PANDA: Specifying Policies for Automated Negotiations of Service Contracts

  • Henner Gimpel
  • Heiko Ludwig
  • Asit Dan
  • Bob Kearney
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 2910)

Abstract

The Web and Grid services frameworks provide a promising infrastructure for cross-organizational use of online services. The use of services in large-scale and cross-organizational environments requires the negotiation of agreements that define these services. Buying at a fine granularity just when a need arises is only feasible if the costs of establishing new agreements are low. Today, negotiation is often a manual process yet many simple online services would allow full or partial automation. The PANDA approach automates decision-making and proposes to specify a negotiation policy, expressing a party’s private negotiation strategy, by combining rules and utility functions. In addition, the decision-making problem can be decomposed into different aspects that can be executed by different interacting decision-makers. Using PANDA for policy specification and negotiation decision-making reduces the costs of setting up new services and contracts. Hence, the use of fine-grained on-demand services becomes feasible.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Henner Gimpel
    • 1
  • Heiko Ludwig
    • 2
  • Asit Dan
    • 2
  • Bob Kearney
    • 2
  1. 1.Universität Fridericina Karlsruhe (TH)KarlsruheGermany
  2. 2.IBM T.J. Watson Research CenterHawthorneUSA

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