Experimental Study and Theoretical Analysis of Signage Legibility Distances as a Function of Observation Angle

  • H. Xie
  • L. Filippidis
  • E. R. Galea
  • S. Gwynne
  • D. BlackShields
  • P. J. Lawrence

Abstract

Signage systems are widely used in buildings to provide information for wayfinding, thereby assisting in navigation during normal circulation of pedestrians and, more importantly, exiting information during emergencies. An important consideration in determining the effectiveness of signs is establishing the region from which the sign is visible to occupants, the so-called Visibility Catchment Area (VCA). This paper attempts to factor into the determination of the VCA of signs, the observation angle of the observer using both experimental and theoretical analysis.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Xie
    • 1
  • L. Filippidis
    • 1
  • E. R. Galea
    • 1
  • S. Gwynne
    • 1
  • D. BlackShields
    • 1
  • P. J. Lawrence
    • 1
  1. 1.Fire Safety Engineering GroupUniversity of GreenwichLondonUK

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