An Approach for Ontology Building from Text Supported by NLP Techniques

  • Rafael Valencia-García
  • Dagoberto Castellanos Nieves
  • Pedro José Vivancos Vicente
  • Jesualdo Tomás Fernández Breis
  • Rodrigo Martínez-Béjar
  • Francisco García Sánchez
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 3040)


In this work, we present an approach to simplify Knowledge Acquisition Processes (KAPs) by means of extracting knowledge directly from natural language texts. The ultimate goal is to acquire knowledge straight from experts’ language. This approach uses a morphologic analyzer to improve the setting-in-a-context between knowledge elements (e.g., concepts and attributes). Another objective is achieving language independency. Here, the knowledge acquired from texts is represented by means of ontologies.


Knowledge Acquisition Search Phase Knowledge Element Taxonomic Relation Text Fragment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Aronoff, M.: Word Formation in Generative Grammar. MIT Press, Cambridge (1976)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bourigault, D.: LEXTER, a Natural Language tool for terminology extraction. In: Proceedings, 7th EURALEX International Congress, Goteborg, Sweden, pp. 771–779 (1996)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Chomsky, N.: Knowledge of Language: Its Nature, Origin, and Use, Praeger (1986)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Fernández-Breis, J.T., Castellanos-Nieves, D., Valencia-Garcia, R., Vivancos-Vicente, P.J., Martínez-Béjar, R., De las Heras-González, M.D.l.: Towards Scott domains-based topological ontology models. An application to a cancer domain. In: Proceedings of International Conference on Formal Ontology in Information Systems. Maine, EEUU (2001)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hahn, U., Schnattinger, K.: An Empirical Evaluation of a System for Text Knowledge Acquisition. In: Proceedings of the European Knowledge Acquisition Workshop, Sant Feliu de Guixols, Spain, pp. 129–144 (1997)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Jacquemin, C.: Spotting and Discovering Terms through Natural Language Processing. MIT Press, Cambridge (2001)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Jones, D.M., Paton, R.C.: Acquisition of Conceptual Structure in Scientific Theory. In: Plaza, E., Benjamins, R. (eds.) Proceedings of the European Knowledge Acquisition Workshop, Sant Feliu de Guixols, Spain, pp. 145–158 (1997)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Musen, M.A.: Domain Ontologies in Software Engineering: Use of Protegé with the EON Architecture. Methods of Information in Medicine 37, 540–550 (1998)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    O’Leary, D.E.: Impediments in the use of explicit ontologies for KBs development. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies 46, 327–338 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Quinlan, J.R.: C4.5: programs for Machine Learning. Morgan Kaufmann, San Mateo (1993)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Romacker, M., Hahn, U.: Context-based Ambiguity Management for Natural Language Processing. In: Akman, V., Bouquet, P., Thomason, R.H., Young, R.A. (eds.) CONTEXT 2001. LNCS (LNAI), vol. 2116, pp. 184–197. Springer, Heidelberg (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ruiz-Sánchez, J.M., Valencia-García, R., Fernández-Breis, J.T., Martínez-Béjar, R., Compton, R., Compton, P.: An approach for incremental knowledge acquisition from text. Expert Systems with Applications 25(2), 77–86 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Sánchez-Carreño, R.I., Fernández-Breis, J.T., Martínez-Béjar, R., Cantos-Gómez, P.: An ontology-based approach to knowledge acquisition from text. Cuadernos de Filología Inglesa 9(1), 191–212 (2000)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Thomas, L.: Beginning Syntax. Oxford Blackwell (1993)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Van Heijst, G., Schreiber, A.T., Wielinga, B.J.: Using explicit ontologies in KBS development. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies 45, 183–292 (1997)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rafael Valencia-García
    • 1
  • Dagoberto Castellanos Nieves
    • 2
  • Pedro José Vivancos Vicente
    • 1
  • Jesualdo Tomás Fernández Breis
    • 3
  • Rodrigo Martínez-Béjar
    • 1
  • Francisco García Sánchez
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento de Ingeniería de la Información y las ComunicacionesUniversidad de MurciaMurciaSpain
  2. 2.Facultad de Informática y MatemáticaUniversidad de HolguínHolguínCuba
  3. 3.Departamento de Informática y Sistemas, Facultad de InformáticaUniversidad de MurciaMurciaSpain

Personalised recommendations