Artificial Metabolism: Towards True Energetic Autonomy in Artificial Life

  • Ioannis Ieropoulos
  • Chris Melhuish
  • John Greenman
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 2801)


This paper reports on the proof-of-concept work to produce an energetically autonomous robot employing an artificial metabolic system using Microbial Fuel Cells. The present study compared the effects of changing a number of critical parameters, which control the fuel cell system, as a means to improve its overall performance. We demonstrate that the development of a fuel cell as an artificial metabolic system is feasible and it can provide sufficient power for a mobile robot platform to execute photo tactic ‘pulsed’ behaviour. The robot is code-named EcoBot I and it is the first robot in the world to be directly and entirely powered from bacterial reducing power.


Fuel Cell Mobile Robot Microbial Fuel Cell Artificial Life Fuel Cell System 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ioannis Ieropoulos
    • 1
  • Chris Melhuish
    • 1
  • John Greenman
    • 2
  1. 1.Intelligent Autonomous Systems Lab, Department of Computing, Engineering and Mathematical SciencesThe University of the West of EnglandFrenchay, BristolUnited Kingdom
  2. 2.Faculty of Applied SciencesThe University of the West of EnglandFrenchay, BristolUnited Kingdom

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