Advertisement

Staphyleaceae

Staphyleaceae Martynov, Teckno-Bot. Slovar: 598 (1820), nom. cons.
  • S. L. Simmons
Part of the The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants book series (FAMILIES GENERA, volume 9)

Abstract

Trees or shrubs, evergreen or deciduous. Leaves opposite, petiolate, pinnately compound, rarely unifoliolate, serrate, stipulate; stipels usually present but sometimes reduced to glands or absent. Inflorescences terminal or axillary in upper leaves, paniculate. Flowers perfect, hermaphroditic, actinomorphic; sepals 5, distinct or united, unequal, imbricate; petals 5, free, fused for part of their length or fused to form a short floral cup, unequal, imbricate in bud, often inserted on or below acrenateorlobeddisk; stamens 5, arising outsideoforbetweenthelobesofthedisk, alternate with the petals; filaments complanate; anthers 2-celled, dorsi fixed, introrse, dehiscing longitudinally; ovary superior to partially inferior, 2-3(4)-carpellate, the carpels nearly free or united, sessile, the stylodia at least partially free but distally fused to form a capitate, wet stigma; placentation axile, ovules few-many in 2 series on ventral suture. Fruit a berry, a membranous inflated capsule, or a multifollicle; seeds with a straight, green embryo and copious or rarely scanty fleshy endosperm.

Keywords

Fossil Wood Edible Wild Plant World Species Asian Member Mucilage Cell 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Selected Bibliography

  1. APG II 2003. See general references.Google Scholar
  2. Barker, W.R. 1981. Staphyleaceae. Handbooks of the Flora of Papua New Guinea, II. Melbourne: E.E. Henty, Melbourne University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Bentham, G., Hooker, J.D. 1867. Genera Plantarum, I, 1. London: A. Black.Google Scholar
  4. Blackwell, W.H. 1983. Fossil wood from “Sand Hill”, western central Mississippi. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 110:63–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Brown, R.W. 1944. Temperate species in the Eocene flora of the southeastern United States. J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 34:349–351.Google Scholar
  6. Carlquist, S.A., Hoekman, D.A. 1985. Wood anatomy of Staphyleaceae: ecology, statistical correlations, and systematics. Flora 177:195–216.Google Scholar
  7. Corner, E.J.H. 1976. See general references.Google Scholar
  8. Cronquist, A. 1981. See general references.Google Scholar
  9. Dickison, W.C. 1986. Floral morphology and anatomy of Staphyleaceae. Bot. Gaz. 147:312–326.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Dickison, W.C. 1987a. Leaf and nodal anatomy and systematics of Staphyleaceae. Bot. Gaz. 148:475–489.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Dickison, W.C. 1987b. A palynological study of the Staphyleaceae. Grana 26:11–24.Google Scholar
  12. Dore, W.G. 1962. The bladdernut shrub at Ottowa. Canad. Field-Naturalist 76:100–103.Google Scholar
  13. Erdtman, G. 1952. See general references.Google Scholar
  14. Fernald, M.L., Kinsey, A.C. 1943. Edible wild plants of eastern North America. Cornwall-on-the-Hudson: Idlewild Press.Google Scholar
  15. Foster, R.C. 1933. Chromosome number in Acer and Staphylea. J. Arnold Arb. 14:386–393.Google Scholar
  16. Gadek, P.A., Fernando, E.S., Quinn, C.J., Hoot, B.S., Terrazas, T., Sheahan, M.C., Chase, M.W. 1996. Sapindales: molecular delimitation and infraordinal groups. Amer. J. Bot. 83:802–811.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Garwood, N.C., Horvitz, C.C. 1985. Factors limiting fruit and seed production of a temperate shrub, Staphylea trifolia L. (Staphyleaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 72:453–466.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Gill, B.S., Bir, S.S., Singhal, V.K. 1984. Chromosome number reports LXXXIV. Taxon 33:536–539.Google Scholar
  19. Hegnauer, R. 1973, 1990. See general references.Google Scholar
  20. Hoey, M.T., Parks, C.R. 1991. Isozyme divergence between eastern Asian, North American and Turkish species of Liquidambar (Hamamelidaceae). Amer. J. Bot. 78:938–947.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hsu, C.-C. 1968. Preliminary chromosome studies on the vascular plants of Taiwan II. Taiwania 14:11–27.Google Scholar
  22. Johri, B.M. et al. 1992. See general references.Google Scholar
  23. Ka, M.-U. (1965). Staphyleaceae. Flora of Japan. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution.Google Scholar
  24. Krause, J. 1960. Staphyleaceae. In Engler, A., Prantl, K., Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, ed. 2, 20b. Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 255–321.Google Scholar
  25. Kubitzki, K. 2003. Tapisciaceae. In: Kubitzki, K., Bayer, C. (eds) Flowering plants. Dicotyledons. The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants, V. Berlin Heidelberg New York: Springer, pp. 369–370.Google Scholar
  26. Li, H.-L. 1971. Floristic relationships between eastern Asia and eastern North America. Philadelphia: The Morris Arboretum.Google Scholar
  27. Li, H.-L. 1993. Staphyleaceae. Woody flora of Taiwan. Narbeth, PA: Livingston Publ.Google Scholar
  28. Linden, B.L. van der 1960. Staphyleaceae. In: Flora Malesiana I, 6. Leiden: Noordhoff, pp. 49–59.Google Scholar
  29. Lobreau, D. 1969. Les limites de l’ordre des Celastrales d’après le pollen. Pollen Spores 11:499–555.Google Scholar
  30. Mehra, P.N. 1976. Cytology of Himalayan Hardwoods. Calcutta: Sree Saraswaty Press.Google Scholar
  31. Mehra, P.N., Khosla, P.K. 1969. IOPB chromosome number reports XX. Taxon 18:213–221.Google Scholar
  32. Metcalfe, C.R., Chalk, L. 1950. See general references.Google Scholar
  33. Nakai, T. 1924. Some new and noteworthy ligneous plants of eastern Asia. J. Arnold Arb. 5: 80.Google Scholar
  34. Narayana, L.L. 1960. Embryology of Staphyleaceae. Curr. Sci. 10:403–404.Google Scholar
  35. Pax, F. 1893. Staphyleaceae. In Engler, A., Prantl, K., Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien III, 5. Leipzig: W. Engelmann, pp. 258–262.Google Scholar
  36. Pereira, J.T. 1995. Staphyleaceae. In: Soepadmo, E., Wong, K.M. (eds) Tree flora of Sabah and Sarawak, 1. Sabah: Forest Research Institute of Malaysia.Google Scholar
  37. Pogan, E., Jzmalow, R. et al. 1983. Further studies in chromosome numbers of Polish angiosperms, Part XVI. Acta Biol. Cracov., Ser. Bot. 24:159–189.Google Scholar
  38. Ramp, E. 1987. Funktionelle Anatomie des Gynoeciums bei Staphylea. Bot. Helv. 97:89–98.Google Scholar
  39. Ridley, H.N. 1930. The dispersal of plants throughout the world. Ashford, Kent: L. Reeve.Google Scholar
  40. Robertson, C. 1889. Flowers and insects, III. Bot. Gaz. 14: 302.Google Scholar
  41. Roxburgh, W. 1819. Plants of the coast of Coromandel, selected from drawings and descriptions presented to the hon. court of directors of the East India company. London: W. Bulmer.Google Scholar
  42. Takhtajan, A.L. 1980. Outline of the classification of flowering plants (Magnoliophyta). Bot. Rev. 46:225–359.Google Scholar
  43. Thorne, R.F. 1992. Classification and geography of the flowering plants. Bot. Rev. 58:225–348.Google Scholar
  44. Tiffney, B.H. 1979. Fruits and seeds of the Brandon Lignite III. Turpinia (Staphyleaceae). Brittonia 31:39–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Watson, S. 1890. Contributions to American botany. Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sci. 25: 146.Google Scholar
  46. Weaver, R.E. 1980. The bladdernuts. Arnoldia 40:76–93.Google Scholar
  47. Winge, O. 1917. The chromosomes. Their numbers and general importance. C. R. Trav. Lab. Carlsberg 13:131–275.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. L. Simmons
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Integrative BiologyUniversity of TexasAustinUSA

Personalised recommendations