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Playing Games with Multiple Choice Systems

  • Ingo Althöfer
  • Raymond Georg Snatzke
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 2883)

Abstract

Humans and computers have different strengths—which should be combined and not wasted. Multiple choice systems are an efficient way to achieve this goal. An instructive example is 3-Hirn, where two programs each make one proposal and a human boss has the final choice between them. In chess, Go, and several other brain games, many experiments with 3-Hirn and other settings proved the usefulness of multiple choice systems and the validity of the underlying ideas.

Keywords

Playing Strength Human Player Candidate Move Strong Player Chess Program 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    Althöfer, I.: 13 Jahre 3-Hirn—Meine Schach-Experimente mit Mensch-Maschinen- Kombinationen. Published by the author (1998)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Althöfer, I.: A 20-choice experiment in Go for human+computer. International Computer Games Association Journal 26, 108–114 (2003)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Althöfer, I.: Go mit dem 3-Hirn. Deutsche Go-Zeitung, 40–42 (July/August 2000)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Gerlach, C.: Comments on the exhibition game 3-Hirn vs. Tautorat. Deutsche Go-Zeitung, 42–45 (July/August 2000)Google Scholar
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    Althöfer, I.: Das 3-Hirn beim Turnier in Paderborn. Deutsche Go-Zeitung, 44–47 (November/December 2000)Google Scholar
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    Althöfer, I., Snatzke, R., Tautorat, G.: Zum Abkochen von Go-Programmen. Deutsche Go-Zeitung, 42–43 (July/August 2002) Google Scholar
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    Althöfer, I.: Graded rights of veto in multiple choice systems. In: 8th IFAC/IFIP/IFORS/IEA Symposium on Analysis, Design, and Evaluation of Human-Machine Systems, pp. 657–663 (2001)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ingo Althöfer
    • 1
  • Raymond Georg Snatzke
    • 1
  1. 1.University of JenaGermany

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