From Agents to Organizations: An Organizational View of Multi-agent Systems

  • Jacques Ferber
  • Olivier Gutknecht
  • Fabien Michel
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 2935)


While multi-agent systems seem to provide a good basis for building complex software systems, this paper points out some of the drawbacks of classical “agent centered” multi-agent systems. To resolve these difficulties we claim that organization centered multi-agent system, or OCMAS for short, may be used. We propose a set of general principles from which true OCMAS may be designed. One of these principles is not to assume anything about the cognitive capabilities of agents. In order to show how OCMAS models may be designed, we propose a very concise and minimal OCMAS model called AGR, for Agent/Group/Role. We propose a set of notations and a methodological framework to help the designer to build MAS using AGR. We then show that it is possible to design multi-agent systems using only OCMAS models.


Group Structure Organizational Level Agent Level Organizational Pattern Intentional Stance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jacques Ferber
    • 1
  • Olivier Gutknecht
    • 1
  • Fabien Michel
    • 1
  1. 1.LIRMM – University of Montpellier IIFrance

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