Taiwan's Strategic Relations with its Neighbors: A Countervailing Force to Rising China

  • Masako Ikegami


The international status of Taiwan/Republic of China (ROC) has been weaker since the day that the People’s Republic of China (PRC) was recognized as “the sole legitimate government of China” at the United Nations (UN) in 1971, an action which was consequently followed by many other countries. Thus, whether Taiwan can still maintain its de facto sovereignty or not, hinges on its strategic relations with other nations who value Taiwan’s security and international legitimacy and, since, for strategic reasons, China could also potentially be motivated to impose unification by force, Taiwan regards the United States as a particularly important guarantor of security. However, China’s rapid rise, in terms of military power, economic factors and trade, has begun to be perceived as challenging U.S. hegemony in the Asia Pacific so that the ways in which other states react to the increasingly competitive relationship between the United States and China, and particularly the potential U.S.-China clash over Taiwan, have become matters of critical concern, as are Taiwan’s strategic relations with its immediate neighbors: Japan, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), and the European Union (EU).


Regional Security ASEAN Member Taiwan Issue ASEAN Regional Forum Security Alliance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Agustin, Carlos L. (2008) “Maritime Security Cooperation and CBM in Southeast Asia – Report on the ASEAN-China Dialogue Meeting of March 11–15, 2008,” Global Geopolitics Net (8 May). Online. Available HTTP: <> (accessed 30 December 2009).
  2. Chanlett-Avery, Emma (2008) “The Changing U.S.-Japan Alliance: Implications for U.S. Interests,” Congressional Research Service Report RL33740 (10 January). Online. Available <> (accessed 30 December 2009)
  3. Cronin, Richard P. (2005) “The North Korean Nuclear Threat and the U.S.-Japan Security Alliance: Perceived Interests, Approaches, and Prospects,” The Fletcher Forum of World Affairs, 29, 1 (Winter): 55–56.Google Scholar
  4. Emmers, Ralf(2007) “The De-escalation of the Spratly Dispute in Sino-Southeast Asian Relations,” S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies, Singapore, Working Paper, 129 (6 June). Online. Available HTTP: < > (accessed 30 December 2009).
  5. Hsiao, Russel (2008a) “China-Taiwan Join Hands to Exploit East China Sea Resources,” China Brief, 8, 18 (22 September). Online. Available HTTP: <> (accessed 30 December 2009).
  6. Hsiao, Russel (2008b) “China and Singapore Sign First Defence and Security Agreement,” China Brief, 8, 2 (4 February). Online Available HTTP: <> (accessed 30 December 2009).
  7. Ikegami, Masako (2006) “Asia in Global Security – An Epicentre of New Instability,” Stockholm Journal of East Asian Studies, 16 (CPAS: Stockholm): 9–16.Google Scholar
  8. Ikegami, Masako (2007) “NATO and Japan: Strengthening Asian Stability,” NATO Review “Partnerships: Old and New” (Summer). Online. Available HTTP: <> (accessed 20 November 2007).
  9. Ikegami, Masako (2008) “Time for Conflict Prevention Across the Taiwan Strait,” China Brief, 8, 7 (28 March). Online. Available HTTP: <> (accessed 30 December 2009).
  10. Ikegami, Masako (2008a) “The European Union’s Progressive Foreign Policy and its Role in Cross-Strait Conflict Prevention,” in Tsang, Steve (ed.) Taiwan and the International Community, Oxford/Bern: Peter Lang, 133–52.Google Scholar
  11. Ikegami, Masako (2009) “China’s Grand Strategy of ‘Peaceful Rise’: A Prelude to a New Cold War?” in Hsiao, Hsin-Huang Michael H. and Lin, Cheng-yi (eds) Rise of China : Beijing’s Strategies and Implications for the Asia-Pacific, London, New York: Routledge, 21–54.Google Scholar
  12. Ikegami-Andersson, Masako (1998) “5. Japan,” in Singh, Ravinder Pal (ed.) Arms Procurement Decision Making, Vol. 1: China, India, Israel, Japan, South Korea and Thailand, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 131–176.Google Scholar
  13. Japan Ministry of Defense (2009) Defense of Japan 2009.Online. Available HTTP: <> (accessed 30 December 2009).
  14. Jiang, Wenran (2007) “New Dynamics of Sino-Japanese Relations,” Asian Perspective, 31, 1, 2007: 15–41.Google Scholar
  15. Kurlantzick, Joshua (2007) Charm Offensive: How China’s Soft Power is Transforming the World, New Haven and London: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Lin, Wen-Cheng (2008) “The Limits of Democratic Appeals and Economic Leverages,” in Tsang, Steve (ed.) Taiwan and the International Community, Oxford: Peter Lang, 190–91.Google Scholar
  17. Office of Secretary of Defense (2007) Military Power of the People’s Republic of China 2007, Annual Report to Congress.Online. Available HTTP: <> (accessed 30 December 2009).
  18. Office of Secretary of Defense (2009).Annual Report to Congress: Military Power of the People’s Republic of China 2009.Online. Available HTTP: <> (accessed 30 December 2009).
  19. Przystup, James J. (2009) “Japan-China Relations, New Year, Old Problems,” Comparative Connections (April).Online. Available HTTP: <> (Accessed 4 November 2009).
  20. Simon, Roger (1991) Gramsci’s Political Thought: An Introduction, Lawrence and Wishart, London.Google Scholar
  21. SIPRI Yearbook 2009, Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  22. Tkacik, John J. Jr. and Dillon, Dana (2005/2006) “China’s Quest for Asia: Beijing Fills a Vacuum,” Policy Review (December 2005/January 2006), Hoover Institution, Stanford University. Online. Available HTTP: <> (accessed 30 December 2009).
  23. Valencia, Mark J. (2007) “The East China Sea Dispute: Context, Claims, Issues and Possible Solutions,” Asian Perspectives 31, 1: 127–67.Google Scholar
  24. Wong, Fayen (2006) “Singapore Military Juggles Ties with Taiwan” China-Reuters (31 August). Online. Available HTTP: <> (accessed 30 December 2009).

Copyright information

© VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften | Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Masako Ikegami

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations