Advertisement

Diagnostic Imaging of Neonatal Pneumonia

  • David Manson
Chapter
  • 1.5k Downloads
Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)

Abstract

Respiratory infections remain a significant and formidable threat to the health and well being of the neonate despite potent antibiotics, increasingly sophisticated laboratory detection methods and technologically advanced neonatal intensive care nurseries. Although the clinical and radiological definitions of pneumonia are variable throughout medical and governmental literature, quoted incidence rates for neonatal pneumonia range between 1.5–5.0 per 1,000 live births (Keyserling 1997; Webber et el 1990).

Keywords

Chest Radio Neonatal Pneumonia Neonatal Herpes Simplex Virus Infection Varicella Pneumonia Uenza Virus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Ablow RC, Driscoll SG, Effmann EL et al (1976) A comparison of early-onset group B streptococcal neonatal infection and the respiratory-distress syndrome of the newborn. N Engl J Med 294:65–70PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Abzug MJ, Levin MJ (1991) Neonatal adenovirus infection: four patients and review of the literature. Pediatrics 87:890–896PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Albritton WL (1998) Varicella pneumonia. In: Chernick V, Boat TF, Kendig EL (eds) Kendig’s disorders of the respiratory tract in children. Saunders, Philadelphia, pp 999–1003Google Scholar
  4. Arvin A, Maldonado Y (2001) Other viral infections of the fetus and newborn. In: Remington J, Klein J (eds) Infectious diseases of the fetus and newborn infant, 5th edn. Saunders, Toronto, pp 858–878Google Scholar
  5. Belady PH, Farkouh LJ, Gibbs RS (1997) Intra-amniotic infection and premature rupture of the membranes. Clin Perinatol 24:43–57PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Berkovich S, Taranko L (1964) Acute respiratory illness in the premature nursery associated with respiratory syncytial virus infections. Pediatrics 34:753–760PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Bohin S, Field DJ (1994) The epidemiology of neonatal respiratory disease. Early Hum Dev 37:73–90CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Bortolussi R, Schlech W (2001) Listeriosis. In: Remington J, Klein K (eds) Infectious diseases of the fetus and newborn infant. Saunders, Toronto, pp 1157–1177Google Scholar
  9. Burko H (1962) Considerations in the roentgen diagnosis of pneumonia in children. AJR Am J Roentgenol [Radium Ther Nucl Med] 88:555–565Google Scholar
  10. Cheeseman SH, Hirsch MS, Keller EW et al (1977) Fatal neonatal pneumonia caused by echovirus type 9. Am J Dis Child 131:1169PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Crouse DT, Odrezin GT, Cutter GR et al (1993) Radiographic changes associated with tracheal isolation of ureaplasma urealyticum from neonates. Clin Infect Dis 17[Suppl 1]: S122–S130PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Currarino G, Silverman FN (1957) Roentgen diagnosis of pulmonary disease of the newborn infant. Pediatr Clin North Am 1957:27–52Google Scholar
  13. Dennehy PH (1987) Respiratory infections in the newborn. Clin Perinatol 14:667–682PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Document #LFWK 73 (2003)Google Scholar
  15. Dominguez R, Rivero H, Gaisie G et al (1984) Neonatal herpes simplex pneumonia: radiographic findings. Radiology 153:395–399PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Duke T (2005) Neonatal pneumonia in developing countries. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed: 90:F211–F219CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Dworsky ME, Stagno S (1982) Newer agents causing pneumonitis in early infancy. Pediatr Infect Dis 1:188–195PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Foulongne V, Guyon G, Rodière M, Segondy M (2006) Human metapumovirus infection in young children hospitalized with respiratory tract disease. Pediatr Defect Dis 25:354–359CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Graham SM (2003) HIV and respiratory infection in children. Curr Opin Pulm Med 9:215–220CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Hammerschlag MR (1994) Chlamydia trachomatis in children. Pediatr Ann 23:349–353PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Haney PJ, Bohlman M, Chen-Chih JS (1984) Radiographic findings in neonatal pneumonia. AJR Am J Roentgenol 143:23–26PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Harris GBC (1963) The newborn with respiratory distress: some roentgenographic features. Radiol Clin North Am 1:497–518Google Scholar
  23. Harrison HR, English MG, Lee CK et al (1978) Chlamydia trachomatis infant pneumonitis: comparison with matched controls and other infant pneumonitis. N Engl J Med 298:702–708PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Hemming VG, Overall JC Jr, Britt MR et al (1976) Nosocomial infections in a newborn intensive-care unit. Results of forty-one months of surveillance. N Engl J Med 294:1310–1316PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Hess DL (1993) Chlamydia in the neonate. Neonatal Netw 12:9–12PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Hubbell C, Dominguez R, Kohl S (1988) Neonatal herpes simplex pneumonitis. Rev Infect Dis 10:431–438PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Keyserling HL (1997) Other viral agents of perinatal importance: varicella, parvovirus, respiratory syncytial virus, and enterovirus. Clin Perinatol 24:193–211PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Kirkpatrick B, Mueller DG (1998) Respiratory disorders in the newborn. In: Chernick V, Boat TF, Kendig EL (eds) Disorders of the respiratory tract in children. Saunders, Philadelphia, pp 338–340Google Scholar
  29. Kohl S (1997) Neonatal herpes simplex virus infection. Clin Perinatol 24:129–150PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Krist AH, Crawford-Faucher A (2002) Mangement of Newborns exposed to maternal HIV infection. American Family Physicians 65:2049–2056Google Scholar
  31. Leonidas JC, Hall RT, Beatty EC et al (1977) Radiographic findings in early onset neonatal group B streptococcal septicemia. Pediatrics 59[Suppl]:1006–1011PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Lilien LD, Harris VJ, Pildes RS (1977) Significance of radiographic findings in early-onset group B streptococcal infection. Pediatrics 60:360–363PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Marquis JR, Bardeguez AD (1994) Imaging of HIV infection in the prenatal and postnatal period. Clinics in Perinatology 21:125–142PubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. Meissner HC, Murray SA, Kiernan MA et al (1984) A simultaneous outbreak of respiratory syncytial virus and parainfluenza virus type 3 in a newborn nursery. Pediatrics 104:680–684CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Papageorgiou A, Bauer CR, Fletcher BD et al (1973) Klebsiella pneumonia with pneumatocele formation in a newborn infant. Can Med Assoc J 109:1217–1219PubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Payne NR, Burke BA, Day DL et al (1988) Correlation of clinical and pathologic findings in early onset neonatal group B streptococcal infection with disease severity and prediction of outcome. Pediatr Infect Dis J 7:836–847PubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. Potter B, Philipps AF, Bierny JP et al (1995) Neonatal radiology. Acquired diaphragmatic hernia with group B streptococcal pneumonia. J Perinatol 15:160–162PubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. Pinna GS, Skevaki CL, Kafetzis DA. Current Opinion infectious Diseases 2006, 19:283–289CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Radkowski MA, Kranzler JK, Beem MO et al (1981) Chlamydia pneumonia in infants: radiology in 125 cases. AJR Am J Roentgenol 137:703–706PubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. Rettig PJ (1988) Perinatal infections with Chlamydia trachomatis. Clin Perinatol 15:321–350PubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. Roberton NRC (1996) Pneumonia. In: Milner AD, Richerton NR (eds) Neonatal respiratory disorders. Oxford University Press, New York, pp 286–312Google Scholar
  42. Sanchez PJ, Wendel GD (1997) Syphilis in pregnancy. Clin Perinatol 24:71–90PubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. Speck WT, Fanaroff AA, Klaus M (1979) Neonatal infections. In: Klaus M, Fanaroff AA (eds) Care of the high risk neonate. Saunders, Philadelphia, pp 267–279Google Scholar
  44. Stagno S, Pifer LL, Hughes WT et al (1980) Pneumocystis carinii pneumonitis in young immunocompetent infants. Pediatrics 66:56–62PubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. Stagno S, Brasfield DM, Brown MB et al (1981) Infant pneumonitis associated with cytomegalovirus, chlamydia, pneumocystis, and ureaplasma: a prospective study. Pediatrics 68:322–329PubMedGoogle Scholar
  46. Starke JR (1997) Tuberculosis: an old disease but a new threat to the mother, fetus, and neonate. Clin Perinatol 24:107–127PubMedGoogle Scholar
  47. Starke JR, Smith M (2001) Tuberculosis. In: Remington J, Klein J (eds) Infectious diseases of the fetus and newborn infant. Saunders, Toronto, pp 1179–1193Google Scholar
  48. Thompson PJ, Greenough A, Nicolaides KH (1992) Nosocomial bacterial infections in very low birth weight infants. Eur J Pediatr 151:451–454CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. Wang EEL, Matlow AG, Ohlsson A (1997) Ureaplasma urealyticum infections in the perinatal period. Clin Perinatol 24:91–105PubMedGoogle Scholar
  50. Webber S, Wilkinson AR, Lindsell D et al (1990) Neonatal pneumonia. Arch Dis Child 65:207–211CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  51. Weiss SG, Newcomb RW, Beem MO (1986) Pulmonary assessment of children after chlamydial pneumonia of infancy. J Pediatr 108:659–664CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  52. Whitsett JA, Pryhuber GS, Rice WR (1999) Acute respiratory disorders. In: Avery BB, Fletcher MA, MacDonald MG (eds) Neonatology — pathophysiology and management of the newborn. Williams and Wilkins, Philadelphia, pp 485–508Google Scholar
  53. Wiesenberg RI (1973) Neonatal pneumonia and pulmonary hemorrhage. In: Wiesenberg RI (eds) The newborn chest. Harper and Row, New York, pp 71–83Google Scholar
  54. Willich E (1967) The roentgenological appearance of pulmonary listeriosis. Prog Pediatr Radiol 1:160–176Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Manson
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Diagnostic ImagingHospital for Sick ChildrenCanada
  2. 2.Pediatric Radiology, Department of Medical ImagingUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada

Personalised recommendations