Atlas of Upper Gastrointestinal and Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Surgery

pp 139-142

Operation for Achalasia

  • Luigi BonavinaAffiliated withUO Chirurgia Generale, Istituto Policlinico San Donato
  • , Alberto PeracchiaAffiliated withDepartment of Surgery, Centro di Formazione Universitaria Istituto Clinico Humanitas

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In 1913 Heller reported the first esophageal myotomy for achalasia through a left thoracotomy. Over the years, the transabdominal approach has been extensively adopted, especially in Europe. More recently, laparoscopy has emerged as the initial intervention of choice in several institutions throughout the world.