From Abstract to Virtual Entities: Implementation of Work-Based Searching in a Multimedia Digital Library

  • Mark Notess
  • Jenn Riley
  • Harriette Hemmasi
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 3232)


Libraries of digitized multimedia content provide access to virtual entities. In the case of music, where there are frequently many different performances, editions, and arrangements of a given work, the Variations2 metadata model, links all instances of a work to an abstract work record, thus yielding superior search capabilities to digital library users. This paper summarizes the motivation for addressing the music metadata problem and describes the Variations2 search user interface, which is based on our work-centric, FRBR-like metadata model.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Variations2: the Indiana University digital music library project,
  2. 2.
    OCLC WorldCat web site,
  3. 3.
    Research Libraries Group (RLG) web site,
  4. 4.
    Saur, K.G.: IFLA Study Group on the Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records. Functional requirements for bibliographic records, Munich (1998)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Library of Congress. MARC Standards web site,
  6. 6.
    VTLS announces first FRBR user. Biblio. Tech. Review (January 24 2003),
  7. 7.
    Ayres, M., Kilner, K., Fitch, K., Scarvell, A.: Report on the successful AustLit: Australian Literature Gateway implementation of the FRBR and INDECS event models, and implications for other FRBR implementations. International Cataloguing and Bibliographic Control 32(1), 8–13 (2003)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Revolutionizing the catalog: RLG’s RedLightGreen project,
  9. 9.
    FictionFinder: a FRBR-based prototype for fiction in WorldCat,
  10. 10.
    Minibayeva, N., Dunn, J.W.: A digital library data model for music. In: Proceedings of JCDL 2002, Portland, Oregon, July 13-17, pp. 154–155. ACM Press, New York (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Hemmasi, H.: Why not MARC? In: Proceedings of ISMIR 2002: The Third International Conference on Music Information Retrieval IRCAM – Centre Pompidou, Paris, France, October 13-17, pp. 242–248 (2002)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Velucci, S.L.: Bibliographic relationships in music catalogs. Scarecrow Press, Lanham (1997)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Smiraglia, R.P.: The nature of the work. Scarecrow Press, Lanham (2001)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Anglo-American cataloguing rules revision, 2nd edn. American Library Association, Chicago (2002)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Variations2 Development Team. Variations2 system architecture: report for the project midterm review. Technical report (November 2002),
  16. 16.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark Notess
    • 1
  • Jenn Riley
    • 1
  • Harriette Hemmasi
    • 2
  1. 1.Digital Library Program, Main LibraryIndiana UniversityBloomingtonUSA
  2. 2.Executive Associate DeanIndiana University Libraries, Indiana UniversityBloomingtonUSA

Personalised recommendations