The Ecology of Harmful Diatoms

  • S. S. Bates
  • V. L. Trainer
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 189)

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Adams NG, Lesoing M, Trainer VL (2000) Environmental conditions associated with domoic acid in razor clams on the Washington coast. J Shellfish Res 19:1007–1015Google Scholar
  2. Amato A, Orsini L, D’Alelio D, Montresor M (2005) Life cycle, size reduction patterns, and ultrastructure of the pennate planktonic diatom Pseudo-nitzschia delicatissima (Bacillariophyceae). J Phycol 41:542–556CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Armbrust EV, Berges JA, Bowler C et al (2004) The genome of the diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana: ecology, evolution, and metabolism. Science 306:79–86PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bargu S, Silver MW (2003) Field evidence of krill grazing on the toxic diatom genus Pseudo-nitzschia in Monterey Bay, California. Bull Mar Sci 72:629–638Google Scholar
  5. Bargu S, Powell CL, Coale SL, Busman M, Doucette GJ, Silver MW (2002) Krill: a potential vector for domoic acid in marine food webs. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 237:209–216Google Scholar
  6. Bargu S, Barinovic B, Mansergh S, Silver MW (2003) Feeding responses of krill to the toxin-producing diatom Pseudo-nitzschia. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol 284:87–104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bates SS (1998) Ecophysiology and metabolism of ASP toxin production. In: Anderson DM, Cembella AD, Hallegraeff GM (eds) Physiological ecology of harmful algal blooms.NATO ASI Series 41. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 405–426Google Scholar
  8. Bates SS (2000) Domoic-acid-producing diatoms: another genus added! J Phycol 36:978–983CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bates SS, Garrison DL, Horner RA (1998) Bloom dynamics and physiology of domoicacid-producing Pseudo-nitzschia species. In: Anderson DM, Cembella AD, Hallegraeff GM (eds) Physiological ecology of harmful algal blooms. NATO ASI Series 41. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 267–292Google Scholar
  10. Bates SS, Léger C, Satchwell M, Boyer GL (2001) The effects of iron on domoic acid production by Pseudo-nitzschia multiseries. In: Hallegraeff GM, Blackburn SI, Bolch CJ, Lewis RJ (eds) Harmful algal blooms 2000. IOC-UNESCO, Paris, pp 320–323Google Scholar
  11. Bates SS, Léger C et al (2002) Domoic acid production by the diatom Pseudo-nitzschia seriata causes spring closures of shellfish harvesting for the first time in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, eastern Canada. Xth Int Conf on Harmful Algae, St. Pete Beach, FL (Abstract) p 23Google Scholar
  12. Bill BD, Lundholm N, Connell L, Baugh KA, Trainer VL (2005) Domoic acid in Pseudo-nitzschia cuspidata in Washington State coastal waters. 3rd Symp on Harmful Marine Algae in the U.S., Monterey, CA (Abstract) p 77Google Scholar
  13. Boissonneault KR (2004) Gene discovery and expression profiling in the toxin-producing marine diatom, Pseudo-nitzschia multiseries (Hasle) Hasle. PhD Thesis, Massachusetts Inst Technol, Cambridge, MA, USA, 181 ppGoogle Scholar
  14. Busse LB, Venrick EL, Antrobus R, Miller PE, Vigilant V, Silver MW, Mengelt C, Mydlarz L, Prezelin BB (2006) Domoic acid in phytoplankton and fish in San Diego, CA, USA. Harmful Algae 5:91–101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Cerino F, Orsini L, Sarno D, Dell’Aversano C, Tartaglione L, Zingone A (2005) The alternation of different morphotypes in the seasonal cycle of the toxic diatom Pseudo-nitzschia galaxiae. Harmful Algae 4:33–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Cochlan WP, Herdon J, Ladizinsky L, Kudela RM (2005) Nitrogen uptake by the toxigenic diatom Pseudo-nitzschia australis. GEOHAB Open Science Meeting: HABs and Eutrophication, Baltimore, MD (Abstract) pp 27–28Google Scholar
  17. Costa PR, Garrido S (2004) Domoic acid accumulation in the sardine Sardina pilchardus and its relationship to Pseudo-nitzschia diatom ingestion. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 284:261–268Google Scholar
  18. Costa PR, Rodrigues SM, Botelho MJ, Sampayo MA (2003) A potential vector of domoic acid: the swimming crab Polybius henslowii Leach (Decapoda-brachyura). Toxicon 42:135–141PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Costa PR, Rosa R, Sampayo MAM (2004) Tissue distribution of the amnesic shellfish toxin, domoic acid, in Octopus vulgaris from the Portuguese coast. Mar Biol 144:971–976CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Costa PR, Rosa R, Duarte-Silva A, Brotas V, Sampayo MA (2005) Accumulation, transformation and tissue distribution of domoic acid, the amnesic shellfish poisoning toxin, in the common cuttlefish, Sepia officinalis. Aquat Toxicol 74:82–91PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Cusack CK, Bates SS, Quilliam MA, Patching JW, Raine R (2002) Confirmation of domoic acid production by Pseudo-nitzschia australis (Bacillariophyceae) isolated from Irish waters. J Phycol 38:1106–1112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Davidovich NA, Bates SS (1998) Sexual reproduction in the pennate diatoms Pseudo-nitzschia multiseries and P. pseudodelicatissima (Bacillariophyceae). J Phycol 34:126–137CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Evans KM, Hayes PK (2004) Microsatellite markers for the cosmopolitan marine diatom Pseudo-nitzschia pungens. Mol Ecol Notes 4:125–126CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Evans KM, Bates SS, Medlin LK, Hayes PK (2004) Microsatellite marker development and genetic variation in the toxic marine diatom Pseudo-nitzschia multiseries (Bacillariophyceae). J Phycol 40:911–920CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Evans KM, Kühn SF, Hayes PK (2005) High levels of genetic diversity and low levels of genetic differentiation in North Sea Pseudo-nitzschia pungens (Bacillariophyceae) populations. J Phycol 41:506–514CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Fehling J, Davidson K, Bolch CJ, Bates SS (2004) Growth and domoic acid production by Pseudo-nitzschia seriata (Bacillariophyceae) under phosphate and silicate limitation. J Phycol 40:674–683CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Fehling J, Davidson K, Bates SS (2005) Growth dynamics of non-toxic Pseudo-nitzschia delicatissima and toxic P. seriata (Bacillariophyceae) under simulated spring and summer photoperiods. Harmful Algae 4:763–769CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Fryxell GA, Hasle GR (2003) Taxonomy of harmful diatoms. In: Hallegraeff GM, Anderson DM, Cembella AD (eds) Manual on harmful marine microalgae. UNESCO Publishing, Paris, pp 465–509Google Scholar
  29. Fryxell GA, Villac MC (1999) Toxic and harmful marine diatoms. In: Stoermer EF, Smol JP (eds) The diatoms. Applications for the environmental and earth sciences. Cambridge Univ Press, Cambridge, pp 419–428Google Scholar
  30. Goldberg JD (2003) Domoic acid in the benthic food web of Monterey Bay, California. MSc Thesis, California State Univ, Monterey Bay, CA, USA, 33 ppGoogle Scholar
  31. Hamm CE, Merkel R, Springer O, Jurkojc P, Maier C, Prechtel K, Smetacek V (2003) Architecture and material properties of diatom shells provide effective mechanical protection. Nature 421:841–843PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Hasle GR (2002) Are most of the domoic acid-producing species of the diatom genus Pseudo-nitzschia cosmopolites? Harmful Algae 1:137–146CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Hasle GR, Fryxell GA (1995) Taxonomy of diatoms. In: Hallegraeff GM, Anderson DM, Cembella AD (eds) IOC manual on harmful marine microalgae, IOC Manuals and Guides 33. UNESCO, Paris, pp 341–366Google Scholar
  34. Hayes ML, Bonaventura J, Mitchell TP, Prospero JM, Shinn EA, Van Dolah F, Barber RT (2001) How are climate and marine biological outbreaks functionally linked? Hydrobiologia 460:213–220CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Hiltz MF, Bates SS, Kaczmarska I (2000) Effect of light:dark cycles and cell apical length on the sexual reproduction of Pseudo-nitzschia multiseries (Bacillariophyceae) in culture. Phycologia 39:59–66CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Horner RA, Hickey BM, Postel JR (2000) Pseudo-nitzschia blooms and physical oceanography off Washington State, USA. S Afr J Mar Sci 22:299–308Google Scholar
  37. Ianora A, Poulet SA, Miralto A (2003) The effects of diatoms on copepod reproduction: a review. Phycologia 42:351–363CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Kaczmarska I, Ehrman JM, Bates SS, Green DH, Léger C, Harris J (2005a) Diversity and distribution of epibiotic bacteria on Pseudo-nitzschia multiseries in culture, and comparison with those on diatoms in native seawater. Harmful Algae 4:725–741CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Kaczmarska I, LeGresley MM, Martin JL, Ehrman J (2005b) Diversity of the diatom genus Pseudo-nitzschia Peragallo in the Quoddy Region of the Bay of Fundy, Canada. Harmful Algae 4:1–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Kotaki Y, Koike K, Yoshida M, Thuoc CV, Huyen NTM, Hoi NC, Fukuyo Y, Kodama M (2000) Domoic acid production in Nitzschia sp. isolated from a shrimp-culture pond in Do Son, Vietnam. J Phycol 36:1057–1060CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Kotaki Y, Lundholm N, Onodera H, Kobayashi K, Bajarias FFA, Furio E, Iwataki M, Fukuyo Y, Kodama M (2004) Wide distribution of Nitzschia navis-varingica, a new domoic acid-producing benthic diatom found in Vietnam. Fish Sci 70:28–32CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Kreuder C, Miller MA, Jessup DA, Lowenstine LJ, Harris MD, Ames JA, Carpenter TE, Conrad PA, Mazet JAK (2003) Patterns of mortality in southern sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis) from 1998–2001. J Wildlife Dis 39:495–509Google Scholar
  43. Kudela R, Roberts A, Armstrong, M (2004) Laboratory analyses of nutrient stress and toxin accumulation in Pseudo-nitzschia species from Monterey Bay, California. In: Steidinger KA, Landsberg JH, Tomas CR, Vargo GA (eds) Harmful algae 2002. Florida Fish and Wildlife Conserv Comm, Florida Inst of Oceanogr, IOC-UNESCO, St. Petersburg, USA, pp 136–138Google Scholar
  44. Ladizinsky NL (2003) The influences of dissolved copper on the production of domoic acid by Pseudo-nitzschia species in Monterey Bay, California: laboratory experiments and field observations. MSc Thesis, California State Univ, Monterey Bay, CA, USA, 68 ppGoogle Scholar
  45. Lefebvre KA, Powell CL, Busman M, Doucette GJ, Moeller PDR, Silver JB, Miller PE, Hughes MP, Singaram S, Silver MW, Tjeerdema RS (1999) Detection of domoic acid in northern anchovies and California sea lions associated with an unusual mortality event. Natural Toxins 7:85–92PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Lefebvre KA, Dovel SL, Silver MW (2001) Tissue distribution and neurotoxic effects of domoic acid in a prominent vector species, the northern anchovy Engraulis mordax. Mar Biol 138:693–700CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Lefebvre KA, Bargu S, Kieckhefer T, Silver MW (2002a) From sandabs to blue whales: the pervasiveness of domoic acid. Toxicon 40:971–977PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Lefebvre KA, Silver MW, Coale SL, Tjeerdema RS (2002b) Domoic acid in planktivorous fish in relation to toxic Pseudo-nitzschia cell densities. Mar Biol 140:625–631CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Lincoln JA, Turner JT, Bates SS, Léger C, Gauthier DA (2001) Feeding, egg production, and egg hatching success of the copepods Acartia tonsa and Temora longicornis on diets of the toxic diatom Pseudo-nitzschia multiseries and the non-toxic diatom Pseudo-nitzschia pungens. Hydrobiologia 453/454:107–120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Lundholm N, Moestrup Ø Pseudo-nitzschia galaxiae sp. nov. (Bacillariophyceae): morphology and phylogenetic relationships. Phycologia 41:594–605Google Scholar
  51. Lundholm N, Daugbjerg N, Moestrup Ø (2002a) Phylogeny of the Bacillariaceae with emphasis on the genus Pseudo-nitzschia (Bacillariophyceae) based on partial LSU rDNA. Eur J Phycol 37:115–134CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Lundholm N, Hasle GR, Fryxell GA, Hargraves PE (2002b) Morphology, phylogeny and taxonomy of species within the Pseudo-nitzschia americana complex (Bacillariophyceae) with descriptions of two new species, Pseudo-nitzschia brasiliana and Pseudo-nitzschia linea. Phycologia 41:480–497CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Lundholm N, Moestrup Ø, Hasle GR, Hoef-Emden K (2003) A study of the P. pseudodelicatissima/cuspidata complex (Bacillariophyceae): what is P. pseudodelicatissima? J Phycol 39:797–813CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Lundholm N, Hansen PJ, Kotaki Y (2004) Effect of pH on growth and domoic acid production by potentially toxic diatoms of the genera Pseudo-nitzschia and Nitzschia. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 273:1–15Google Scholar
  55. Lundholm N, Hansen PJ, Kotaki Y (2005) Lack of allelopathic effects of the domoic acid-producing marine diatom Pseudo-nitzschia multiseries. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 288:21–33Google Scholar
  56. Maldonado MT, Hughes MP, Rue EL, Wells ML (2002) The effect of Fe and Cu on growth and domoic acid production by Pseudo-nitzschia multiseries and Pseudo-nitzschia australis. Limnol Oceanogr 47:515–526CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Maneiro I, Iglesias P, Guisande C, Riveiro I, Barreiro A, Zervoudaki S, Granéli E (2005) Fate of domoic acid ingested by the copepod Acartia clausi. Mar Biol 148:123–130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Mann DG (1999) The species concept in diatoms. Phycologia 38:437–495CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Marchetti A (2005) Ecophysiological aspects of iron nutrition and domoic acid production in oceanic and coastal diatoms of the genus Pseudo-nitzschia. PhD Thesis. University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada, 220 ppGoogle Scholar
  60. Marchetti A, Trainer VL, Harrison PJ (2004) Environmental conditions and phytoplankton dynamics associated with Pseudo-nitzschia abundance and domoic acid in the Juan de Fuca eddy. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 281:1–12Google Scholar
  61. Moestrup Ø (ed) (2004) IOC taxonomic reference list of toxic plankton algae. Intergov Oceanogr Comm of UNESCO, http://www.bi.ku.dk/ioc/default.aspGoogle Scholar
  62. Ochoa JL, Hernández-Becerril DU et al (2002) Marine biotoxins and harmful algal blooms in Mexico’s Pacific littoral. In: Taylor FJR, Trainer VL (eds) Harmful algal blooms in the PICES region of the North Pacific. PICES Scientific Report no. 23, Sidney, BC, Canada, pp 119–128Google Scholar
  63. Orsini L, Sarno D, Procaccini G, Poletti R, Dahlmann J, Montresor M (2002) Toxic Pseudo-nitzschia multistriata (Bacillariophyceae) from the Gulf of Naples: morphology, toxin analysis and phylogenetic relationships with other Pseudo-nitzschia species. Eur J Phycol 37:247–257CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Orsini L, Procaccini G, Sarno D, Montresor M (2004) Multiple rDNA ITS-types within the diatom Pseudo-nitzschia delicatissima (Bacillariophyceae) and their relative abundances across a spring bloom in the Gulf of Naples. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 271:87–98Google Scholar
  65. Osada M, Stewart JE (1997) Gluconic acid/gluconolactone: physiological influences on domoic acid production by bacteria associated with Pseudo-nitzschia multiseries. Aquat Microb Ecol 12:203–209Google Scholar
  66. Pan Y, Bates SS, Cembella AD (1998) Environmental stress and domoic acid production by Pseudo-nitzschia: a physiological perspective. Natural Toxins 6:127–135PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Pan Y, Parsons ML, Busman M, Moeller PDR, Dortch Q, Powell CL, Doucette GJ (2001) Pseudo-nitzschia sp. cf. pseudodelicatissima — a confirmed producer of domoic acid from the northern Gulf of Mexico. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 220:83–92Google Scholar
  68. Raven JA (1983) The transport and function of silicon in plants. Biol Rev 58:179–207Google Scholar
  69. Rhodes L, Scholin C, Garthwaite I, Haywood A, Thomas A (1998) Domoic acid producing Pseudo-nitzschia species educed by whole cell DNA probe-based and immunochemical assays. In: Reguera B, Blanco J, Fernández ML, Wyatt T (eds) Harmful algae. Xunta de Galicia and IOC-UNESCO, Paris, pp 274–277Google Scholar
  70. Rhodes L, Holland P, Adamson J, Selwood A, McNabb P (2004) Mass culture of New Zealand isolates of Pseudo-nitzschia australis for production of a new isomer of domoic acid. In: Steidinger KA, Landsberg JH, Tomas CR, Vargo GA (eds) Harmful algae 2002. Florida Fish and Wildlife Conserv Comm, Florida Inst of Oceanogr, IOCUNESCO, St. Petersburg, USA, pp 125–127Google Scholar
  71. Rines JEB, Donaghay PL, Dekshenieks MM, Sullivan JM, Twardowski MS (2002) Thin layers and camouflage: hidden Pseudo-nitzschia spp. (Bacillariophyceae) populations in a fjord in the San Juan Islands, Washington, USA. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 225:123–137Google Scholar
  72. Rue E, Bruland K (2001) Domoic acid binds iron and copper: a possible role for the toxin produced by the marine diatom Pseudo-nitzschia. Mar Chem 76:127–134CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Ryan JP, Chavez FP, Bellingham JG (2005) Physical-biological coupling in Monterey Bay, California: topographic influences on phytoplankton ecology. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 287:23–32Google Scholar
  74. Sarthou G, Timmermans KR, Blain S, Tréguer P (2005) Growth physiology and fate of diatoms in the ocean: a review. J Sea Res 53:25–42CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Scholin CA, Gulland F et al (2000) Mortality of sea lions along the central California coast linked to a toxic diatom bloom. Nature 403:80–84PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Sierra Beltrán A, Palafox-Uribe M, Grajales-Montiel J, Cruz-Villacorta A, Ochoa JL (1997) Sea bird mortality at Cabo San Lucas, Mexico: evidence that toxic diatom blooms are spreading. Toxicon 35:447–453PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Stehr CM, Connell L, Baugh KA, Bill BD, Adams NG, Trainer VL (2002) Morphological, toxicological, and genetic differences among Pseudo-nitzschia (Bacillariophyceae) species in inland embayments and outer coastal waters of Washington State, USA. J Phycol 38:55–65CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Tester PA, Pan Y, Doucette GJ (2001) Accumulation of domoic acid activity in copepods. In: Hallegraeff GM, Blackburn SI, Bolch CJ, Lewis RJ (eds) Harmful algal blooms 2000. IOC-UNESCO, Paris, pp 418–421Google Scholar
  79. Thessen AE, Dortch Q, Parsons ML, Morrison W (2005) Effect of salinity on Pseudo-nitzschia species (Bacillariophyceae) growth and distribution. J Phycol 41:21–29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Trainer VL, Adams NG, Bill BD, Anulacion BF, Wekell JC (1998) Concentration and dispersal of a Pseudo-nitzschia bloom in Penn Cove, Washington, USA. Natural Toxins 6:113–126PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Trainer VL, Adams NG, Wekell JC (2001) Domoic acid-producing Pseudo-nitzschia species off the U.S. west coast associated with toxification events. In: Hallegraeff GM, Blackburn SI, Bolch CJ, Lewis RJ (eds) Harmful algal blooms 2000. IOC-UNESCO, Paris, pp 46–48Google Scholar
  82. Trainer VL, Hickey BM, Horner RA (2002) Biological and physical dynamics of domoic acid production off the Washington coast. Limnol Oceanogr 47:1438–1446CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Vale P, Sampayo MA (2001) Domoic acid in Portuguese shellfish and fish. Toxicon 39:893–904PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Villac MC, Roelke DL, Chavez FP, Cifuentes LA, Fryxell GA (1993) Pseudo-nitzschia australis Frenguelli and related species from the west coast of the USA: occurrence and domoic acid production. J Shellfish Res 12:457–465Google Scholar
  85. Wekell JC, Gauglitz EJ Jr, Barnett HJ, Hatfield CL, Simons D, Ayres D (1994) Occurrence of domoic acid in Washington state razor clams (Siliqua patula) during 1991–1993. Natural Toxins 2:197–205PubMedGoogle Scholar
  86. Wells ML, Trick CG, Cochlan WP, Hughes MP, Trainer VL (2005) Domoic acid: the synergy of iron, copper, and the toxicity of diatoms. Limnol Oceanogr 50:1908–1917CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. Werner D (1977) Introduction with a note on taxonomy. In:Werner D (ed) The biology of diatoms.University of California Press, Berkeley, pp 1–17Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. S. Bates
    • 1
  • V. L. Trainer
    • 2
  1. 1.Fisheries and Oceans CanadaGulf Fisheries CentreMonctonCanada
  2. 2.NOAA FisheriesNorthwest Fisheries Science CenterSeattleUSA

Personalised recommendations