Shock Waves pp 101-106 | Cite as

Supersonic flow over double cone geometries

  • H. Kleine
  • K. Hiraki
Conference paper


The supersonic flow over a double cone structure may become unstable and start to pulsate for a large enough opening angle of the second cone. If the double cone geometry is fixed, the onset of instability is entirely governed by the characteristics of the incoming free stream flow. Through a series of experiments with force and pressure measurements and simultaneous visualization of the flow field it was possible to determine experimentally the threshold Mach number at which such instabilities first become notable.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    J.D. Anderson: Fundamentals of Aerodynamics. (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1991)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    W.A. Mair: The Philosophical Magazine Ser. 7 43(342), 695 (1952)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    S.M. Bogdonoff, I.E. Vas: J. Aero/Space Sciences 26(2), 65 (1959)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    J.P. Reding, R.A. Guenther, B.J. Richer: J. of Spacecraft 14(1), 54 (1977)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    J. Srulijes, P. Gnemmi, F. Seiler, K. Runne: CFD J. 12(2), 441 (2003)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    C.J. Wood: J. Fluid Mech. 12(4), 614 (1962)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    M.J. Wright, K. Sinha, J. Olejniczak, G.V. Candler: AIAA J. 38(12), 2268 (2000)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    D.J. Maull: J. Fluid Mech. 8(4), 584 (1960)ADSMathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    W. Calarese, W.L. Hankey: AIAA J. 23, 185 (1985)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    T. Hashimoto: Analytical and Experimental Study of Hypersonic Nozzle Flows in Free Piston Shock Tunnel. PhD thesis, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan (2003)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    H. Kleine:‘Flow Visualization’. In: Handbook of Shock Waves, Vol.1, ed. by G. Ben-Dor, O. Igra, T. Elperin (Academic Press, San Diego 2001), pp. 683–740CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    G.S. Settles: Schlieren and Shadowgraph Techniques. (Springer, New York 2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    NACA report 1135: Equations, Tables, and Charts for Compressible Flow. (US Government Printing Office, 1953)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    K. Hiraki, H. Kleine: ‘Dynamic behavior of the shock wave formed around a reflector in supersonic flow’. In: Proceedings of the 24th International Symposium on Shock Waves, Beijing, China, July 11–16, 2004, ed. by Z. Jiang, paper 2954, (2004)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Tsinghua University Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Kleine
    • 1
  • K. Hiraki
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Aerospace, Civil and Mechanical EngineeringThe University of New South Wales, Australian Defence Force AcademyCanberraAustralia
  2. 2.Department of Mechanical and Control EngineeringKyushu Institute of TechnologyFukuokaJapan

Personalised recommendations