Legendre Pseudospectral Approximations of Optimal Control Problems
We consider nonlinear optimal control problems with mixed statecontrol constraints. A discretization of the Bolza problem by a Legendre pseudospectral method is considered. It is shown that the operations of discretization and dualization are not commutative. A set of Closure Conditions are introduced to commute these operations. An immediate consequence of this is a Covector Mapping Theorem (CMT) that provides an order-preserving transformation of the Lagrange multipliers associated with the discretized problem to the discrete covectors associated with the optimal control problem. A natural consequence of the CMT is that for pure state-constrained problems, the dual variables can be easily related to the D-form of the Lagrangian of the Hamiltonian. We demonstrate the practical advantage of our results by numerically solving a state-constrained optimal control problem without deriving the necessary conditions. The costates obtained by an application of our CMT show excellent agreement with the exact analytical solution.
KeywordsOptimal Control Problem Closure Condition Jump Condition Pseudospectral Method Naval Postgraduate School
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.