Advertisement

Deficits in Democratic Quality? The Effects of Party-System Institutionalisation on the Quality of Democracy in Central Eastern Europe

  • Marianne Kneuer

Abstract

This study aims to illustrate the contribution of parties and party systems to the quality of democracy. Does an instable party system make a difference for democratic quality in a country regarded as a consolidated democracy? Does the deficient functioning of parties and party systems influence democratic quality? If so, to what extent? To answer these questions, this article will examine the degree of institutionalisation over the two post-autocratic decades of the eight new, post-socialist democracies in Central Eastern Europe that entered the EU in 2004. I will then discuss whether the performance of the party systems affects the quality of democracy, and which aspects in particular may be affected.

Keywords

Party System Party Identification Central Eastern Party Organization Party Membership 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Bibliography

  1. Agh, Attila (1996)’The development of East Central European party systems: From „movement“ to cartels‘ in Szabó, Máté (ed.) The Challenge of Europeanization in the Region: East Central Europe, Budapest: 247–64.Google Scholar
  2. Altmann, David/Pérez-Liñan, Aníbal (2001) ‘Assessing the Quality of Democracy: Freedom, Competitiveness and Participation in 18 Latin American Countries’, Kellogg Institute working paper, Notre Dame.Google Scholar
  3. Armingeon, Klaus/Careja, Romana (2008) ‘Institutional change and stability in postcommunist countries 1990–2002’, European Journal of Political Research 4: 436–466.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bartolini, Stefano/Mair, Peter (2001) ‘Challenges to Contemporary Political Parties’ in Diamond, Larry/Gunther, Richard (eds.) Political Parties and Democracy, Baltimore/London: 327–343.Google Scholar
  5. Beetham, David (2004) ‘Towards a universal framework for democracy assessment’, Democratization 2: 1–17.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Beetham, David (ed.) (1994) Defining and Measuring Democracy, London/Thousand Oaks/New Delhi.Google Scholar
  7. Beetham, David/Bracking, Sarah/Kearton, Iain/Weir, Stuart (2002) International IDEA Handbook of Democracy Assessment, The Hague et al.Google Scholar
  8. Biezen, Ingrid van (2003) Political Parties in New Democracies. Party Organization in Southern and East-Central Europe, Basingstoke et al.Google Scholar
  9. Bos, Ellen/Segert, Dieter (eds.) (2008) Osteuropäische Demokratien als Trendsetter? Opladen/Farmington Hills.Google Scholar
  10. Bútora, Martin/Gyárfášová, Olga/Mesežnikov, Grigorij/Skladony, Thomas W. (eds.) (2007) Democracy and Populism in Central Europe. The Visegrad Elections and Their Aftermath, Bratislava.Google Scholar
  11. Coppedge, Michael (2004) ‘Quality of Democracy and Its Measurements’ in O'Donnell, Guillermo/Cullel, Jorge Vargas/Iazzetta, Osvaldo M. (eds.) The Quality of Democracy. Theory and Applications, Notre Dame: 239–248.Google Scholar
  12. Croissant, Aurel (2008) ’Die Parteiensysteme neuer Demokratien in Ostasien: Merkmale, Typen und Institutionalisierungsgrad‘, Zeitschrift für Vergleichende Politikwissenschaft 1: 95–124.Google Scholar
  13. Dahl, Robert A. (1972) Polyarchy: Participation and Opposition, Yale.Google Scholar
  14. Dawisha, Karen/Parrot, Bruce (eds.) (1997) The consolidation in East-Central Europe, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  15. Diamond, Larry/Morlino, Leonardo (eds.) (2005) Assessing the Quality of Democracy, Baltimore.Google Scholar
  16. Diamond, Larry/Morlino, Leonardo (2005) ‘Introduction’ in Diamond, Larry/Morlino, Leonardo (eds.) Assessing the Quality of Democracy, Baltimore: ix–xliii.Google Scholar
  17. Diamond, Larry (1999) Developing Democracy. Toward Consolidation, Baltimore/London, 1999.Google Scholar
  18. Enyedi, Zsolt (2006) ‘The Survival of the Fittest: Party System Concentration in Hungary’ in Jungerstam-Mulders, Susanne (ed.) Post-Communist EU Member States. Parties and Party Systems, Aldershot: 177–203.Google Scholar
  19. Enyedi, Zsolt/Tóka, Gábor (2007) ‘Party Politics in Hungary’ in Webb, Paul/White, Stephan (eds.) Party Politics in New Democracies, Oxford: 147–179.Google Scholar
  20. Gabriel, Oscar W. (2008) ‚Politische Einstellungen und politische Kultur‘ in Gabriel, Oscar W./Kropp, Sabine (eds.) Die EU-Staaten im Vergleich. Strukturen, Prozesse, Politikinhalte, Wiesbaden: 181–215.Google Scholar
  21. Gabriel, Oscar W./Völkl, Kerstin (2008) ‚Politische und soziale Partizipation‘ in Gabriel, Oscar W./Kropp, Sabine (eds.) Die EU-Staaten im Vergleich. Strukturen, Prozesse, Politikinhalte, Wiesbaden: 268–299.Google Scholar
  22. Grotz, Florian (2007) ‚Stabile Regierungsbündnisse? Determinanten der Koalitionspolitik in Ostmitteleuropa‘, Osteuropa 4: 109–23.Google Scholar
  23. Gunther, Richard/Diamond, Larry (2001) ‘Types and Functions of Parties’, Diamond, Larry/Gunther, Richard (eds.) Political Parties and Democracy, Baltimore/London: 3–40.Google Scholar
  24. Helms, Ludger (1995) ‘Parteiensysteme als Parteienstruktur. Zur methodisch-analytischen Konzeption der funktional vergleichenden Parteiensystemanalyse‘, Zeitschrift für Parlamentsfragen 26: 642–657.Google Scholar
  25. Jungerstam-Mulders, Susanne (ed.) (2006) Post-Communist EU Member States. Parties and Party Systems, Aldershot.Google Scholar
  26. Katz, Richard S. (2008) ‘Political parties’, in Caramani, Daniele (ed.) Comparative Politics, Oxford: 293–317.Google Scholar
  27. Katz, Richard S./Mair, Peter (1995) ‘Changing models of party organization and party democracy: The emergence of the cartel party’, Party Politics 1: 5–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Kitschelt, Herbert P./Mansfeldova, Zdenka/Markowski, Radoslav/Gabor Toka (1999) Post-Communist Party Systems, Competition, Representation, and Inter-Party Cooperation, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  29. Kopecky, Peter (2006) ‘The Rise of the Power Monopoly: Political Parties in the Czech Republic’ in Jungerstam-Mulders, Susanne (ed.) Post-Communist EU Member States. Parties and Party Systems, Aldershot: 125–147.Google Scholar
  30. Kopecky, Petr (1995) ‘Developing party organizations in east-central Europe: what type of party is likely to emerge?’, Party Politics 1: 515–534.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Krouwel, André (2006) ‘Party models’ in Katz, Richard S./Crotty, William (eds.) Handbook of Party Politics, London et al.: 249–270.Google Scholar
  32. Krupavicius, Algis (2007) ‘Lithuania’, European Journal of Political Research 46: 1019–1031.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Lang, Kai-Olaf (2007) ‘Populism in ‘Old’ and ‘New’ Europe. Trends and Implications’ in Bútora, Martin/Gyárfášová, Olga/Mesežnikov, Grigorij/Skladony, Thomas W. (eds.) Democracy and Populism in Central Europe. The Visegrad Elections and Their Aftermath, Bratislava: 125–141.Google Scholar
  34. Lawson, Kay (1999) ‘Cleavages, Parties, and Voters’ in Lawson, Kay/Römmele, Andrea/Karasimeonov, Georgi (eds.) Cleavages, Parties and Voters. Studies from Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, and Romania, Westport: 19–34.Google Scholar
  35. Lewis, Paul (ed.) (1996) Party Structure and Organization in East-Central Europe, Cheltenham.Google Scholar
  36. Lewis Paul (2000) Political parties in Post-communist Eastern Europe, London.Google Scholar
  37. Lewis, Paul (2001a) ‘The ‘Third Wave’ of Democracy in Eastern Europe. Comparative Perspectives on Party Roles and Political Development’, Party Politics 5: 543–565.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Lewis, Paul (ed.) (2001b) Party development and democratic change in post-communist Europe. The first decade, London/Portland, OR: 199–212.Google Scholar
  39. Lewis, Paul (2008) ‘Party System Institutionalization in East Central Europe: Empirical Dimensions and Tentative Conclusions’, Paper prepared for ECPR Joint Session of Workshops, Rennes 2008 (unpublished manuscript).Google Scholar
  40. Linz, Juan J./Stepan, Alfred (1996) Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation, Baltimore/London.Google Scholar
  41. Mainwaring, Scott (1998) ‘Party Systems in the Third Wave’, Journal of Democracy 3: 67–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Mainwaring, Scott/Scully, Timothy R. (1995) ‘Introduction. Party System in Latin America’ in Scott Mainwaring/Scully, Timothy R. (eds.) Building Democratic Institutions. Party Systems in Latin America, Standford: 1–34.Google Scholar
  43. Mainwaring, Scott/Torcal, Mariano (2006) ‘Party system institutionalization and party system theory after the third wave of democratization’ in Katz, Richard/Crotty, William (eds.) Handbook of Party Politics, London et al.: 204–228.Google Scholar
  44. Mair, Peter (1997) Party System Change. Approaches and Interpretations. Oxford.Google Scholar
  45. Mair, Peter ( 2008) ‘The Challenge to Party Government’, West European Politics 1: 211–234.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Merkel, Wolfgang (1999) Systemtransformation, Opladen.Google Scholar
  47. Mesežnikov, Grigorij (2007) ‘The Visegrad Group Elections of 2005–2006: Trends in Party Systems and Coalition Behavior’ in Bútora, Martin/Gyárfášová, Olga/Mesežnikov, Grigorij/Skladony, Thomas W. (eds.) Democracy and Populism in Central Europe. The Visegrad Elections and Their Aftermath, Bratislava: 9–19.Google Scholar
  48. Gunther, Richard/Montero, José Ramón/Linz, Juan J. (eds.) (2002) Political Parties. Old Concepts and New Challenges, Oxford.Google Scholar
  49. Morlino, Leonardo (1995) ‘Political Parties and Democratic Consolidation in Southern Europe’ in Gunther, Richard/Diamandouros, P. Nikiforos/Puhle, Hans-Jürgen (eds.) The Politics of Democratic Consolidation, Baltimore /London: 315–389.Google Scholar
  50. Müller-Rommel, Ferdinand/Schultze, Henrike/Harfst, Philipp/Fettelschoß, Katja (2008) ‘Parteienregierungen in Mittel-und Osteuropa: Empirische Befunde im Ländervergleich (1990–2008)’, Zeitschrift für Parlamentsfragen 39: 810–831.Google Scholar
  51. Mungiu-Pippidi, Alina (2007) ‘EU Accession Is No “End of History’, Journal of Democracy 4: 8–17.Google Scholar
  52. Nikolenyi, Csaba (2004) ‘Cabinet Stability in Post-Communist Central Europe’, Party Politics 2: 123–150.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. O'Donnell, Guillermo (2004) ‘Human Development, Human Rights, and Democracy’ in O'Donnell, Guillermo/Cullel, Jorge Vargas/Iazzetta Osvaldo M. (eds.) The Quality of Democracy. Theory and Applications, Notre Dame: 9–93.Google Scholar
  54. Perry Geraint/Moyser, George (1994) ‘More Participation, More Democracy?’ in Beetham, David (ed.) Defining and Measuring Democracy, London/Thousand Oaks/New Delhi: 44–62.Google Scholar
  55. Plattner, Marc F./Diamond, Larry (2007) ‘Editorial’, Journal of Democracy 4: 3.Google Scholar
  56. Powell, G. Bingham Jr. (2005) ‘The Chain of Responsiveness’ in Diamond, Larry/Morlino, Leonardo (eds.) Assessing the Quality of Democracy, Baltimore: 3–18.Google Scholar
  57. Pridham, Geoffrey/Lewis, Paul (eds.) (1996) Stabilizing fragile Democracies. Comparing new party systems in southern and eastern Europe, London/New York.Google Scholar
  58. Pridham/Lewis (1996) ‘Introduction: Stabilising fragile democracies and party system development’ in Pridham, Geoffrey/Lewis, Paul (eds.) Stabilizing fragile Democracies. Comparing new party systems in southern and eastern Europe, London/New York: 1–23.Google Scholar
  59. Randall, Vicky/Svasand, Lars (2002) ‘Party Institutionalization in New Democracies’, Party Politics 1: 5–29. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Ramonaite, Aine (2006) ‘The Development of the Lithuanian Party System: From Stability to Perturbation’ in Jungerstam-Mulders, Susanne (ed.) Post-Communist EU Member States. Parties and Party Systems, Aldershot: 69–91.Google Scholar
  61. Rose, Richard (2007) ‘Learning to Support New Regimes in Europe’, Journal of Democracy 3: 111–126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Rose, Richard/Munro, Neil/White, Stephen (2001) ‘Voting in a Floating Party System: the 1999 Duma Election’, Europe-Asia Studies 3: 419–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Rupnik, Jacques (2007) ‘From Democracy Fatigue to Populist Backlash’, Journal of Democracy 4: 17–26.Google Scholar
  64. Schmitter, Philippe C. (2001) ‘Parties are not what they once were’ in Larry Diamond/Gunther, Richard (eds.) Political Parties and Democracy, Baltimore/London: 67–89.Google Scholar
  65. Schmitter, Philippe C./Karl, Terry Lynn (1996) ‘What Democracy Is … and Is Not’ in Diamond, Larry/Plattner, Marc F. (eds.) The Global Resurgence of Democracy, Baltimore/London: 49–63.Google Scholar
  66. Segert, Dieter (2008) ‘Parteiendemokratie in der Krise. Gründe und Grundlagen in Ostmitteleuropa’, Osteuropa 1: 49–63.Google Scholar
  67. Segert, Dieter (1997) ‘Parteien und Parteiensysteme in der Konsolidierung der Demokratien Osteuropas’ in Merkel, Wolfgang/Sandschneider, Eberhard (eds.) Systemwechsel 3. Parteien im Transformationsprozeß, Opladen: 57–101.Google Scholar
  68. Segert, Dieter/Machos, Csilla (eds.) (1995) Parteien in Osteuropa: Kontext und Akteure, Opladen.Google Scholar
  69. Segert, Dieter/Stöss, Richard/Niedermayer, Oskar (eds.) (1996) Parteiensysteme in postkommunistischen Gesellschaften Osteuropas, Opladen.Google Scholar
  70. Siaroff, Alan (2000) Comparative Party Systems. An Analysis of Parliamentarian Elections since 1945, New York/London.Google Scholar
  71. Sikk, Allan (2005) ‘How unstable? Volatility and the genuinely new parties in Eastern Europe’, European Journal of Political Research 3: 391–412.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Tavits, Margit (2008) ‘On the linkage between electoral volatility and party system instability in Central Eastern Europe’, European Journal of Political Research 5: 537–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Tiemann, Guido (2006) Wahlsysteme, Parteiensystem und politische Repräsentation in Osteuropa, Wiesbaden.Google Scholar
  74. Tóka, Gábor (1998) ‘Party Appeals and Voter Loyalty in New Democracies’, Political Studies 3: 589–610.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Tóka, Gábor (1997) ‘Political Parties in East Central Europe’ in Diamond, Larry/Plattner, Marc F./ Chu, Yun-han/Tien, Hung-mao (eds.) Consolidating the Third Wave Democracies. Themes and Perspectives, Baltimore/London: 93–135.Google Scholar
  76. Ware, Alan (1996) Political Parties and Party Systems, Oxford.Google Scholar
  77. Webb, Paul (2005) ‘Political parties and democracy: The ambigious crisis’, Democratization 5: 633–650.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Webb, Paul/White, Stephen (2007a) ‘Conceptualizing the Institutionalization and Performance of Political Parties in New Democracies’, in Webb, Paul/ White, Stephen (eds.) Party Politics in New Democracies, Oxford: 1–21.Google Scholar
  79. Webb, Paul/White, Stephen (2007b) ‘Political Parties in New Democracies: Trajectories of Development and Implications for Democracy’ in Webb, Paul/White, Stephen (eds.) Party Politics in New Democracies, Oxford: 345–371.Google Scholar
  80. Webb, Paul/White, Stephen (eds.) (2007) Party Politics in New Democracies, Oxford.Google Scholar
  81. Wolinetz, Steven (2004) ‘Party Systems and Party Systems Types’ in Katz, Richard S./Crotty, William (eds.) Handbook of Party Politics, London et al.: 51–63.Google Scholar
  82. European Union Candidate Countries Barometer (CCEB)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften ist eine Marke von Springer Fachmedien 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marianne Kneuer

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations