The Social Credit Assignment Problem

  • Wenji Mao
  • Jonathan Gratch
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 2792)


Social credit assignment is a process of social judgment whereby one singles out individuals to blame or credit for multi-agent activities. Such judgments are a key aspect of social intelligence and underlie social planning, social learning, natural language pragmatics and computational models of emotion. Based on psychological attribution theory, this paper presents a preliminary computational approach to forming such judgments based on an agent’s causal knowledge and conversation interactions.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Blythe, J.: Decision-Theoretic Planning. AI Magazine 20(2), 37–54 (1999)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bratman, M.: Intention, Plans and Practical Reason. Harvard University Press, Cambridge (1987)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gratch, J.: Emile: Marshall Passions in Training and Education. In: Proceedings of the 4th International conference on Autonomous Agents, Barcelona (2000)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Gratch, J., Rickel, J., André, E., Badler, N., Cassell, J., Petajan, E.: Creating Interactive Virtual Humans: Some Assembly Required. IEEE Intelligent Systems 17(4), 54–63 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Grice, H.P.: Logic and Conversation. In: Cole, P., Morgan, J. (eds.) Syntax and Semantics: Speech Acts, vol. 3, Academic Press, London (1975)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Grosz, B., Kraus, S.: Collaborative Plans for Complex Group Action. Artificial Intelligence 86(2), 269–357 (1996)CrossRefMathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Mao, M., Gratch, J.: The Social Credit Assignment Problem (Extended Version), ICT Technical Report, ICT-TR-02-2003 (2003)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    McCarty, L.: Some Arguments about Legal Arguments. In: Proceedings of 6th Interna-tional Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Law, Melbourne (1997)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Rickel, J., Marsella, S., Gratch, J., Hill, R., Traum, D., Swartout, B.: Toward a New Generation of Virtual Humans for Interactive Experiences. IEEE Intelligent Systems 17(4), 32–38 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Sadek, M.D.: Logical task modeliling for man-machine dialogue. In: Proceedings of AAAI (1990)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Shaver, K.G.: The Attribution Theory of Blame: Causality, Responsibility and Blameworthiness. Springer, Heidelberg (1985)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Weiner, B.: The Judgment of Responsibility. Guilford Press, New York (1995)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wenji Mao
    • 1
  • Jonathan Gratch
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Creative TechnologiesUniversity of Southern CaliforniaMarina del ReyU.S.A.

Personalised recommendations