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User Assisted Separation of Reflections from a Single Image Using a Sparsity Prior

  • Anat Levin
  • Yair Weiss
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 3021)

Abstract

When we take a picture through transparent glass the image we obtain is often a linear superposition of two images: the image of the scene beyond the glass plus the image of the scene reflected by the glass. Decomposing the single input image into two images is a massively ill-posed problem: in the absence of additional knowledge about the scene being viewed there are an infinite number of valid decompositions. In this paper we focus on an easier problem: user assisted separation in which the user interactively labels a small number of gradients as belonging to one of the layers.

Even given labels on part of the gradients, the problem is still ill-posed and additional prior knowledge is needed. Following recent results on the statistics of natural images we use a sparsity prior over derivative filters. We first approximate this sparse prior with a Laplacian prior and obtain a simple, convex optimization problem. We then use the solution with the Laplacian prior as an initialization for a simple, iterative optimization for the sparsity prior. Our results show that using a prior derived from the statistics of natural images gives a far superior performance compared to a Gaussian prior and it enables good separations from a small number of labeled gradients.

Keywords

Input Image Gaussian Mixture Model Single Image Natural Image Natural Scene 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anat Levin
    • 1
  • Yair Weiss
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Computer Science and EngineeringThe Hebrew University of JerusalemJerusalemIsrael

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