Enhancing Creativity with Groupware Toolkits

  • Saul Greenberg
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 2806)

Abstract

Effective groupware toolkits not only make it possible for average programmers to develop groupware, but also enhance their creativity. By removing low-level implementation burdens and supplying appropriate building blocks, toolkits give people a ‘language’ to think about groupware, which in turn allows them to concentrate on creative designs. This is important, for it means that programmers can rapidly generate and test new ideas, replicate and refine ideas presented by others, and create demonstrations for others to try. To illustrate the link between groupware toolkits and creativity, I describe example toolkits we have built and how others have leveraged them in their own work.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Bederson, B., Hourcade, J.: Architecture and implementation of a Java package for Multiple Input Devices (MID). HCIL Technical Report No. 9908 (1999)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bier, B., Freeman, S.: MMM: A user interface architecture for shared editors on a single screen. In: Proc ACM UIST, pp. 79–86 (1991)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Boyle, M., Greenberg, S.: GroupLab Collabrary: A Toolkit for Multimedia Groupware. In: Patterson, J. (ed.) ACM CSCW 2002 Workshop on Network Services for Groupware (November 2002)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Diaz-Marino, R.A., Tse, E., Greenberg, S.: Programming for Multiple Touches and Multiple Users: A Toolkit for the DiamondTouch Hardware. Department of Computer Science, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta CANADA. June. Includes video (2003)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Engelbart, D., English, W.: Research Center for Augmenting Human Intellect. In: Proc. Fall Joint Computing Conference, pp. 395–410. AFIPS Press (1968)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Foster, G.: Collaborative Systems and Multi-user Interfaces. PhD Thesis (UCB/CSD 87/326), Computer Science Division (EECS), Univ of California at Berkeley USA (1986)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Gaines, B.: Modeling and forecasting the information sciences. Information Sciences 57/58, 13–22 (1999)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Greenberg, S., Fitchett, C.: Phidgets: Easy Development of Physical Interfaces through Physical Widgets. In: Proc ACM UIST, pp. 209–218 (2001)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Greenberg, S., Gutwin, C., Cockburn, A.: Using Distortion-Oriented Displays to Support Workspace Awareness. In: Sasse, A., Cunningham, R., Winder, R. (eds.) People and Computers XI (Proc HCI 1996), pp. 299–314. Springer, Heidelberg (1996)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Greenberg, S., Roseman, M.: Groupware Toolkits for Synchronous Work. In: Beaudouin-Lafon, M. (ed.) Computer-Supported Cooperative Work (Trends in Software 7), pp. 135–168. John Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chichester (1999)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Greenberg, S., Roseman, M., Webster, D., Bohnet, R.: Human and technical factors of distributed group drawing tools. Interacting with Computers 4(1), 364–392 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Greenberg, S., Rounding, M.: The Notification Collage: Posting Information to Public and Personal Displays. In: Proc. ACM CHI, pp. 515–521 (2001)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Gutwin, C., Greenberg, S., Roseman, M.: Workspace Awareness in Real-Time Distributed Groupware: Framework, Widgets and Evaluation. In: Sasse, A., Cunningham, R., Winder, R. (eds.) People and Computers XI (Proc HCI 1996), pp. 281–298. Springer, Heidelberg (1996)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Myers, B.: State of the Art in User Interface Software Tools. In: Baecker, R., Grudin, J., Buxton, W., Greenberg, S. (eds.) Readings in Human Computer Interaction: Towards the Year 2000, pp. 323–343. Morgan Kaufmann, San Francisco (1995)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Sarin, S.: Interactive On-Line Conferences, PhD thesis, MI/LCS/TR330, MIT USA (1984)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Stewart, J., Bederson, B., Druin, A.: Single display groupware: a Model for Co-present Collaboration. In: Proc. ACM CHI, pp. 286–293 (1999)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Tang, J.C.: Findings from observational studies of collaborative work. International Journal of Man Machine Studies 34(2), 143–160 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Tse, E., Greenberg, S.: Rapidly Prototyping Single Display Groupware through the SDGToolkit. Report 2003-721-24 Computer Science, University of Calgary, Canada (2003)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Zanella, A., Greenberg, S.: Reducing Interference in Single Display Groupware through Transparency. In: Proc. ECSCW. Kluwer, Dordrecht (2001)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Saul Greenberg
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceUniversity of CalgaryAlbertaCanada

Personalised recommendations