A Lexical Grammatical Implementation of Affect

  • Matthijs Mulder
  • Anton Nijholt
  • Marten den Uyl
  • Peter Terpstra
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 3206)

Abstract

In this paper we report about our research towards the use of affect in language wherein we have attempted to formalise the affective functionality at word and grammatical level for a fraction of Dutch and English. These formalisations have been demonstrated in a pilot experiment. The empirical background of the formalisation, and the results of the experiment constitute the basis for further research on a lexical, grammatical implementation of affect.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Wiebe, J.: Tracking the point of view in narrative. Computational Lingustics 20(2), 233–287 (1991)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Wiebe, J., Wilson, T., Bruce, R., Bell, M., Martin, M.: Learning subjective language. Technical Report TR-02-100, Department of Computer Science, University of Pittsburgh (2002)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Osgood, C.: The Measurement of Meaning. University of Illinois Press, Urbana IL (1957)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kamps, J., Marx, M.: Words with attitude. CCSOM Working Paper 01-194 (2001)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Beckwith, F., Gross, M.: Introduction to wordnet: An online lexical database (1993)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Frijda, N., Swagerman, J.: Can computers feel? theory and design of an emotional system. Cognition and Emotion 1, 235–257 (1987)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ortony, A., Clore, G., Collins, A.: The cognitive structure of emotions. Cambridge University Press, New York (1988)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hovy, E.H.: Generating Natural Language Under Pragmatic Constraints. Lawrence Erlbaum, Hillsdale (1988)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Turney, P., Littman, M.: Unsupervised learning of semantic orientation from a hundred-billionword corpus. Technical report, National Research Council Canada (2002)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hatzivassiloglou, V., McKeown, K.R.: Predicting the semantic orientation of adjectives. In: Proc. of the 35th Annual Meeting of the ACL and the 8th Conference of the European Chapter of the ACL, Madrid, pp. 174–181 (1997)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Liu, H., Lieberman, H., Selker, T.: A model of textual affect sensing using real-world knowledge. Technical report, MIT Media Laboratory, Cambridge, USA (2003)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Mulder, M.: A lexical grammatical implementation of affect. Master’s thesis, University of Twente (2003)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Broekhuis, H.: Adjectives and adjective phrases. Technical report, University of Tilburg, Modern Grammar of Dutch Working Paper 2 (1999)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Green, A.: Kappa statistics for multiple raters using categorical classifications. In: Proceedings of the 22nd Annual SAS User Group International Conference (1997)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matthijs Mulder
    • 1
    • 2
  • Anton Nijholt
    • 1
  • Marten den Uyl
    • 2
  • Peter Terpstra
    • 2
  1. 1.University of TwenteEnschedeThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Parabots ServicesAmsterdamThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations