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The stability of tropical rainforest margins, linking ecological, economic and social constraints of land use and conservation — an introduction

  • Teja Tscharntke
  • Christoph Leuschner
  • Manfred Zeller
  • Edi Guhardja
  • Arifuddin Bidin
Part of the Environmental Science and Engineering book series (ESE)

Abstract

Tropical rainforests disappear at an alarming rate causing unprecedented losses in biodiversity and ecosystem services (Hughes et al. 1997, Noble & Dirzo 1997, Tilman et al. 2001, Achard et al. 2002) with Southeast Asia showing the highest rates of deforestation of any major tropical region (Sodhi et al. 2004). Despite an increased recognition of the value of these goods at national and international levels, rainforests continue to be seriously threatened by various forms of encroachments such as low-intensity harvesting of non-timber forest products by the rural poor, large-scale plantation forestry by the state or private actors, and the conversion of forested land by smallholder farmers. Transformation of ecosystems and changes in land use affect important ecosystem services and ultimatively human well-being (Robertson & Swinton 2005).

Keywords

Ecosystem Service Agroforestry System Forest Disturbance Soil Organic Carbon Pool Important Ecosystem Service 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Teja Tscharntke
    • 1
  • Christoph Leuschner
    • 2
  • Manfred Zeller
    • 3
  • Edi Guhardja
    • 4
  • Arifuddin Bidin
    • 5
  1. 1.AgroecologyUniversity of GöttingenGöttingenGermany
  2. 2.Plant Ecology, Albrecht-von-Haller-Institute for Plant SciencesUniversity of GöttingenGöttingenGermany
  3. 3.Rural Development Theory and Policy, Institute of Agricultural Economics and Social Sciences in the Tropics and SubtropicsUniversity of Hohenheim (490a)StuttgartGermany
  4. 4.Kampus IPB Baranang Siang, Ex-Aula Kantor PusatBogorIndonesia (Jabar)
  5. 5.Universitas TadulakoPaluIndonesia (Sulteng)

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