Advertisement

Abstract

• Hair shampoos are composed of synthetic detergents designed to remove sebum and environmental dirt from each individual hair shaft without decreasing the cosmetic appearance of the hair.

• Hair conditioners are designed to improve hair manageability, decrease hair static electricity, add luster, prevent UV-induced photodamage, and enhance styling ease.

• Hair styling aids are intended to maintain the hair in a fashionable arrangement while improving the quality of the hair fibers.

• Hair dyes can lighten or darken an existing hair color while covering canities in a temporary, semipermanent, or permanent manner.

• Permanent hair waving repositions hair keratin disulfide bonds in a new curly conformation while hair straightening repositions hair keratin disulfide bonds in a new straight position.

Keywords

Hair Color Seborrheic Dermatitis Hair Care Permanent Hair Hair Spray 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Balsam MS, Sagarin E (1972) Hair grooming preparations. In: Cosmetics (1972): Science and Technology, 2nd edn, Vol 2. Wiley-Interscience, New York, pp 119–123Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bernard B (2003) Hair shape of curly hair. J Am Acad Dermatol Suppl 48:S120–S126CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bouillon C (1988) Shampoos and hair conditioners. Clin Dermatol 6:83–92PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Braida D, Dubief C, Lang G (1994) Ceramide: a new approach to hair protection and conditioning. Cosmet Toilet 109:49–57Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Bulengo-Ransby, Bergfeld WF (1992) Chemical and traumatic alopecia from thioglycolate in a black woman. Cutis 49:99–103PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Cannell DW (1988) Permanent waving and hair straightening. Clin Dermatol 6:71–82PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Casperson S (1994) Men’s hair coloring: a review of current technology. Cosmet Toilet 109:83–87Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Cesarini JP (1990) Hair melanin and hair colour. In: Orfanos CE, Happle R (eds) Hair and hair diseases. Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 166–197Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Clarke J, Robbins CR, Reich C (1991) Influence of hair volume and texture on hair body of tresses. J Soc Cosmet Chem 42:341–352Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Corbett JF (1976) The chemistry of hair-care products. J Soc Dyers Colour 92:285–303Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Corbett JF (1984) Chemistry of hair colorant processes – science as an aid to formulation and development. J Soc Cosmet Chem 35:297–310Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Corbett JF (1988) Hair coloring. Clin Dermatol 6:93–101PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Corbett JF (1991) Hair coloring processes. Cosmet Toilet 106:53–57Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Corbett JF, Menkart J (1973) Hair coloring. Cutis 12:190Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    deNavarre MG (1988) Hair conditioners and rinses. In: deNavarre MG (ed) The chemistry and manufacture of cosmetics, 2nd edn, Vol IV. Allured, Wheaton, Ill., pp 1097–1109Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Fox C (1988) An introduction to the formulation of shampoos. Cosmet Toilet 103:25–58Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Fox C (1993) Hair Care. Cosmet Toilet 108:29–57Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Gershon SD, Goldberg MA, Rieger MM (1972) Permanent waving. In: Balsam MS, Sagarin E (eds) Cosmetics science and technology, 2nd ed, Vol 2. Wiley-Interscience, New York, pp 167–250Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Goldemberg RL (1982) Hair conditioners: the rationale for modern formulations. In: Frost P, Horwitz SN (eds) Principles of cosmetics for the dermatologist. Mosby, St. Louis, Mo., pp 157–159Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Goode ST (1979) Hair pomades. Cosmet Toilet 94:71–74Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Guth J, Russo J, Kay T et al (1993) Addressing the low VOC hair spray issue. Cosmet Toilet 108:97–103Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Hsuing DY, Hair straightening. In: deNavarre MG (ed) The chemistry and manufacture of cosmetics, 2nd edn, Vol IV. Allured, Wheaton, Ill. Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Ishihara M (1975) The composition of hair preparations and their skin hazards. In: Koboir T, Montagna W (eds) Biology and disease of the hair. University Park Press, Baltimore, Md., pp 603–629Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Jachowicz J, Yao K (1996) Dynamic hairspray analysis. I. Instrumentation and preliminary results. J Soc Cosmet Chem 47:73–84Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Khalil EN (1986) Cosmetic and hair treatments for the black consumer. Cosmet Toilet 101:51–58Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Klein K (2003) Formulating hair conditioners: hope and hype. Cosmet Toilet 118:28–31Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Lee AE, Bozza JB, Huff S et al (1988) Permanent waves: an overview. Cosmet Toilet 103:37–56Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Markland WR, Shampoos. In: deNavarre MG ed (1988) The chemistry and manufacture of cosmetics, 2nd edn., Vol IV. Allured, Wheaton, Ill., pp 1283–1312Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    McDonald CJ (1982) Special requirements in cosmetics for people with black skin. In: Frost P, Horwitz SN (eds) Principles of cosmetics for the dermatologist. Mosby, St. Louis, Ill., pp 302–304Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    McMullen R, Jachowicz J (2003) Optical properties of hair: effect of treatments on luster as quantified by image analysis. J Cosmet Sci 54:335–351PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Obukowho P, Birman M (1995) Hair curl relaxers: a discussion of their function, chemistry, and manufacture. Cosmet Toilet 110:65–69Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    O’Donoghue MN (1987) Hair cosmetics. Dermatol Clin 5:619–625PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Ogawa S, Fufii K, Kaneyama K et al (2000) A curing method for permanent hair straightening using thioglycolic and dithiodiglycolic acids. J Cosmet Sci 51:379–399Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Pavlichko J (1995) Aqueous dispersion hair-spray resin. Cosmet Toilet 110:63–67Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Pohl S (1988) The chemistry of hair dyes. Cosmet Toilet 103:57–66Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Powers DH (1972) Shampoos. In: Balsam MS, Gershon SD, Reiger MM et al (eds) Cosmetics science and technology, 2nd edn. Wiley-Interscience, New York, pp 73–116Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Rele A, Mohile R (1999) Effect of coconut oil on prevention of hair damage. Part 1. J Cosmet Sci 50:327–339Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Robbin CR (1988) Chemical and physical behavior of human hair, 2nd edn. Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 185–188Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Robbins CR (1988) Interaction of shampoo and creme rinse ingredients with human hair. In: Chemical and physical behavior of human hair, 2nd edn. Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 122–167Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Rook A (1976) The clinical importance of “weathering” in human hair. Br J Dermatol 95:111–112PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Rushton DH, Kingsley P, Berry NL et al (1993) Treating reduced hair volume in women. Cosmet Toilet 108:59–62Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Shipp JJ (1992) Hair-care products. In: Williams DF, Schmitt WH (eds) Chemistry and technology of the cosmetics and toiletries industry. Blackie, London, pp 32–54 Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Spoor HJ (1976) Hair dyes: temporary colorings. Cutis 18:341–344 PubMedGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Spoor HJ (1977) Part II: Metals. Cutis 19:37–40PubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Spoor HJ (1977) Permanent hair colorants: oxidation dyes. Part II: Colorist’s art. Cutis 19:578–588PubMedGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Stutsman MJ (1977) Analysis of hair fixatives. In: Senzel AJ (ed) Newburger’s manual of cosmetic analysis, 2nd edn. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington DC, pp 72Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Swift JA, Brown AC (1972) The critical determination of fine change in the surface architecture of human hair due to cosmetic treatment. J Soc Cosmet Chem 23:675–702Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Syed A (1993) Ethnic hair care: history, trends, and formulation. Cosmet Toilet 108:99–108Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    Syed A, Kuhajda A, Ayoub H et al (1995) African-American hair. Cosmet Toilet 110:39–48Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Tokiwa F, Hayashi S, Okumura T (1975) Hair and surfactants. In: Kobori T, Montagna W (eds) Biology and disease of the hair. University Park Press, Baltimore, Md., pp 631–640Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Tucker HH (1968) Formulation of oxidation hair dyes. Am J Perfum Cosmet 83:69Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    Vardy DA, Marcus B, Gilead L et al (1993) A look at gray hair. J Geriatric Dermatol 1:22–27Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    Wells FV, Lubowe II (1978) Hair grooming aids: Part II. Cutis 22:270–301Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    Wells FV, Lubowe II (1978) Hair grooming aids: Part III. Cutis 22:407–425Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    Westman M (2003) New shampoo technologies: between the shock waves. Cosmet Toilet 118:58–63Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    Wickett RR (1987) Permanent waving and straightening of hair. Cutis 39:496–497PubMedGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Wickett RR (1991) Disulfide bond reduction in permanent waving. Cosmet Toilet 106:37–47Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    Wilkinson JB, Moore RJ (1982) Harry’s cosmeticology, 7th edn. Chemical Publishing, New York, pp 526–528Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    Wood C, Nguyen-Kim S, Hoessel P (2004) A new dimension in hairstyling – VP/methacrylamide/vinyl imidazole copolymer. Cosmet Toilet 119:59–66Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    Zviak C (1986) Hair coloring, nonoxidation coloring. In: Zviak C (ed) The science of hair care. Marcel Dekker, New York, pp 235–261Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    Zviak C (1986) Oxidation coloring. In: Zviak C (ed) The science of hair care. Marcel Dekker, New York, pp 263–286Google Scholar
  62. 62.
    Zviak C (1986) Permanent waving and hair straightening. In: Zviak C (ed) The science of hair care. Marcel Dekker, pp 183–209Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    Zviak C (1986) The science of hair care. Marcel Dekker, New York, pp 153–165Google Scholar
  64. 64.
    Zviak C, Bouillon C (1986) Hair treatment and hair care products. In: Zviak C (ed) The science of hair care. Marcel Dekker, New York, pp 115–116Google Scholar
  65. 65.
    Zviak C, Vanlerberghe G (1986) Scalp and hair hygiene. In: Zviak C (ed) The science of hair care. Marcel Dekker, New York, pp 49–86Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer London 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zoe Diana Draelos
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of DermatologyWake Forest University School of MedicineWinston-SalemUSA
  2. 2.Dermatology Consulting ServicesHigh PointUSA

Personalised recommendations