Staphyleaceae Martynov, Teckno-Bot. Slovar: 598 (1820), nom. cons.
  • S. L. Simmons
Part of the The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants book series (FAMILIES GENERA, volume 9)


Trees or shrubs, evergreen or deciduous. Leaves opposite, petiolate, pinnately compound, rarely unifoliolate, serrate, stipulate; stipels usually present but sometimes reduced to glands or absent. Inflorescences terminal or axillary in upper leaves, paniculate. Flowers perfect, hermaphroditic, actinomorphic; sepals 5, distinct or united, unequal, imbricate; petals 5, free, fused for part of their length or fused to form a short floral cup, unequal, imbricate in bud, often inserted on or below acrenateorlobeddisk; stamens 5, arising outsideoforbetweenthelobesofthedisk, alternate with the petals; filaments complanate; anthers 2-celled, dorsi fixed, introrse, dehiscing longitudinally; ovary superior to partially inferior, 2-3(4)-carpellate, the carpels nearly free or united, sessile, the stylodia at least partially free but distally fused to form a capitate, wet stigma; placentation axile, ovules few-many in 2 series on ventral suture. Fruit a berry, a membranous inflated capsule, or a multifollicle; seeds with a straight, green embryo and copious or rarely scanty fleshy endosperm.


Fossil Wood Edible Wild Plant World Species Asian Member Mucilage Cell 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. L. Simmons
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Integrative BiologyUniversity of TexasAustinUSA

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