Extracting Citation Metadata from Online Publication Lists Using BLAST
Scientific research reports usually contain a list of citations on previous related works. Therefore an automatic citation tool is an essential component of a digital library of scientific literatures. Due to variations in formats, it is difficult to automatically transform semi-structured citation data into structured citations. Some digital library institutes, like ResearchIndex (CiteSeer) or OpCit, have attempted automatic citation parsing. In order to recognize metadata, e.g., authors, title, journal, etc., of a citation string, we present a new methodology based on protein sequence alignment tool. We also develop a template generating system to transform known semi-structured citation strings into protein sequences. These protein sequences are then saved as templates in a database. A new semi-structured citation string is also translated it into a protein sequence. We then use BLAST (Basic Local Alignment Search Tool), a sequence alignment tool, to match for the most similar template to the new protein sequence from the template database previously constructed. We then parse metadata of the citation string according to the template. In our experiment, 2,500 templates are generated by our template generating system. By parsing all of these 2,500 citations using our parsing system, we obtain 89% precision rate. However, using the same template database to train ParaTools, 79% precision rate is obtained. Note that the original ParaTools using its default template database, which contains about 400 templates, only obtains 30% precision rate.
KeywordsDigital Library Call Admission Control Precision Rate Citation Format Sequence Alignment Tool
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.Lee Giles, C., Bollacker, K.D., Lawrence, S.: CiteSeer: An Automatic Citation Indexing System. In: Digital Libraries 1998, Pittsburgh, PA, USA (1998)Google Scholar
- 3.Lawrence, S., Lee Giles, C., Bollacker, K.D.: Autonomous Citation Matching. In: Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Autonomous Agents, Seattle, Washington, May 1-5, ACM Press, New York (1999)Google Scholar
- 4.Lawrence, S., Lee Giles, C., Bollacker, K.D.: Digital Libraries and Autonomous Citation Indexing. IEEE Computer 32(6), 67–71 (1999)Google Scholar
- 5.Harnad, S., Carr, L.: Integrating, Navigating and Analyzing Eprint Archives Through Open Citation Linking (the OpCit Project). Current Science (special issue honour of Eugene Garfield) 79, 629–638 (2000)Google Scholar
- 6.Bergmark, D.: Automatic Extraction of Reference Linking Information from Online Documents, Cornell University Technical Report, TR 2000-1821 (November 2000)Google Scholar
- 7.Bergmark, D., Lagoze, C.: An Architecture for Automatic Reference Linking, Cornell University Technical Report, TR 2000-1820 (October 2000)Google Scholar
- 8.Jewell, M.: ParaTools Reference Parsing Toolkit - Version 1.0 Released. D-Lib Magazine 9(2) (February 2003)Google Scholar
- 9.Altschul, S.F., Gish, W., Miller, W., Myers, E., Lipman, D.: A basic local alignment search tool. J. Mol. Biol. 215, 403–410 (1990)Google Scholar