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Pelvis/Hip Paediatric

  • Prudencia N. M. TyrrellEmail author
  • Apostolos H. Karantanas
  • Victor N. Cassar-Pullicino
Chapter
Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)

Abstract

Accurate and reproducible measurements related to the paediatric hip and pelvis can be challenging. A standardised radiograph requires close attention to positioning of the infant or child to ensure that it is neither rotated nor inclined. Even a minor degree of obliquity can result in great variability of measurement. In the young child several bony landmarks are not yet established and difficulty can be encountered in determining the appropriate point of measurement. Awareness of these issues allows one to employ the best and most readily reproducible measurement at a particular age or stage of development. Although ultrasound plays an important role in evaluation of paediatric hip dysplasia, this is mainly in infants and radiography continues to play an important role in the older child and adult. There are a wide range of measurements available for different clinical scenarios. These will be addressed in this chapter.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Prudencia N. M. Tyrrell
    • 1
    Email author
  • Apostolos H. Karantanas
    • 2
  • Victor N. Cassar-Pullicino
    • 3
  1. 1.The Robert Jones and Agnes Hunt Orthopaedic HospitalShropshireUK
  2. 2.University HospitalHeraklionGreece
  3. 3.Department of RadiologyRobert Jones and Agnes Hunt Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Foundation TrustOswestryUK

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