value of CT compared with clinical and other radiographic findings. AJR Am J Roentgenol 164:891–894PubMedGoogle Scholar
  158. Frager D, Baer JW, Medwid SW, Rothpearl A, Bossart P (1996) Detection of intestinal ischemia in patients with acute small bowel obstruction due to adhesions or hernia: efficacy of CT. AJR Am J Roentgenol 166:67–71PubMedGoogle Scholar
  159. Frey EE, Smith W, Franken EA, Wintermeyer KA (1987) Analysis of bowel perforation in necrotizing enterocolitis. Pediatr Radiol 17:380–382PubMedGoogle Scholar
  160. Fujii AM, Brown E, Mirochnick M, O’ Brien S, Kaufman G (2002) Neonatal ncrotizing enterocolitis with intestinal perforation in extremely premature infants receiving early indomethacin treatment for patent ductus arteriosus. J Perinatology 22:535–540Google Scholar
  161. Fujioka M, Bowen A (1980) Cystic meconium peritonitis. Radiology 140:380Google Scholar
  162. Fujishiro E, Suzuki Y, Sato T, Kondo S, Miyachi M, Suzumori K (2004) Characteristic findings for diagnosis of baby complicated with the VACTERL association and duodenal atresia. Fetal Diagn Ther 19:134–137PubMedGoogle Scholar
  163. Fujimoto K, Nakamura K, Nishio H, Takashima S, Minakuchi K, Onoyama Y, Nomura K, Hayata S (1995) Whirl sign as CT finding in small bowel volvulus. Eur Radiol 5:555–557Google Scholar
  164. Fujita A, Takaya J, Takaya K, Ishihara T, Hamada Y, Harada Y, Nakamura M, Kobayashi Y (2003) Transmesenteric hernia: report of two patients with diagnosis emphasis on plain abdominal X-ray findings. Eur J Pediatr 162:147–149PubMedGoogle Scholar
  165. Furukawa A, Yamasaki M, Furuichi K, Yokoyama K, Nagata T, Takayashi M, Murata K, Sakamoto T (2001) Helical CT in the diagnosis of small bowel obstruction. Radiographics 21:341–355PubMedGoogle Scholar
  166. Gaines PA, Saunders JS, Drake D (1987) Midgut malrotation diagnosed by ultrasound. Clin Radiol 38:51–53 (erratum 38:558)PubMedGoogle Scholar
  167. Galifer RB (1990) L’occlusion néonatale. Pédiatrie 45:683–702PubMedGoogle Scholar
  168. Gariepy CE (2003) Genetic basis of Hirschsprung disease: implications in clinical practice. Mol Genet Metabol 80:66–73Google Scholar
  169. Garignon C, Paparel P, Liloku R, Lansiaux S, Basset T (2002) Mesenteric hernia: a rare cause of intestinal obstruction in children. J Pediatr Surg 37:1493–1494PubMedGoogle Scholar
  170. Garza-Cox S, Keeney SE, Angel CA, Thompson LL, Swischuk LE (2004) Meconium obstruction in the very low birth weight premature. Pediatrics 114:285–290PubMedGoogle Scholar
  171. Gavel G, Marven S, Evans MJ, Walker J, Vora AJ (2003) Obliterative enteritis complicating graft versus host disease. Bone Marrow Transplant 32:1097–1098PubMedGoogle Scholar
  172. Gellen B, Kovacs J, Nemeth L, Nemeth P, Vagvolgyi J, Bari F, megyeri P, Pinter S, Temesvari P, Deli MA, Vecsernyes M, Szilvassy Z, Koltai M, Abraham CS (2003) Vascular changes play a role in the pathogenesis of necrotizing enterocolitis in asphyxiated newborn pigs. Pediatr Surg Int 19:380–384PubMedGoogle Scholar
  173. Geoffray A, Montagne JP, Gruner M, Faure C (1984) Apport de la radiologie au diagnostic des volvulus par anomalie de rotation mésentérique. Arch Fr Pediatr 41:249–253PubMedGoogle Scholar
  174. Gnananayagam EJ, Solomon R, Chandran A, Anbarasi S, Sen S, Moses PD (2003) Long segment Hirschsprung’s disease in the Waardenburg-Shah syndrome. Pediatr Surg Int 19:501–503PubMedGoogle Scholar
  175. Gobet R, Sacher P, Schwobel MG (1994) Surgical procedures in colonic strictures after necrotizing enterocolitis. Acta Paediatr 396[suppl]:77–79Google Scholar
  176. Goldberg RB, Shprintzen RJ (1981) Hirschsprung megacolon and cleft palate in two sibs. J Craniofac Genet Dev Biol 1:185–189PubMedGoogle Scholar
  177. Gollin G, Abarbanell A, Baerg JE (2003) Peritoneal drainage as definitive management of intestinal perforation in extremely low birth weight infants. J Pediatr Surg 38:1814–1817PubMedGoogle Scholar
  178. Goske MJ, Goldblum JR, Applegate KE, Mitchell CS, Bardo D (1999) The «circle sign»: a new sonographic sign of pneumatosis intestinalis: clinical, pathologic and experimental findings. Pediatr Radiol 29:530–535PubMedGoogle Scholar
  179. Goto S, Ikeda K, Nagasaki A, Toyohara T (1984) Histochemical acetylcholinesterase reactions in total colonic aganglionosis. Jpn J Surg 14:305–310PubMedGoogle Scholar
  180. Gough IR (1978) Strangulating adhesive small bowel obstruction with normal radiographs. Br J Surg 65:431–434PubMedGoogle Scholar
  181. Goulet O, Jobert-Giraud A, Michel JL, Jaubert F, Lortat-Jacob S, Colomb V (1999) Chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction syndrome in pediatric patients. Eur J Pediatr Surg 9:83–89PubMedGoogle Scholar
  182. Goulet O, Ruemmelle F, Lacaille F, Columb V (2004) Irreversible intestinal failure. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 38:250–269PubMedGoogle Scholar
  183. Gowen GF (2003) Long tube decompression is successful in 90% of patients with adhesive small bowel obstruction. Am J Surg 185:512–515PubMedGoogle Scholar
  184. Grassi R, Romano S, D’Amario F, Rossi AG, Romano L, Pinto F, Dimizio R (2004) The relevance of free fluid between intestinal loops detected by sonography in the clinical assessment of small bowel obstruction in adults. Eur J Radiol 50:5–14PubMedGoogle Scholar
  185. Greenholz SK, Perez C, Wesley JR, Marr CC (1996) Meconium obstruction in the markedly premature infant. J Pediatr Surg 31:117–120PubMedGoogle Scholar
  186. Grunshaw ND, Renwick IGH, Scarisbrick G, Nasmyth DG (2000) Prospective evaluation of ultrasound in distal ileal and colonic obstruction. Clin Radiol 55:356–362PubMedGoogle Scholar
  187. Gutt CN, Oniu T, Schemmer P, Mehrabi A, Buchler MW (2004) Fewer adhesions induced by laparoscopic surgery? Surg Endosc 18:898–906PubMedGoogle Scholar
  188. Haber HP, Schlegel PG, Dette S, Ruck P, Klingebiel T, Niethammer D (2000) Intestinal acute graft-versus-host disease. Findings on sonography. AJR Am J Roentgenol 174:118–120PubMedGoogle Scholar
  189. Haber HP, Stern M (2000) Intestinal ultrasonography in children and young adults: bowel wall thickness is age dependent. J Ultrasound Med 19:315–321PubMedGoogle Scholar
  190. Haddad GG, Mazza NM, Defendini R, Blanc WA, Driscoll JM, Epsein MA, Epstein RA, Mellins RB (1978) Congenital failure of automatic control of ventilation, gastrointestinal motility and heart rate. Medicine 57:517–526PubMedGoogle Scholar
  191. Hager J, Menardi G (1989) Anomalies associées aux malformations anorectales. A propos de 67 cas. Chir Pediatr 30:14–16PubMedGoogle Scholar
  192. Han T, Kim IO, Kim WS, Chung JY, Choeh K, Song MK, Yoon YG (2000) US identification of the anal sphincter complex and levator ani muscle in neonates: infracoccygeal approach. Radiology 217:392–394PubMedGoogle Scholar
  193. Han T, Kim 10, Kim WS (2003) Imperforate anus: US determination of the type with infracoccygeal approach. Radiology 228:226–229PubMedGoogle Scholar
  194. Hartman GE, Drugas GT, Shochat SJ (1988) Post necrotizing enterocolitis strictures presenting with sepsis or perforation: risk of clinical observation. J Pediatr Surg 23:562–566PubMedGoogle Scholar
  195. Hayakawa K, Hamanaka Y, Suzuki M, Nakatsu M, Nishimura K, Tanaka M, Yamamoto E, Mukaihara S, Hojo M, Shimizy T, Takasu K, Shimotake T (2003) Radiological findings in total colon aganglionosis and allied disorders. Radiat Med 21:128–134PubMedGoogle Scholar
  196. Hayden CK, Boulden TF, Swischuk LE, Lobe TE (1984) Sonographic demonstration of duodenal obstruction with midgut volvulus. AJR Am J Roentgenol 143:9–10PubMedGoogle Scholar
  197. Heij HA, Moorman-Voestermans CG, Vos A (1990) Atresia of jejunum and ileum: is it the same disease? J Pediatr Surg 25:635–637PubMedGoogle Scholar
  198. Henry MC, Moss RL (2004) Current issues in the management of necrotizing enterocolitis. Semin Perinatol 28:221–233PubMedGoogle Scholar
  199. Hernanz-Schulman M (1999) Imaging of neonatal gastrointestinal obstruction. Radiol Clin North Am 37:1163–1185PubMedGoogle Scholar
  200. Hipolito R, Haight M, Dubois J, Milstein J, Goetzman B (2001) Gastroschisis and Hirschsprung’s disease: a rare combination. J Pediatr Surg 36:638–640PubMedGoogle Scholar
  201. Holcomb GN, Ross AJ, O’Neill JA (1991) Postoperative intussusception: increasing frequency or increasing awareness? South Med J 84:1334–1339PubMedGoogle Scholar
  202. Holland AJ, Shun A, Martin HC, Cooke-Yarborough C, Holland J (2003) Small bowel perforation in the premature neonate: congenital or acquired? Pediatr Surg Int 19:489–494PubMedGoogle Scholar
  203. Horwitz JR, Lally KP, Cheu HW, Vazquez WD, Grosfeld JL, Ziegler MM (1995) Complications after surgical intervention for necrotizing enterocolitis: a multicenter review. J Pediatr Surg 30:994–999PubMedGoogle Scholar
  204. Huang YC, Chen HL, Hsu WH, Chen SJ, Lai MW, Chang MH (2001) Left paraduodenal hernia presenting as intestinal obstruction: report of one case. Acta Paediatr Taiwan 42:171–174Google Scholar
  205. Hussain SM, Meradji M, Robben SGF, Hop WCJ (1991) Plain Film diagnosis in meconium plug syndrome, meconium ileus and neonatal Hirschsprung disease. Pediatr Radiol 21:556–559PubMedGoogle Scholar
  206. Hwang H, Murphy JJ, Gow KW, Magee JF, Bekuit E, Jamieson D (2003) Are localized intestinal perforations distinct from necrotizing enterocolitis? J Pediatr Surg 38:763–767PubMedGoogle Scholar
  207. Ikehara O (1992) Vincristine-induced paralytic ileus: role of fiberoptic colonoscopy and prostaglandin F2 alpha. Am J Gastroenterol 87:207–210PubMedGoogle Scholar
  208. Imamoglu M, Cay A, Sahiran H, Sen Y (2004) Rare clinical presentation mode of intestinal malrotation after neonatal period: malabsorption-like symptoms due to chronic midgut volvulus. Pediatr Intern 46:167–170Google Scholar
  209. Ito Y, Donahoe PK, Hendren WH (1977) Maturation of the rectoanal response in premature and perinatal infants. J Pediatr Surg 12:477–482PubMedGoogle Scholar
  210. Jabra AA, Eng J, Zaleski CG, Abdenour GE, Vuong HV, Aideyan HO, Fishman EK (2001) CT of small bowel obstruction in children. Sensibility and specificity. AJR Am J Roentgenol 177:431–436PubMedGoogle Scholar
  211. Jaile J, Levin T, Wung J, abramson SJ, Ruzal-Shapiro C, Berdon WE (1992) Benign gaseous distension of the bowel in premature infants treated with nasal continous airway pressure: a study of contributing factors. AJR Am J Roentgenol 158:125–127PubMedGoogle Scholar
  212. Janik JS, Ein SH, Filler RM, Shandling B, Simpson JS, Stephens LA (1981) An assessment of the surgical treatment of adhesive small bowel obstruction in infants and children. J Pediatr Surg 16:225–235PubMedGoogle Scholar
  213. Janik JP, Wayne ER, Janik JS, Price MR (1997) Ileal atresia with total colonic aganglionosis. J Pediatr Surg 32:1502–1503PubMedGoogle Scholar
  214. Jimenez JC, Emil S, Podnos Y, Nguyen N (2004) Annular pancreas in children: a recent decade’s experience. J Pediatr Surg 39 1654–1657PubMedGoogle Scholar
  215. Johnson JF, Cronk RL (1980) The pseudotransition zone in long segment Hirschsprung’s disease. Pediatr Radiol 10:87–89PubMedGoogle Scholar
  216. Jolley SG, Tunell WP, Hoelzer DJ, Smith EI (1986) Postoperative small bowel obstruction in infants and children: a problem following Nissen fundoplicature. J Pediatr Surg 21:407–409PubMedGoogle Scholar
  217. Jorgensen JO, Lalak NJ, Hunt DR (1995) Is laparoscopy associated with a lower rate of postoperavite adhesions than laparotomy? A comparative study in the rabbit. Austr N Z J Surg 65:342–344Google Scholar
  218. Kalayoglu M, Sieber WK, Rodnan JB, Kiesewetter WB (1971) Meconium ileus: a critical review of treatment and eventual progress. J Pediatr Surg 6:290–300PubMedGoogle Scholar
  219. Kallen K, Mastroiacovo P, Castilia EE, Robert E, Kallen B (2001) VATER non-random association of congenital malformations: study based on data from four malformation registers. Am J Med Genet 101:26–32PubMedGoogle Scholar
  220. Kao SC, Franken EA (1995) Non operative treatment of simple meconium ileus: a survey of the Society for Pediatric Radiology. Pediatr Radiol 25:97–100PubMedGoogle Scholar
  221. Kapfer SA, Rappold JF (2004) Intestinal malrotation: not just the pediatric surgeon’s probleme. J Am Coll Surg 199:628–635PubMedGoogle Scholar
  222. Karnak I, Ciftci AO, Senocak ME, Tanyel FC, Buyukpamukcu N (2001) Colonic atresia: surgical management and outcome. Pediatr Surg Int 17:631–635PubMedGoogle Scholar
  223. Kasbi NA, Bellagha I, Hammou A (2004) Occlusion neonatale. Apport de l’imagerie; Journal de Pédiatrie et de Puériculture. 17:112–119Google Scholar
  224. Kassner EG, Kottmeier PK (1975) Absence and retention of small bowel gas in infants with midgut volvulus: mechanisms and significance. Pediatr Radiol 4:28–30PubMedGoogle Scholar
  225. Keegan CE, Vilain E, Mohammed M, Lehoczky J, Dobyns WB, Archer SM, Innis JW (2004) Microcephaly, jejunal atresia, aberrant right bronchus, ocular anomalies and XY sex reversal. Am J Med Genet 125 A:293–298Google Scholar
  226. Kempley ST, Gamsu HR (1992) Superior mesenteric artery blood flow velocity in necrotizing enterocolitis; Arch Dis Child 67:793–796PubMedGoogle Scholar
  227. Khoshoo V, Udall J (1994) Meconium ileus equivalent in children and adults. Am J Gastroenterol 89:153–157PubMedGoogle Scholar
  228. Kilic N, Buyukunal C, Dervisoglu S, Erdil TY, Altiok E (2000) Maternal cocaïne abuse resulting in necrotizing enterocolitis. An experimental study in a rat model. II. Results of perfusion study. Pediatr Surg Int 16:176–178PubMedGoogle Scholar
  229. Kim JH, Ha HK, Sohn MJ, Kim AY, Kim TK, Kim PN, Lee MG, Myung SJ, Yang SK, Jung HY (2003) CT findings of phytobezoar associated with small bowel obstruction. Eur Radiol 13:299–304PubMedGoogle Scholar
  230. Kim IO, Han T, Kim WS, Yeon KM (2000) Transperineal ultrasonography in imperforate anus: identification of the internal fistula. J Ultrasound Med 19:211–216PubMedGoogle Scholar
  231. Kim WY, Kim WS, Kim IO, Kwon TH, Chang W, Lee EK (2005) Sonographic evaluation of neonates with early-stage necrotizing enterocolitis. Pediatr Radiol 35:1056–1061PubMedGoogle Scholar
  232. Kimble RM, Harding J, Kolbe A (1997) Additional congenital anomalies in babies with gut atresia or stenosis: when to investigate and which investigation. Pediatr Surg Int 12:565–570PubMedGoogle Scholar
  233. Kimble RM, Harding JE, Kolbe A (1998) Does gut atresia cause polyhydramnios? Pediatr Surg Int 13:115–115PubMedGoogle Scholar
  234. Klein MD, Coran AG, Wesley JR, Drongowski RA (1984) Hirschsprung’s disease in the newborn. J Pediatr Surg 19:370–374PubMedGoogle Scholar
  235. Klein SA, Martin H, Schreiber-Dietrich D, Hermann S, Caspary WF, Hoelzer D, Dietrich CF (2001) A new approach to evaluating intestinal acute graft-versus-host disease by transabdominal sonography and colour Doppler imaging. Br J Haematol 115:929–934PubMedGoogle Scholar
  236. Kleinman PK, Winchester P, Meyers MA, Abbott G (1977) The neonatal colon: an anatomic approach to plain films. AJR Am J Roentgenol 128:61–64PubMedGoogle Scholar
  237. Kluth D, Kaestner M, Tibboel D, Lambrecht W (1995) Rotation of the gut: fact or fantasy? J Pediatr Surg 30:448–453PubMedGoogle Scholar
  238. Knechtle SJ, Filston HC (1990) Anomalies biliary ducts associated with duodenal atresia. J Pediatr Surg 25:1266–1269PubMedGoogle Scholar
  239. Ko YT, Lim JH, Lee DH, Lee HW, Lim JW (1993) Small bowel obstruction: sonographic evaluation. Radiology 188:649–653PubMedGoogle Scholar
  240. Kolawole TM, Bankole MA, Olurin EO, Familusi JB (1973) Meconium peritonitis presenting as giant cysts in neonates. Br J Radiol 46:964PubMedGoogle Scholar
  241. Komuro H, Makino SI, Tahara K (2000) Choledochal cyst associated with duodenal obstruction. J Pediatr Surg 35:1259–1262PubMedGoogle Scholar
  242. Komuro H, Amagai T, Hori T, Hirai M, Matoba K, Watanabe M, Kaneko M (2004) Placenta vascular compromise in jejunoileal atresia. J Pediatr Surg 39:1701–1705PubMedGoogle Scholar
  243. Komuro H, Hori T, Amagai T, Hirai M, Yotsumoto K, Urita Y, Gotoh C, Kaneko M (2004) The etiologic role of intrauterine volvulus and intussusception in jejunoileal atresia. J Pediatr Surg 39:1812–1814PubMedGoogle Scholar
  244. Konings-Beetstra EI, Van Der Jagt EJ (1990) Malrotation of the midgut: a rare complication in an adult patient. Eur J Radiol 11:73–77PubMedGoogle Scholar
  245. Kosloske AM, Burnstein J, Bartow SA (1980) Intestinal obstruction due to colonic stricture following neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis. Ann Surg 192:202–207PubMedGoogle Scholar
  246. Kotobi H, Gallot D (2004) Complications des anomalies embryologiques de la rotation intestinale: prise en charge chez l’adulte. Chirurgie 1:413–425Google Scholar
  247. Krahenbuhl L, Schafer M, Kuzinkovas V, Renzulli P, Baer HU, Buchler MW (1998) Experimental study of adhesion formation in open and laparoscopic fundoplication. Br J Surg 85:826–830PubMedGoogle Scholar
  248. Krasna IH, Rosenfeld D, Salerno P (1996) Is it necrotizing enterocolitis, microcolon of prematurity or delayed meconium plug? A dilemma in the tiny premature infant. J Pediatr Surg 31:855–858PubMedGoogle Scholar
  249. Krol CM, Karol I, Khalil H, Shah S (2001) Small bowel obstruction due to migratory trichobezoar in a child. AJR Am J Roentgenol 177:255–256PubMedGoogle Scholar
  250. Kubota M, Ikeda K, Ito Y (1989) Autonomic innervation of the intestine from a baby with megacystis-microcolonintestinal hypoperistalsis syndrome. II. Electrophysiological study. J Pediatr Surg 24:1267–1270PubMedGoogle Scholar
  251. Kubota M, Suita S, Kamimura T, Ito Y, Szurszewski JH (2002) Electrophysiological properties of the aganglionic segment in Hirschsprung’s disease. Surgery 131:S288–S293PubMedGoogle Scholar
  252. Kuga T, Taniguchi S, Inoue T, Zempo N, Esato K (2000) The occurrence of a strangulated ileus due to a traumatic transmesenteric hernia: report of a case. Surg Today 30:548–550PubMedGoogle Scholar
  253. Kume Y, Fumino S, Shimotake T, Iwai N (2004) Intestinal malrotation with midgut volvulus in a 10 year old girl. J Pediatr Surg 39:783–784PubMedGoogle Scholar
  254. Lambrecht W, Kluth D (1998) Hereditary multiple atresias of the gastrointestinal tract: report of a case and review of the literature. J Pediatr Surg 33:794–797PubMedGoogle Scholar
  255. Lamireau T, Millon A, Sarlangue J, Fayon M, Lianas B, Babin JP, Galperine RI, Demarquez JC (1993) Le syndrome de pseudo-obstruction intestinale transitoire du premature. Arch Fr Pediatr 50:301–306PubMedGoogle Scholar
  256. Lamireau T, Lianas B, Chateil JF, Sarlangue J, Cavaert-Jouanolou MH, Vergnes P, Galperine RI, Demarquez JL (1996) Increasing frequency and diagnostic difficulties in intestinal stenosis after necrotizing enterocolitis. Arch Pediatr 3:9–15PubMedGoogle Scholar
  257. Lane W, Zanol K (2000) Duodenal atresia, biliary atresia, and intestinal infarct in truncal aplasia cutis congenita. Pediatr Dermatol 17:290–292PubMedGoogle Scholar
  258. Lang I, Daneman A, Cutz E, Hagen P, Shandling B (1997) Abdominal calcification in cystic fibrosis with meconium ileus: radiologic-pathologie correlation. Pediatr Radiol 27:523–527PubMedGoogle Scholar
  259. Lapointe SP, Rivet C, Goulet O, Fekete CN, Lortat-Jacob S (2002) Urological manifestations associated with chronic intestinal pseudo-obstructions in children. J Urol 168:1768–1770PubMedGoogle Scholar
  260. Lauer JD, Cradock TV (1982) Meconium pseudocyst: prenatal sonographic and antenatal radiologic correlation; J Ultrasound Med 1:322–335Google Scholar
  261. Lee-Elliott C, Landells W, Keane A (2002) Using CT to reveal traumatic ischemic stricture of the terminal ileum. AJR Am J Roentgenol 178:403–404PubMedGoogle Scholar
  262. Leonidas JC, Berdon WE, Baker DH, Santulli TV (1970) Meconium ileus and its complications. AJR Am J Roentgenol 108:598–609Google Scholar
  263. Leonidas JC, Magid N, Soberman N, Glass TS (1991) Midgut volvulus in infants: diagnosis with US. Work in progress. Radiology 179:491–493PubMedGoogle Scholar
  264. Lessin MS, Luks FJ, Wesselhoeft CW, Gilchrist BF, Iannitti D, Deluca FG (1998) Peritoneal drainage as definitive treatment for intestinal perforation in infants with extremely low birth weight (<750 g). J Pediatr Surg 35:856–859Google Scholar
  265. Levin TL, Liebling MS, Ruzal-Shapiro C, Berdon WE, Stolar CJ (1995) Midgut malfixation in patients with congenital diaphragmatic hernia. What is the risk of midgut volvulus? Pediatr Radiol 25:259–261PubMedGoogle Scholar
  266. Lienemann A, Sprenger D, Steitz HO, Korell M, Reiser M (2000) Detection and mapping of intraabdominal adhesions by using functional cine MR imaging: preliminary results. Radiology 217:421–425PubMedGoogle Scholar
  267. Lindley S, Mollitt DL, Seibert JJ, Golladay ES (1986) Portal vein ultrasonography in the early diagnosis of necrotizing enterocolitis. J Pediatr Surg 21:530–532PubMedGoogle Scholar
  268. Liu C, Wu TC, Tsai HL, Chin T, Wei C (2005) Obstruction of the proximal jejunum by an anomalous congenital band. A case report. J Pediatr Surg 40:27–29Google Scholar
  269. Loberant N, Szvalb S, Herskovits M, Cohen I, Salamon V (1997) Posttraumatic intestinal stenosis: radiographic and sonographic appearance. Eur Radiol 7:524–526PubMedGoogle Scholar
  270. Lobo E, Daneman A, Fields JM, Keller MS, Alton DJ, Shandling B (1997) The diagnosis of malrotation during air enema procedure. Pediatr Radiol 27:606–608PubMedGoogle Scholar
  271. Long FR, Kramer SS, Markowitz RI, Taylor GE, Liacouras CA (1996) Intestinal malrotation in children: tutorial on radiogaphic diagnosis in difficult cases. Radiology 198:775–780PubMedGoogle Scholar
  272. Long FR, Kramer SS, Markowitz RI, Taylor GE (1996) Radiographic patterns of intestinal malrotation in children. Radiographics 16:547–556PubMedGoogle Scholar
  273. Lorda-Sanchez I, Ayuso C, Ibanez A (2000) Situs inversus and Hirschsprung disease: two uncommon manifestations in Bardet Biedl syndrome. Am J Med Genet 90:80–81PubMedGoogle Scholar
  274. Louw JH (1955) Congenital intestinal atresia and severe stenosis in the newborn. S Afr Clin Sci 3:109Google Scholar
  275. Loyer F, Ecgli D (1989) Sonographic evaluation of superior mesenteric vascular relationship in malrotation. Pediatr Radiol 19:173–175PubMedGoogle Scholar
  276. Low FN, Hilderman WC (1940) A case of hyper rotation of the colon. Anat Rec 77:27–30Google Scholar
  277. Luis AL, Hernandez F, Rivas S, Avila LF, Encinas JL, Martinez L, Lassaletta L, Tovar JA (2004) Midgut malrotation risk in abdominal wall defect. Cir Pediatr 17:125–128PubMedGoogle Scholar
  278. Maayan-Metzger A, Itzchak M, Mazkereth R, Kuint J (2004) Necrotizing enterocolitis in full-term infants: casecontrol study and review of the litterature. J Perinatol 24:494–499PubMedGoogle Scholar
  279. Macari M, Balthazar EJ (2001) CT of bowel wall thickening. AJR Am J Roentgenol 176:1105–1116PubMedGoogle Scholar
  280. Macari M, Chandarana H, Balthazar E, Babb J (2003) Intestinal ischemic versus intramural hemorrhage: CT evaluation. AJR Am J Roentgenol 180; 177–184PubMedGoogle Scholar
  281. Maeda A, Yokoi S, Kuno T, Tsuboi S, Niinomi N, Horisawa M, Bando E, Uesaka K (2004) Intestinal obstruction in the terminal ileum caused by an anomalous congenital vascular band between the mesoappendix and the mesentery: report of a case. Surg Today 34:793–795PubMedGoogle Scholar
  282. Makita O, Ikushima I, Matsumoto N, Arikawa K, Yamashita Y, Takahashi M (1999) CT differenciation between necrotic and nonnecrotic small bowel in closed loop and strangulation. Abdom Imaging 24:120–124PubMedGoogle Scholar
  283. Makitie O, Heikkinen M, Kaitila I, Rintala R (2002) Hirschsprung’s disease in cartilage hair hypoplasia has poor prognosis. J Pediatr Surg 37:1585–1588PubMedGoogle Scholar
  284. Malek MM, Burd RS (2006) The optimal management of malrotation diagnosed after infancy: a decision analysis. Am J Surg 191:45–51PubMedGoogle Scholar
  285. Mar CR, Pushpanathan C, Price D, Cramer B (2003) Omental lymphangioma with Small bowel volvulus. Radiographics 23:847–851PubMedGoogle Scholar
  286. Martin LW, Zerella IT (1976) Jejunoileal atresia proposed classification. J Pediatr Surg 11:399–403PubMedGoogle Scholar
  287. Martuciello G, Bicocchi MP, Dodero P, Lerone M, Cirillo MS, Puliti A, Gimelli G (1992) Total colonic aganglionosis associated with interstitial deletion of the long arm of chromosome 10. Pediatr Surg Int 7:308–310Google Scholar
  288. Martucciello G, Torre M, Belloni E, Lerone M, Pini-prato A, Cama A, Jasonni V (2004) Currarino syndrome: proposal of a diagnostic and therapeutic protocol. J Pediatr Surg 39:1305–1311PubMedGoogle Scholar
  289. Mathieu D, Luciani A (2004) Internal abdominal herniations. AJR Am J Roentgenol 183:397–404PubMedGoogle Scholar
  290. Maxson RT, Franklin PA, Wagner CW (1995) Malrotation in the older child: surgical management, treatment and outcome. Am Surg 61:135–138PubMedGoogle Scholar
  291. Mazzeo S, Caramella D, Bimbi M, Sanguinetti F, Pieri L, De Liperi A, Pinto E, Lencioni R, Russo R, Bartolozzi C (1995) Ultrasonography of gastrointestinal tract disorders: retrospective and prospective evaluation. Eur Radiol 5:347–353Google Scholar
  292. McAlister WH, Kronemer KA (1996) Emergency gastrointestinal radiology of the newborn. Radiol Clin North Am 34:819–844PubMedGoogle Scholar
  293. McCollum MO, Jamieson DH, Webber EM (2002) Annular pancreas and duodenal stenosis. J Pediatr Surg 37:1776–1777PubMedGoogle Scholar
  294. Mc Elhinney DB, Hedrick HL, Bush DM, Pereira GR, Stafford PW, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, Wernovsky G (2000) Necrotizing enterocolitis in neonates with congenital heart disease: risk factors and outcomes. Pediatrics 106:1080–1087Google Scholar
  295. McGahan JP, Hanson F (1983) Meconium peritonitis with accompanying pseudocyst: prenatal sonogaphy diagnosis. Radiology 148:125–126PubMedGoogle Scholar
  296. Mcheik JN, Levard G (2003) Invagination intestinale aiguë anténatale et atrésie du grêle. Arch Pediatr 10:230–231PubMedGoogle Scholar
  297. McLorie GA, Sheldon CA, Fleisher M, Churchill BM (1987) The genitourinary system in patients with imperforate anus. J Pediatr Surg 22:1100–1104PubMedGoogle Scholar
  298. Meglin AJ, Balotin RJ, Jelinek JS, Fishman EK, Jeffs RD, Ghaed V (1990) Cloacal extrophy: radiologic findings in 13 patients. AJR Am J Roentgenol 155:1267–1272PubMedGoogle Scholar
  299. Mehall JR, Chandler JC, Mehall RL, Jackson RJ, Wagner CW, Smith SD (2002) Management of typical and atypical intestinal malrotation. J Pediatr Surg 37:1169–1172PubMedGoogle Scholar
  300. Merrot T, Anastasescu R, Pankevych T, Chaumoitre K, Allessandrini P (2003) Small bowel obstruction caused by congenital mesocolic hernia: case report. J Pediatr Surg 38:E38Google Scholar
  301. Mertens R, Ocqueteau M, Guzman S, Rahmer A, Llanos O, Ibanez L, Zuniga A (1990) The medical treatment of intestinal obstruction due to adhesions and adherences. Rev Med Chil 118:1085–1089PubMedGoogle Scholar
  302. Messina M, Ferruci E, Meucci D, Buonocore G, Di Maggio G (2002) Neonatal intestinal occlusion due to duodenal duplication in association with malformed Gallbladder sludge. Biol Neonate 81:210–212PubMedGoogle Scholar
  303. Metts JC, Kotkin L, Kasper S, Shyr Y, Adams MC, Brock JW (1997) Genital malformations and coxistent urinary tract or spinal anomalies in patients with imperforate anus. J Urol 158:1298–1300PubMedGoogle Scholar
  304. Milas Z, Atkinson G, Gow KW (2004) Meconium peritonitis. J Pediatr Surg 39:245–246PubMedGoogle Scholar
  305. Millar AJ, Rode H, Cywes S (2003) Malrotation and volvulus in infancy and childhood. Semin Pediatr Surg 12:229–236PubMedGoogle Scholar
  306. Miller JP, Smith SD, Newman B, Sukarochana K (1988) Neonatal abdominal calcification: is it always meconium peritonitis? J Pediatr Surg 23:555–556PubMedGoogle Scholar
  307. Miller SF, Seibert JJ, Kinder DL, Wilson AR (1993) Use of ultrasound in the detection of occult bowel perforation in neonates. J Ultrasound Med 12:531–535PubMedGoogle Scholar
  308. Mitsudo S, Brandt LJ (1992) Pathology of intestinal ischemia. Surg Clin North Am 72:43–63PubMedGoogle Scholar
  309. Mollitt DL, Ballantine TV, Grosfeld JL (1979) Postoperative intussusception in infancy and childhood: analysis of 119 cases. Surgery 86:402–408PubMedGoogle Scholar
  310. Mondor H, Porcher P, Olivier C (eds) (1943) Radiodiagnostics urgents. In: Abdomen. Masson, Paris, pp 340Google Scholar
  311. Moore SW, Rode H, Millar AJ, Cywes S (1990) Intestinal atresia and Hirschsprung’s disease. Pediatr Surg Int 5:182–184Google Scholar
  312. Moore SW, Johnson AG (1998) Hirschsprung’s disease: genetic and functional associations of Down’s and Waardenburg syndromes. Semin Pediatr Surg 7:156–161PubMedGoogle Scholar
  313. Moran JM, Salas J, Sanjuan S, Amaya JL, Rincon P, Serrano A, Tallo EM (2004) Paramesocolic hernias: conséquences of delayed diagnosis. Report of three new cases. J Pediatr Surg 39:112–116PubMedGoogle Scholar
  314. Mordehai J, Cohen Z, Kurzbart E, Mares AJ (2002) Preduodenal portal vein causing duodenal obstruction associated with situs inversus, intestinal malrotation and polysplenia: a case report. J Pediatr Surg 37:E5PubMedGoogle Scholar
  315. Mori H, Hayashi K, Futagawa S, Uetani M, Yanagi T, Kurosaki N (1987) Vascular compromise in chronic volvulus with midgut malrotation. Pediatr Radiol 17:277–281PubMedGoogle Scholar
  316. Moss RL, Dimmittra, Henry MCW, Geraghty N, Efron B (2001) A meta-analysis of peritoneal drainage versus laparotomy for perforated necrotizing enterocolitis. J Pediatr Surg 36:1210–1213PubMedGoogle Scholar
  317. Muller F, Simon-Bouy B, Girodon E, Monnier E, Malinge MC, Serre JL (2002) Predicting the risk of cystic fibrosis with abnormal ultrasound signs of fetal bowel: results of a french molecular collaborative study based on 641 prospectives cases. Am J Med Genet 110:109–115PubMedGoogle Scholar
  318. Murshed R, Spitz L, Kiely E, Drake D (1997) Meconium ileus: a ten year review of thirty six patients; Eur J Pediatr Surg 7:275–277PubMedGoogle Scholar
  319. Mushtaq I, Wright VM, Drake DP; Mearns MB, Wood CB (1998) Meconium ileus secondary to cystic fibrosis: the East London experience. Pediatr Surg Int 13:365–369PubMedGoogle Scholar
  320. Nagle A, Ujiki M, Denham W, Murayama K (2004) Laparascopic adhesiolysis for small bowel obstruction. Am J Surg 187:464–470PubMedGoogle Scholar
  321. Nakahara S, Yokomori K, Tamura K, Oku K, Tsuchida Y (1995) Hirschsprung’s disease associated with Ondine’s curse: a special subgroup? J Pediatr Surg 30:1481–1484PubMedGoogle Scholar
  322. Nakao M, Suita S, Taguchi T, Hirose R, Shima Y (2001) Fourteen-years experience of acetylcholinesterase staining for rectal mucosal biopsy in neonatal Hirschsprung’s disease. J Pediatr Surg 36:1357–1363PubMedGoogle Scholar
  323. Navarro OM, Daneman A, Miller SF (2004) Contrast enema depiction of small-bowell volvulus in complicated neonatal bowel obstruction. Pediatr Radiol 34:1020–1023PubMedGoogle Scholar
  324. Nayci A, Avian D, Polat A, Aksoyek S (2003) Ileal atresia associated with a congenital vascular band anomaly: observations on pathogenesis. Pediatr Surg Int 19:742–743PubMedGoogle Scholar
  325. Neal MR, Seibert JJ, Vanderzalm T, Wagner CW (1997) Neonatal ultrasonography to distinguish between meconium ileus and ileal atresia. J Ultrasound Med 16:263–266PubMedGoogle Scholar
  326. Newman B, Girdany BR (1990) Gastric trichobezoars-sonographic and computed tomographic appearance. Pediatr Radiol 20:526–527PubMedGoogle Scholar
  327. Niedzielski J, Krol R, Gawlowska A (2003) Could incarceration of inguinal hernia in children be prevented? Med Sci Monit 9:CR16–18PubMedGoogle Scholar
  328. Nielsen RT (1998) Ischemic stenosis of the small intestine after blunt abdominal trauma. Ugeska Laeger 160:439–440Google Scholar
  329. Nihoul-Fekete C, Ricour C, Martelli H, Lortat-Jacob S, Pellerin D (1986) Total colonic aganglionosis (with or without ileal involvement): a review of 27 cases. J Pediatr Surg 21:251Google Scholar
  330. Noblett HR (1969) Treatment of uncomplicated meconium ileus by gastrografin enema: a preliminary report. J Pediatr Surg 4:190–197PubMedGoogle Scholar
  331. Nofech-Mozes Y, Rachmel A, Schonfeld T, Schwarz M, Steinberg R, Ashkenazi S (2004) Difficulties in making the diagnosis of Hirschsprung disease in early infancy. J Pediatr Child Health 40:716–719Google Scholar
  332. Norton KI, Tenreiro R, Rabinowitz JG (1992) Sonographic demonstration of annular pancreas and a distal duodenal diaphragm in a newborn. Pediatr Radiol 22:66–67PubMedGoogle Scholar
  333. Nunez R, Cadrera R, Moreno C, Agulla E, Vargas I, Blesa E (2000) Usufulness of anorectal manometry in the neonatal diagnosis of Hirschsprung disease. Cir Pediatr 13:16–19PubMedGoogle Scholar
  334. Oestreich AE (1990) Ultrasound diagnosis of Hirschsprung disease in the infant with distended abdomen. Radiologe 30:19–20PubMedGoogle Scholar
  335. Ogata M, Imai S, Hosotani R, Aoyama H, Hayashi M, Ishikawa T (1994) Abdominal ultrasonography for the diagnosis of strangulation in small bowel obstruction. Br J Surg 81:421–424PubMedGoogle Scholar
  336. Ogata M, Mateer JR, Condon R (1996) Prospective evaluation of abdominal sonography for the diagnosis of bowel obstruction. Ann Surg 223:237–241PubMedGoogle Scholar
  337. Oguzkurt P, Tanyel FC, Kotiloglu E, Hicsonmez A (1998) Multiple atresias with extensive intraluminal calcifications in a newborn with cystic fibrosis. Pediatr Radiol 28:174–176PubMedGoogle Scholar
  338. Okada T, Yoshida H, Iwai J, Matsugana T, Ohtsuka Y, Kouchi K, Tanabe M, Ohnuma N (2001) Pulsed Doppler sonography for the diagnosis of strangulation in small bowel obstructions. J Pediatr Surg 36:430–435PubMedGoogle Scholar
  339. O’Malley ME, Wilson SR (2003) US of gastrointestinal tract abnormalities with CT correlation. Radiographics 23:59–72PubMedGoogle Scholar
  340. Oncel M, Kurt N, Remzi FH, Sensu SS, Vural S, Gezen CF, Cincin TG, Okay E (2001) The effectiveness of systemic antibiotics in preventing postoperative, intraabdominal adhesions in an animal model. J Surg Res 101:52–55PubMedGoogle Scholar
  341. Orr LA, Powell RW, Melhem RE (1992) Sonographic demonstration of annular pancreas in the newborn. J Ultrasound Med 11:373–375PubMedGoogle Scholar
  342. Ostlie D, Spilde TL, St Peter SD, Sexton N, Miller KA, Sharp RJ, Gittes GK, Snyder CL (2003) Necrotizing enterocolitis in full-term infants. J Pediatr Surg 38:1039–1042PubMedGoogle Scholar
  343. Pallotta N, Baccini F, Corazziari E (1999) Contrast ultrasonography of the normal small bowel. Ultrasound Med Biol 25:1335–1340PubMedGoogle Scholar
  344. Pameijer CR, Hubbard AM, Coleman B, Flake AW (2000) Combined pure oesophageal atresia, duodenal atresia, biliary atresia, and pancreatic ductal atresia: prenatal diagnostic features and review of the litterature. J Pediatr Surg 35:745–747PubMedGoogle Scholar
  345. Park RW, Grand RJ (1981) Gastrointestinal manifestations of cystic fibrosis: a review. Gastroenterology 81:1143–1161PubMedGoogle Scholar
  346. Pasto ME, Deiling JM, O’Hara AE, Rifkin MD, Goldberg BB (1984) Neonatal colonic atresia: ultrasound findings. Pediatr Radiol 14:346–348PubMedGoogle Scholar
  347. Patel A, Kaleya RN, Sammartano RJ (1992) Pathophysiology of mesenteric ischemia. Surg Clin North Am 72:31–41PubMedGoogle Scholar
  348. Patino MO, Munden MM (2004) Utility of the sonographic whirlpool sign in diagnosing midgut volvulus in patients with atypical clinical presentations. J Ultrasound Med 23:397–401PubMedGoogle Scholar
  349. Patterson K, Toomey KE, Chandra RS (1983) Hirschsprung disease in a 46 XY phenotypic infant girl with Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome. J Pediatr 103:425–427PubMedGoogle Scholar
  350. Pena A (1992) Current management of anorectal anomalies. Surg Clin North Am 72:1393–1416PubMedGoogle Scholar
  351. Pershad J, Simmons GT, Chung D, Frye T, Marques MB (1998) Two acute pediatric abdominal catastrophes from strangulated left paraduodénal hernias. Pediatr Emerg Care 14:347–349PubMedGoogle Scholar
  352. Philippart AI, Reed JO, Georgeson KE (1975) Neonatal small left colon syndrome: intramural not intraluminal obstruction. J Pediatr Surg 10:733–740PubMedGoogle Scholar
  353. Pickworth FE, Franklin K (1994) Case report: ultrasound diagnosis of unsuspected necrotizing enterocolitis. Clin Radiol 49:649–651PubMedGoogle Scholar
  354. Pierro A (2003) Surgical treatment of infants with necrotizing enterocolitis. Semin Neonatol 8:223–232PubMedGoogle Scholar
  355. Piotrowska AP, Chertin B, De Caluwé D, Bianchi A, Puri P (2003) Alterations in smooth muscle contractile and cytoskeleton proteins and interstitial cells of cajal in megacystis microcolon intestinal hypoperistalsis syndrome. J Pediatr Surg 38:747–755Google Scholar
  356. Piotrowska AP, Rolle U, Solari V, Puri P (2004) Interstitial celles of cajal in the human normal urinary bladder and in the bladder of patients with megacystis microcôlon intestinal hypoperistalsis syndrome. BJU Int 94:143–147Google Scholar
  357. Plouard C, Rivoal E, Broussine L, Blondin G, Trellu X (2000) Small bowel volvulus due to midgut malrotation: value of Doppler sonography. A case report. J Radiol 81:151–153PubMedGoogle Scholar
  358. Pochaczevsky R, Leonidas JC (1975) The rectosigmoïd index: a measurement for the early diagnosis of Hirschsprung’s disease. AJR Am J Roentgenol 123:770–777Google Scholar
  359. Pokorny WJ, Harr VL, McGill CW, Harberg FJ (1981) Intestinal stenosis resulting from necrotizing enterocolitis. Am J Surg 142:721–724PubMedGoogle Scholar
  360. Polley TZ, Coran RG (1986) Hirschsprung’s disease in the newborn. An 11 year experience. Pediatr Surg Int 1:80–83Google Scholar
  361. Powell DM, Othersen HB, Smith CD (1989) Malrotation of the intestines in children: the effect of age on presentation and therapy. J Pediatr Surg 24:777–780PubMedGoogle Scholar
  362. Pracros JP, Basset T, Morin de Finfe CH, Tran Minh LD (1988) Aspects échographiques dans les volvulus du grêle sur malrotation chez le nouveau-né. Pédiatrie. 43:525–529PubMedGoogle Scholar
  363. Pracros JP, Sann L, Genin G (1992) Ultrasound diagnosis of midgut vovulus: the «whirlpool» signs. Pediatr Radiol 22:18–20PubMedGoogle Scholar
  364. Prasil P, Flageole H, Shaw KS, Nguyen LT, Youssef S, Laberge JM (2000) Should malrotation in children be treated differently according to age? J Pediatr Surg 35:756–758PubMedGoogle Scholar
  365. Proctor ML, Traubici J, Langer JC, Gibbs DL, Hein SH, Daneman A, Kim PLW (2003) Correlation between radiographic transition zone and level of aganglionosis in Hirschsprung’s disease: implications for surgical approach. J Pediatr Surg 38:775–778PubMedGoogle Scholar
  366. Pumberger W, Mayr M, Kohlhauser C, Weninger M (2002) Spontaneous localized intestinal perforation in very low birth weight infants: a distinct clinical entity different from necrotizing enterocolitis. J Am Coll Surg 195:796–803PubMedGoogle Scholar
  367. Pumberger W, Dinhobl I, Dremsek P (2004) Altered consciousness and lethargy from compromised intestinal blood flow in children. Am J Emerg Med 22:307–309PubMedGoogle Scholar
  368. Puri P, Lake BD, Gorman F, O’Donnel B, Nixon HH (1983) Megacystis-microcolon-intestinal hypoperistalsis syndrome: a visceral myopathy. J Pediatr Surg 18:64–69PubMedGoogle Scholar
  369. Puvaneswary M, Rajaratnam S (2003) Midgut volvulus in an adult. Australas Radiol 47:83–84PubMedGoogle Scholar
  370. Rabin MS, Funston MR (1981) Ultrasound demonstration of valvulae conniventes in small bowel obstruction. A case report. S Afr Med J 59:142–143PubMedGoogle Scholar
  371. Ragazzi S, Pierro A, Peters M, Fasoli L, Eaton S (2003) Early full blood count and severity of disease in neonates with necrotizing enterocolitis. Pediatr Surg IntGoogle Scholar
  372. Raine PA, Noblett HR (1977) Duodenal atresia with biliary anomalies and unusual gaz pattern. J Pediatr Surg 12:763–765PubMedGoogle Scholar
  373. Ramachandran P, Sridharan S (2003) Strangulated left paraduodénal hernia in an infant. Pediatr Surg Int 19:120–121PubMedGoogle Scholar
  374. Rantomalala HY, Andriamanarivo ML, Rasolanjatovo TY, Rakotoarisoa AJ, Rakotoarisoa B, Razafindramboa H, Ranaivozanany A (2005) Children’s strangled inguinal hernia. Arch Pediatr 12:361–365PubMedGoogle Scholar
  375. Rasmussen L, Andersen OP, Pedersen SA (1990) Intestinal malrotation and volvulus in infancy. Pediatr Surg Int 5:27–29Google Scholar
  376. Ratan SK, Rattan KN, Pandey RM, Mittal A, Magu S, Sodhi P (2004) Associated congenital anomalies in patients with anorectal malformations. A need for developing a uniform practical approach. J Pediatr Surg 39:1706–1711PubMedGoogle Scholar
  377. Rescorla FJ, Shedd FJ, Grosfeld JL, Vane DW, West KW (1990) Anomalies of intestinal rotation in childhood, analysis of 447 cases. Surgery 108:710–715PubMedGoogle Scholar
  378. Rescorla FJ, Grosfeld JL (1993) Contemporary management of meconium ileus. World J Surg 17:318–325PubMedGoogle Scholar
  379. Rettenbacher T, Hollerweger A, Macheiner P, Gritzmann N, Gotwald T, Frass R, Schneider B (2001) Abdominal wall hernias. Cross sectional imaging signs of incarceration determined with sonography. AJR Am J Roentgenol 177:1061–1066PubMedGoogle Scholar
  380. Riccabona M, Joannou A, Maurer U, Muller W, Schwinger W (1993) Doppler ultrasound in necrotizing enterocolitis. Z Geburtshilfe Perinatol 197:87–89PubMedGoogle Scholar
  381. Riebel T, Wurfel A, Gasiorek-Wiens A (1991) Sonography of congenital abnormalities of the gastrointestinal tract. Ultraschall Med 12:283–288PubMedGoogle Scholar
  382. Ripolles T, Garcia-Aguayo J, Martinez MJ, Gil P (2001) Gastrointestinal bezoars. Sonographic and CT characteristics. AJR Am J Roentgenol 177:65–69PubMedGoogle Scholar
  383. Ritchey M, Kelalis PP, Etzioni R, Breslow N, Shochat S, Haase GM (1993) Small bowel obstruction after nephrectomy for Wilms’ tumor. A report of the national Wilms’tumor study-3. Ann Surg 218:654–659PubMedGoogle Scholar
  384. Ritchey ML, Shamberger RC, Haase G, Horwitz J, Bergemann T, Breslow NE (2001) Surgical complications after primary nephrectomy for wilms’s tumor: report from the national wilms’s tumor study group. J Am Coll Surg 192:63–68PubMedGoogle Scholar
  385. Rivosecci M, Lucchetti MC, Zaccara A, De Gennaro M, Fariello G (1995) Spinal dysraphism detected by magnetic resonance imaging in patients with anorectal anomalies: incidence and clinical significance. J Pediatr Surg 30:488–490Google Scholar
  386. Robberecht EA, Afschrift M, De Bel CE, Van Haesebrouck PJ, Van Bever HP, De Wit M, Leroy JG (1988) Sonographic demonstration of portal venous gaz in necrotizing enterocolitis. Eur J Pediatr 147:192–194PubMedGoogle Scholar
  387. Roberts HE, Cragan JD, Cono J, Khoury MJ, Weatherly M, Moore C (1998) Increase frequency of cystic fibrosis among infants with jejunoileal atresia. Am J Med Genet 78:446–449PubMedGoogle Scholar
  388. Rodgers KE, Girgis W, Campeau JD, Dizerega GS (1997) Reduction of adhesion formation by intraperitoneal administration of anti inflammatory peptide 2. J Invest Surg 10:31–36PubMedGoogle Scholar
  389. Rohrer T, Trachsel D, Engelcke G, Hammer J (2002) Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome associated with Hirschsprung’s disease and neuroblastoma: case of multiple neurocristopathies. Pediatr Pulmonol 33:71–76PubMedGoogle Scholar
  390. Rolle U, O’Briain S, Pearl RU, Puri P (2002) Megacystismicrocolon-intestinal hypoperistalsis syndrome: evidence of intestinal myopathy. Pediatr Surg Int 18:2–5PubMedGoogle Scholar
  391. Rolle U, Piotrowska AP, Nemeth L, Puri P (2002) Altered distribution of interstitial cells of Cajal in Hirschsprung disease. Arch Pathol Lab Med 126:928–933PubMedGoogle Scholar
  392. Romeo G, Ceccherini I, Celli J, Priolo M, Betsos N, Bonardi G, Seri M, Yin L, Lerone M, Jasonni V, Martucciello G (1998) Association of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A and Hirschsprung disease. J Int Med 243:515–520Google Scholar
  393. Roshkow JE, Haller JO, Berdon WE, Sane SM (1988) Hirschsprung’s disease, Ondine’s curse, and neuroblastoma-manifestations of neurocristopathy. Pediatr Radiol 19:45–49PubMedGoogle Scholar
  394. Rovin JD, Rodgers BM, Burns RC (1999) The role of peritoneal drainage for intestinal perforation in infants with and without necrotizing enterocolitis. J Pediatr Surg 34:143–147PubMedGoogle Scholar
  395. Ryan ET, Ecker JL, Christakis N, Folkman J (1992) Hirschsprung disease: associated abnormalities and demography. J Pediatr Surg 27:76–81PubMedGoogle Scholar
  396. Sabharwal G, Strouse PJ, Islam S, Zoubi N (2004) Congenital short gut syndrome. Pediatr Radiol 34:424–427PubMedGoogle Scholar
  397. Sajja SB, Schein M (2004) Early postoperative small bowel obstruction. Br J Surg 91:683–691PubMedGoogle Scholar
  398. Sane S, Girdany BR (1973) Total aganglionosis coli. Radiology 107:397PubMedGoogle Scholar
  399. Sangkhathat S, Patrapinyokul S, Donsakul N (2002) Ileal atresia and total colonic aganglionosis. J Med Assoc Thai 85:1130–1134PubMedGoogle Scholar
  400. Sarioglu A, Tanyel FC, Buyukpamukcu N, Hilsonmez A (1997) Colonic volvulus: a rare presentation of Hirschsprung’s disease. J Pediatr Surg 32:117–118PubMedGoogle Scholar
  401. Saxton MI, Ein SH, Hoehner J, Kim PC (2000) Near-total intestinal aganglionosis: long term follow-up of a morbid condition. J Pediatr Surg 35:669–672PubMedGoogle Scholar
  402. Scheible W, Golberger LE (1979) Diagnosis of small bowel obstruction: the contribution of diagnostic ultrasound. AJR Am J Roentgenol 133:685–688PubMedGoogle Scholar
  403. Schey WL, Donaldson JS, Sty JR (1993) Malrotation of bowel: variable patterns with different surgical consideration. J Pediatr Surg 28:96–101PubMedGoogle Scholar
  404. Schiavetti E, Massotti G, Torricelli M, Perfetti L (1984) “Apple Peel” syndrome. A radiological study. Pediatr Radiol 14:380–383PubMedGoogle Scholar
  405. Schippers E; Tittel A, Ottinger A, Schumpelick V (1998) Laparascopy versus laparotomy: comparison of adhesion formation after bowel resection in a canine model. Dig Surg 15:145–147PubMedGoogle Scholar
  406. Schmitt M, Peiffert B, De Miscault G, Barthelme H, Poussot D, Andre M (1987) Complications of inguinal hernia in children. Chir Pediatr 28:193–196PubMedGoogle Scholar
  407. Schmutz GR, Benko A, Fournier L, Peron JM, Morel E, Chiche L (1997) Small bowel obstruction: role and contribution of sonography. Eur Radiol 7:1054–1058PubMedGoogle Scholar
  408. Schwartz MZ, Hayden CK, Richardson CJ, Tyson KR, Lobe TE (1982) A prospective evaluation of intestinal stenosis following necrotizing enterocolitis. J Pediatr Surg 17:764–770PubMedGoogle Scholar
  409. Seashore JH, Touloukian RJ (1994) Midgut volvulus. An ever present threat. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 148:43–46PubMedGoogle Scholar
  410. Seibert JJ, Williamson SL, Golladay ES, Mollitt DL, Seibert RW, Sutterfiels SI (1986) The distendedgasless abdomen: a fertile field for ultrasound. J Ultrasound Med 5:301–308PubMedGoogle Scholar
  411. Sen S, Rajadurai VS, Ford WD (1988) Late onset bowel stenoses after neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis. Aust Paediatr 24:366–368Google Scholar
  412. Sencan A, Mir E, Giinsar C, Akcora B (2002) Symptomatic annular pancreas in newborns. Med Sci Monit 8:CR434–437PubMedGoogle Scholar
  413. Seo T, Ando H, Watanabe Y, Harada T, Ito F, Kaneko K, Katsuno S, Marui Y, Ochiai K (2002) Colonic atresia and Hirschsprung’s disease: importance of histologic examination of the distal bowel. J Pediatr Surg 37:E19PubMedGoogle Scholar
  414. Seror D, Feigin E, Szold A, Allweis TH, Carmon M, Nissan S, Freund HR (1993) How conservatively can postoperative small bowel obstruction be treated? Am J Surg 165:121–125PubMedGoogle Scholar
  415. Shahar E, Shinawi M (2003) Neurocristopathies presenting with neurologic abnormalities associated with Hirschsprung’s disease. Pediatr Neurol 28:385–391PubMedGoogle Scholar
  416. Sharief N, Ward HC, Wood CB (1991) Functional intestinal obstruction in Henoch-Schonlein purpura. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nut 12:272–275Google Scholar
  417. Sharif K, Beath SV, Kelly DA, McKiernan P, Van Mourik IV, Mirza D, Mayer AD, Buckels JA, De Ville De Goyet J (2003) New perspective for the management of near total or total intestinal aganglionosis in infants. J Pediatr Surg 38:25–28PubMedGoogle Scholar
  418. Sharma R, Tepas JJ, Mollitt DL, Pieper P, Wludyka P (2004) Surgical management of bowel perforations and outcome in very low birth weight infants (1200 g). J Pediatr Surg 39:190–194PubMedGoogle Scholar
  419. Shih SC, Jeng KS, Lin SC, Kao CR, Chou SY, Wang HY, Chang WH, Chu CH, Wang TE (2003) Adhesive small bowel obstruction: how long can patients tolerate conservative treatment? World J Gastroenterol 15:603–605Google Scholar
  420. Shimanuki Y, Aihara T, Takano H, Moritani T, Oguma E, Kuroki H, Shibata A, Nozawa K, Ohkawara K, Hirata A, Imaizumi S (1996) Clockwise whirlpool sign at color Doppler US: an objective and definitive sign of midgut volvulus. Radiology 199:261–264PubMedGoogle Scholar
  421. Shinohara T, Okugawa K, Furuta C (2004) Volvulus of the small intestine caused by right paraduodenal hernia: a case report. J Pediatr Surg 39[Suppl 3] E 15Google Scholar
  422. Siegel MJ, Friedland JA, Hildebolt CF (1997) Bowel wall thickening in children: differenciation with US. Radiology 203:631–635PubMedGoogle Scholar
  423. Sigel B, Golub RM, Loiacono LA, Parsons RE, Kodama I, Machi J, Justin J, SacHirschsprung’s diseaseeva AK, Zaren HA (1991) Technique of ultrasonic detection and mapping of abdominal wall adhesions. Surg Endosc 5:161–165PubMedGoogle Scholar
  424. Simon A, Van Der Meer JW, Drenth JP (2005) Familial mediterranean fever — a not so unusual cause of abdominal pain. Res Clin Gastroenterol 19:199–213Google Scholar
  425. Singh MV, Richards C, Bowen JC (2004) Does Down syndrome affect the outcome of congenital duodenum obstruction? Pediatr Surg Int 20:586–589PubMedGoogle Scholar
  426. Smet MH, Marchai G, Ceulemans R, Eggermont E (1991) The solitary hyperdynamic pulsating superior mesenteric artery: additional dynamic sonographic feature of midgut volvulus. Pediatr Radiol 21:156–157PubMedGoogle Scholar
  427. Smith GH, Cass D (1991) Infantile Hirschsprung’s disease. Is a barium enema usuful? Pediatr Surg Int 6:318–321Google Scholar
  428. Snyder WH, Chaffin L (1954) Embryology and pathology of the intestinal tract: presentation of 40 cases of malrotation. Ann Surg 140:368–379PubMedGoogle Scholar
  429. Sokal MM, Koenigsberger MR, Rose JS (1972) Neonatal hypermagnesemia and the meconium plug syndrome. N Engl J Med 286:823–825PubMedGoogle Scholar
  430. Spigland N, Brandt ML, Yazbeck S (1990) Malrotation presenting beyond the neonatal period. J Pediatr Surg 25:1139–1142PubMedGoogle Scholar
  431. Spujt HJ, Margulis AR, Mc Alister WH (1964) Microangiographic study of gastrointestinal lesions. AJR Am J Roentgenol 92:1173–1183Google Scholar
  432. Srikanth MS, Ford EG, Isaacs H, Mahour GH (1993) Megacystis-microcolon-intestinal hypoperistalsis syndrome: late sequelae and possible pathogenesis. J Pediatr Surg 28:957–959PubMedGoogle Scholar
  433. Steinfeld JR, Harrison BR (1973) Extensive intaluminal calcification in a newborn with intestinal atresia. Radiology 107:405–406PubMedGoogle Scholar
  434. Stoll-Becker S, Reiss I, Huls G, Hauch A, Hermsteiner M, Gortner L (2001) Neonatal ascites: meconium ileus with perforation in mucoviscidosis. Klin Paediatr 213:26–27Google Scholar
  435. Strauch ED, Voigt RW, Hill L (2002) Gangrenous intestine in a hernia can be reduced. J Pediatr Surg 37:919–920PubMedGoogle Scholar
  436. Stringer MD, Drake DP (1991) Hirschsprung’s disease presenting as neonatal gastrointestinal perforation. Br J Surg 78:188–189PubMedGoogle Scholar
  437. Stringer MD, Brereton RJ, Drake DP, Kiely EM, Agranal M, Mouriquand PD, Tarn PK (1994) Meconium ileus due to extensive intestinal aganglionosis. J Pediatr Surg 29:501–503PubMedGoogle Scholar
  438. Stromme P, Andersen W (1997) Developmental aspects in Apple Peel intestinal atresia-ocular anomalies-microcephalie syndrome. Clin Genet 52:133PubMedGoogle Scholar
  439. Strouse PJ (2004) Disorders of intestinal rotation and fixation (‚malrotation‘). Pediatr Radiol 34:837–851PubMedGoogle Scholar
  440. Sugai M, Murata K, Munakata H, Hada R (2003) Sonographic diagnosis of congenital duodenal stenosis. Ultrasound Med Biol 29:55Google Scholar
  441. Sweeney B, Surana R, Puri P (2001) Jejunoileal atresia and associated malformations: correlation with the timing of in utero insult. J Pediatr Surg 36:774–776PubMedGoogle Scholar
  442. Tainaka T, Ikegami R, Watanabe Y (2005) Left paraduodenal hernia leading to protein-losing enteropathy in children. J Pediatr Surg 40:E21–E23PubMedGoogle Scholar
  443. Tarn AL, Camberos A, Applebaum H (2002) Surgical decision making in necrotizing enterocolitis and focal intestinal perforation: predictive value of radiologic findings. J Pediatr Surg 37:1688–1691Google Scholar
  444. Taourel P, Kessler N, Lesnik A, Blayac PM, Morcos L, Bruel JM (2002) Non traumatic abdominal emergences: imaging of acute intestinal obstruction. Eur Radiol 12:2151–2160PubMedGoogle Scholar
  445. Taourel P, Baud C, Lesnik A, Le Guen V, Pujol J, Bruel JM (2004) Le péritoine acteur de la pathologie abdominale. J Radiol 85:574–590PubMedGoogle Scholar
  446. Tashjian DB, Moriarty KP (2001) Duodenal atresia with an anomalous common bile duct masquerading as a midgut volvulus. J Pediatr Surg 36:956–997PubMedGoogle Scholar
  447. Teefey SA, Roarke MC, Brink JA, Middleton WD; Balfe DM, Thyssen EP, Hildebolt CF (1996) Bowel wall thickening: differenciation of inflammation from ischemia with color Doppler and Duplex US. Radiology 198:547–551PubMedGoogle Scholar
  448. Teele RL, Pease PW, Rowley RS (1998) Malrotation in newborns following antenatal diagnosis of intra abdominal cyst. Pediatr Radiol 28:717–721Google Scholar
  449. Teitelbaum DH, Caniano DA, Qualman SJ (1989) The pathophysiology of Hirschsprung’s associated enterocolitis: importance of histologic correlates. J Pediatr Surg 24:1271–1277PubMedGoogle Scholar
  450. Tibboel D, Gaillard JLJ, Molenaar JC (1986) The importance of mesenteric vascular insufficiency in meconium peritonitis. Hum Pathol 17:411–416PubMedGoogle Scholar
  451. Tittel A, Treutner KH, Titkova S, Ottinger A, Schumpelick V (2001) Comparaison of adhesion reformation after laparoscopic and conventional adhesiolysis in an animal model. Langenbecks Arch Surg 386:141–145PubMedGoogle Scholar
  452. Toki F, Suzuki N, Inoue K, Suzuki H, Hirakata K, Nagai K, Kuroiwa M, Lupski JR, Tsuchida Y (2003) Intestinal aganglionosis associated with the Waardenburg syndrome: report of two cases and review of the litterature. Pediatr Surg Int 19:725–728PubMedGoogle Scholar
  453. Tongsong T, Chanprapaph P (2000) Triple bubble sign: a marker of proximal jejunal atresia. Int J Gynecol Obstet 68:149–150Google Scholar
  454. Tonkin IL, Bjelland JC, Hunter TB, Capp MP, Firor H, Ermocilla R (1978) Spontaneous resolution of colonic strictures caused by necrotizing enterocolitis: therapeutic implications. AJR Am J Roentgenol 130:1077–1081PubMedGoogle Scholar
  455. Torfs CP, Christianson RE (1998) Anomalies in Down syndrome individuals in a large population based registry. Am J Med Genet 77:431–438PubMedGoogle Scholar
  456. Torres AM, Ziegler MM (1993) Malrotation of the intestine. World J Surg 17:326–331PubMedGoogle Scholar
  457. Traubici J (2001) The double bubble sign. Radiology 220:463–464PubMedGoogle Scholar
  458. Truong S, Arlt G, Pfingsten F, Schumpelick V (1992) Importance of sonography in diagnosis of ileus. A retrospective study of 459 patients. Chirurg 63:634–640PubMedGoogle Scholar
  459. Tsuhima Y, Yamada S, Aoki J, Endo K (2001) Ischaemic ileal stenosis following blunt abdominal trauma and demonstrated by CT. Br J Radiol 74:277–279Google Scholar
  460. Udall JN (1990) Gastrointestinal host defense and necrotizing enterocolitis. J Pediatr 117:533–543Google Scholar
  461. Valayer J (1999) Malformations congénitales du duodenum et de l’intestin. EMC Pédiatrie 4-017-B-10Google Scholar
  462. Valioulis I, Anagnostopoulos D, Sfougaris D (1997) Reversed midgut rotation in a neonate: case report with a breef review of the litterature. J Pediatr Surg 32:643–645PubMedGoogle Scholar
  463. Vanderwinden JM, Rumessen JJ, Liu H, Descamps D, De Laet MH, Vanderhaegen JJ (1996) Interstitial cells of Cajal in human colon and in Hirschsprung’s disease. Gastroenterology 111:901–910PubMedGoogle Scholar
  464. Van Winckel M, Robberecht E, Voet D (1996) «Whirlpool sign»; not always associated with volvulus in intestinal malrotation. J Clin Ultrasound 24:367–370PubMedGoogle Scholar
  465. Ververidis M, Kiely EM, Spitz L, Drake DP, Eaton S, Pierro A (2001) The clinical significance of thrombocytopenia in neonates with necrotizing enterocolitis. J Pediatr Surg 36:799–803PubMedGoogle Scholar
  466. Vinograd I, Mogle P, Peleg O, Alpan G, Lernau OZ (1983) Meconium disease in premature infants with very low birth weight. J Pediatr 103:963–966PubMedGoogle Scholar
  467. Voisin M, Galifer RB, Kadiri T, Grolleau R, Dumas R, Jean R (1997) Intestinal malformations and congenital heart diseases. Arch Mal Cœur Vaiss 80:524–528Google Scholar
  468. Voss M, Moore SW, Van Der Merwe I, Pieper C (1998) Fulminanting necrotising enterocolitis: outcome and prognostic factors. Pediatr Surg Int 13:576–580PubMedGoogle Scholar
  469. Walsh DS, Crombleholme TM (2000) Superior mesenteric venous thrombosis in malrotation with chronic volvulus. J Pediatr Surg 35:753–755PubMedGoogle Scholar
  470. Weber DM, Freeman NV (1999) Duodenojejunal atresia with Apple Peel configuration of the ileum and absent superior mesenteric artery: observations on pathogenesis. J Pediatr Surg 34:1427–1429PubMedGoogle Scholar
  471. Weinberg B, Diakoumakis EE, Aldoroty RA (1993) A proximal duodenal phytobezoar with gastric outlet obstruction: sonographic appearance. J Clin Ultrasound 21:547–550PubMedGoogle Scholar
  472. Weinberger F, Winters WD, Liddell RM, Rosenbaum DM, Krauter L (1992) Sonographic diagnosis of intestinal malrotation in infants: importance of the relative positions of the superior mesenteric vein and artery. AJR Am J Roentgenol 159:825–828PubMedGoogle Scholar
  473. Weller PH, William J (1986) Clinical features, pathogenesis and management of meconium ileus equivalent. J R Soc Med 79:36–37PubMedGoogle Scholar
  474. West KW, Stephens B, Rescorla FJ, Vane DW, Grosfeld JL (1988) Postoperative intussusception: experience with 36 cases in children. Surgery 104:781–787PubMedGoogle Scholar
  475. Wiesner W, Khurana B, JI H, Ros PR (2003) CT of acute bowel ischemia. Radiology 226:635–650PubMedGoogle Scholar
  476. Williams SB, Greenspon J, Young HA, Orkin BA (2005) Small bowel obstruction: conservative vs surgical management. Dis Colon Rectum 48:1110–1146Google Scholar
  477. Wills JS (1992) Closed loop and strangulation obstruction of the small intestine. A new twist. Radiology 185:635–636Google Scholar
  478. Wilson SR, Burns PN, Wilkinson LH, Simpson DH, Muradali D (1998) Gas at abdominal US: appearance relevance and analysis of artifacts. Radiology 210:113–123Google Scholar
  479. Wilkins BM, Spitz L (1987) Adhesion obstruction following Nissen fundoplication in children. Br J Surg 74:777–779PubMedGoogle Scholar
  480. Wilson-Storey D, Scobie WG, McGenity KG (1990) Microbiological studies of the enterocolitis of Hirschsprung’s disease. Arch Dis Child 65:1338–1339PubMedGoogle Scholar
  481. Wright JR, Barth RF, Neff JC, Poe ET, Sucheston ME, Stempel LE (1986) Gastrointestinal malformations associated with Prune Belly syndrome: three cases and a review of the literature. Pediatr Pathol 5:421–448PubMedGoogle Scholar
  482. Yamauchi K, Kubota A, Usui N, Yonekura T, Kosumi T, Nogami T, Ohyanagi H (2002) Benign transient non organic ileus of neonates. Eur J Pediatr Surg 12:168–174PubMedGoogle Scholar
  483. Yanez R, Spitz L (1986) Intestinal malrotation presenting outside the neonatal period. Arch Dis Child 61:682–685PubMedGoogle Scholar
  484. Yang AD, Lee CH (2002) Appendico-ileal knotting resulting in closed-loop obstruction in a child. Pediatr Radiol 31:879–881Google Scholar
  485. Yeh WC, Wang HP, Chen C, Wang HH, Wu MS, Lin JT (1999) Preoperative sonographic diagnosis of midgut malrotation with volvulus in adults: the «whirlpool» sign. J Clin Ultrasound 27:279–283PubMedGoogle Scholar
  486. Yoo SJ, Park KW, Cho SY, Sim JS, Han KS (1999) Definitive diagnosis of intestinal volvulus. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 13:200–203PubMedGoogle Scholar
  487. Yoo SY, Jung SH, Eom M, Kim H, Han A (2002) Delayed maturation of interstitial cells of Cajal in meconium obstruction. J Pediatr Surg 37:1758–1761PubMedGoogle Scholar
  488. Yoskovitch A, Tewfik TL, Nguyen L, Oudjhane K, Teebi AS (1999) Choanal and ileal atresia: a new syndrome or association? Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 49:237–240PubMedGoogle Scholar
  489. Yousefzadeh DK, Jackson JH, Smith WL, Lu CH (1984) Intraluminal meconium calcification without distal obstruction. Pediatr Radiol 14:23–27PubMedGoogle Scholar
  490. Zamir O, Mogle P, Udassin R (1988) Multiple gastrointestinal atresias with intraluminal calcifications. Am J Perinatol 5:293–294PubMedGoogle Scholar
  491. Zeltner F, Rohner P, Weill F (1979) Ultrasonic demonstration of valvulae conniventes. Ann Radiol 22:577PubMedGoogle Scholar
  492. Zerin JM, Dipietro MA (1992) Superior mesenteric vascular anatomy at US in patients with surgically proved malrotation of the midgut. Radiology 183:693–694PubMedGoogle Scholar
  493. Zerin JM, Polley TZ (1994) Malrotation in patients with duodenal atresia: a true association or an expected finding on postoperative upper gastrointestinal barium study? Pediatr Radiol 24:170–172PubMedGoogle Scholar
  494. Zissin R, Hertz M, Paran H, Bernheim J, Shapiro-Feinberg M, Gayer G (2004) Small bowel obstruction secondary to Crohn disease. Abdom Imaging 29:320–325PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alain Couture
    • 1
  1. 1.Service de Radiologie PédiatriqueHôpital Arnaud de VilleneuveMontpellier Cedex 5France

Personalised recommendations