Best Achievable Compression Ratio for Lossy Image Coding
The trade-off between image fidelity and coding rate is reached with several techniques, but all of them require an ability to measure distortion. The problem is that finding a general enough measure of perceptual quality has proven to be an elusive goal. Here, we propose a novel technique for deriving an optimal compression ratio for lossy coding based on the relationship between information theory and the problem of testing hypotheses. As an example of the proposed technique, we analyze the effects of lossy compression at the best achievable compression ratio on the identification of breast cancer microcalcifications.
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