Playing Games with Multiple Choice Systems

  • Ingo Althöfer
  • Raymond Georg Snatzke
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 2883)


Humans and computers have different strengths—which should be combined and not wasted. Multiple choice systems are an efficient way to achieve this goal. An instructive example is 3-Hirn, where two programs each make one proposal and a human boss has the final choice between them. In chess, Go, and several other brain games, many experiments with 3-Hirn and other settings proved the usefulness of multiple choice systems and the validity of the underlying ideas.


Playing Strength Human Player Candidate Move Strong Player Chess Program 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ingo Althöfer
    • 1
  • Raymond Georg Snatzke
    • 1
  1. 1.University of JenaGermany

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