Finite Mixture Partial Least Squares Analysis: Methodology and Numerical Examples

  • Christian M. RingleEmail author
  • Sven Wende
  • Alexander Will
Part of the Springer Handbooks of Computational Statistics book series (SHCS)


In wide range of applications for empirical data analysis, the assumption that data is collected from a single homogeneous population is often unrealistic. In particular, the identification of different groups of consumers and their appropriate consideration in partial least squares (PLS) path modeling constitutes a critical issue in marketing. In this work, we introduce a finite mixture PLS software implementation which separates data on the basis of the estimates’ heterogeneity in the inner path model. Numerical examples using experimental as well as empirical data allow the verification of the methodology’s effectiveness and usefulness. The approach permits a reliable identification of distinctive customer segments along with characteristic estimates for relationships between latent variables. Researchers and practitioners can employ this method as a model evaluation technique and thereby assure that results on the aggregate data level are not affected by unobserved heterogeneity in the inner path model estimates. Otherwise, the analysis provides further indications on how to treat that problem by forming groups of data in order to perform a multi-group path analysis.


Partial Little Square Unobserved Heterogeneity Finite Mixture Partial Little Square Analysis Brand Preference 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christian M. Ringle
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Sven Wende
    • 1
  • Alexander Will
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Hamburg Institute for Industrial Management and OrganizationsHamburgGermany
  2. 2.University of Technology Sydney Centre for Management and Organisation StudiesBroadwayAustralia

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