Creating and Using Geospatial Ontology Time Series in a Semantic Cultural Heritage Portal

  • Tomi Kauppinen
  • Jari Väätäinen
  • Eero Hyvönen
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 5021)

Abstract

Content annotations in semantic cultural heritage portals commonly make spatiotemporal references to historical regions and places using names whose meanings are different in different times. For example, historical administrational regions such as countries, municipalities, and cities have been renamed, merged together, split into parts, and annexed or moved to and from other regions. Even if the names of the regions remain the same (e.g., “Germany”), the underlying regions and their relationships to other regions may change (e.g., the regional borders of “Germany” at different times). As a result, representing and finding the right ontological meanings for historical geographical names on the semantic web creates severe problems both when annotating contents and during information retrieval. This paper presents a model for representing the meaning of changing geospatial resources. Our aim is to enable precise annotation with temporal geospatial resources and to enable semantic search and browsing using related names from other historical time periods. A simple model and metadata schema is presented for representing and maintaining geospatial changes from which an explicit time series of temporal part-of ontologies can be created automatically. The model has been applied successfully to represent the complete change history of municipalities in Finland during 1865–2007. The resulting ontology time series is used in the semantic cultural heritage portal CultureSampo to support faceted semantic search of contents and to visualize historical regions on overlaying maps originating from different historical eras.

Keywords

Temporal Part Ontology Evolution Current Place Semantic Search Polygonal Boundary 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    Brickley, D., Guha, R.V.: RDF Vocabulary Description Language 1.0: RDF Schema W3C Recommendation, February 10, 2004. Recommendation, World Wide Web Consortium (February 2004)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Carroll, J.J., Dickinson, I., Dollin, C., Reynolds, D., Seaborne, A., Wilkinson, K.: Jena: Implementing the semantic web recommendations. Technical Report HPL-2003-146, HP Labs (December 24, 2003)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    de Berg, M., van Kreveld, M., Overmars, M., Schwarzkopf, O.: Computational geometry: algorithms and applications, 2nd edn. Springer, New York (2000)MATHGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Gutierrez, C., Hurtado, C., Vaisman, A.: Temporal RDF. In: Gómez-Pérez, A., Euzenat, J. (eds.) ESWC 2005. LNCS, vol. 3532, pp. 93–107. Springer, Heidelberg (2005)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Haase, P., van Harmelen, F., Huang, Z., Stuckenschmidt, H., Sure, Y.: A framework for handling inconsistency in changing ontologies. In: International Semantic Web Conference, Galway, Ireland, November 6-10, 2005, pp. 563–577. Springer, Heidelberg (2005)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hearst, M., Elliott, A., English, J., Sinha, R., Swearingen, K., Lee, K.-P.: Finding the flow in web site search. CACM 45(9), 42–49 (2002)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hildebrand, M., van Ossenbruggen, J., Hardman, L.: /facet: A browser for heterogeneous semantic web repositories. In: The Semantic Web - Proceedings of the 5th International Semantic Web Conference 2006, November 5-9, 2006, pp. 272–285 (2006)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Huang, Z., Stuckenschmidt, H.: Reasoning with multi-version ontologies: A temporal logic approach. In: International Semantic Web Conference, pp. 398–412 (2005)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hyvönen, E.: Semantic portals for cultural heritage. In Manuscript draft for a book chapter (September 2007)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hyvönen, E., Junnila, M., Kettula, S., Mäkelä, E., Saarela, S., Salminen, M., Syreeni, A., Valo, A., Viljanen, K.: Finnish Museums on the Semantic Web. User’s perspective on museumfinland. In: Selected Papers from an International Conference Museums and the Web 2004 (MW 2004), Arlington, Virginia, USA (2004)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Hyvönen, E., Lindroos, R., Kauppinen, T., Henriksson, R.: An ontology service for geographical content. In: Poster+Demo Proceedings, ISWC+ASWC-2007, Busan, Korea (2007)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Hyvönen, E., Ruotsalo, T., Häggström, T., Salminen, M., Junnila, M., Virkkilä, M., Haaramo, M., Kauppinen, T., Mäkelä, E., Viljanen, K.: CultureSampo—Finnish culture on the Semantic Web: The vision and first results. In: Semantic Web at Work — Proceedings of the 12th Finnish Artificial Intelligence Conference STeP 2006, Helsinki, Finland, vol. 1 (2006)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kauppinen, T., Deichstetter, C., Hyvönen, E.: Temp-o-map: Ontology-based search and visualization of spatio-temporal maps. In: Franconi, E., Kifer, M., May, W. (eds.) ESWC 2007. LNCS, vol. 4519, Springer, Heidelberg (2007)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kauppinen, T., Hyvönen, E.: Modeling coverage between geospatial resources. In: Posters and Demos of the 2nd European Semantic Web Conference ESWC 2005. European Semantic Web Conference, Heraklion, Greece, May 29 - June 1 (to appear, 2005)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kauppinen, T., Hyvönen, E.: Ontologies: A Handbook of Principles, Concepts and Applications in Information Systems. In: Modeling and Reasoning about Changes in Ontology Time Series, Springer, Heidelberg (2007)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Klein, M.: Change Management for Distributed Ontologies. PhD thesis, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam (August 2004)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Klein, M., Fensel, D.: Ontology versioning on the Semantic Web. In: Proceedings of the International Semantic Web Working Symposium (SWWS), Stanford University, California, USA, July 30–August 1, 2001, pp. 75–91 (2001)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Mäkelä, E., Hyvönen, E., Sidoroff, T.: View-based user interfaces for information retrieval on the semantic web. In: Proceedings of the ISWC 2005 Workshop End User Semantic Web Interaction (November 2005)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Noy, N., Klein, M.: Ontology evolution: Not the same as schema evolution. Knowledge and Information Systems 5 (2003)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Oren, E., Delbru, R., Decker, S.: Extending faceted navigation for rdf data. In: International Semantic Web Conference, November 5-9, 2006, pp. 559–572 (2006)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Pan, R., Ding, Z., Yu, Y., Peng, Y.: A bayesian network approach to ontology mapping. In: International Semantic Web Conference 2005, Galway, Ireland, November 6-10, 2005, pp. 563–577. Springer, Heidelberg (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Stojanovic, L.: Methods and Tools for Ontology Evolution. PhD thesis, University of Karlsruhe, Germany (2004)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Stuckenschmidt, H., Harmelen, F.V.: Information Sharing on the Semantic Web. Springer, Heidelberg (2004)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Visser, U.: Intelligent information integration for the Semantic Web. Springer, New York (2004)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tomi Kauppinen
    • 1
  • Jari Väätäinen
    • 2
  • Eero Hyvönen
    • 1
  1. 1.Semantic Computing Research Group (SeCo)Helsinki University of Technology, and University of HelsinkiFinland
  2. 2.Geological Survey of Finland 

Personalised recommendations