Coherence Properties of the Electromagnetic Field

  • D.F. Walls
  • Gerard J. Milburn

Abstract

In this chapter correlation functions for the electromagnetic field are introduced from which a definition of optical coherence may be formulated. It is shown that the coherent states possess nth-order optical coherence. Photon-correlation measurements and the phenomena of photon bunching and antibunching are described. Phase-dependent correlation functions which are accessible via homodyne measurements are introduced. The theory of photon counting measurements is given.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • D.F. Walls
  • Gerard J. Milburn
    • 1
  1. 1.Physics DepartmentUniversity of QueenslandSt LuciaAustralia

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